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Re: SQL competition: the shortest interval coalesce/pack query

From: Tony <andrewst_at_onetel.com>
Date: 3 Dec 2004 07:21:42 -0800
Message-ID: <ed8a00fa.0412030721.62b36098@posting.google.com>


"Mikito Harakiri" <mikharakiri_at_iahu.com> wrote in message news:<2uPrd.61$G45.36_at_news.oracle.com>...
> Write the shortest sql query that would return a minimal cover of a set of
> intervals. For example, given
>
> Intervals = {(x=1,y=3), (x=2,y=5), (x=4, y=11), (x=10,y=12), (x=20,y=21)}
>
> it should return
>
> cover(Intervals) = {(x=1,y=12), (x=20,y=21)}
>
> "Developing Time-Oriented..." book by R.Snordgrass demonstrates several
> rather lenthy solutions (pp.160+). The book is freely downloadable.
>
> To be able to compare results, lets agree that each of the clauses (select,
> from, where, group by, having) starts a new line. (Each subquery/inner view
> must obey this rule as well.) Also, no more than 2 column expressions are
> allowed to fit on a single line in the select clause. Likewise, no more than
> 2 view/tables are allowed on a single line within from clause, no more than
> 2 predicates in the each line of the where clause, etc. If anybody knows
> alternative (maybe even standard) sql formatting rules, you are welcome to
> suggest those.

Are we allowed to use analytic functions? I believe they are part of the SQL standard these days, though I only know the Oracle dialect:

SELECT starts.x, ends.y
FROM (SELECT x, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY x) rn

        FROM   (SELECT x, y,
                       LAG(y) OVER(ORDER BY x) prev_y
                FROM   intervals)
        WHERE  prev_y is null
        OR     prev_y < x ) starts,
       (SELECT y, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY y) rn
        FROM   (SELECT x, y,
                       LEAD(x) OVER(ORDER BY y) next_x
                FROM   intervals)
        WHERE  next_x is null
        OR     y < next_x ) ends

WHERE starts.rn = ends.rn; Received on Fri Dec 03 2004 - 09:21:42 CST

Original text of this message

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