Svrmgrl

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Svrmgrl is an old utility shipped with Oracle 8i and lower releases (ORACLE_HOME\bin directory). Server manager commands are now available in SQL*Plus.

Svrmgrl was used to perform functions like database creation, startup, shutdown, recovery, oradebug, etc.

[edit] Connecting

The INTERNAL user was used to connect to the local instance as defined by the ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID environment variables.

In later releases, the INTERNAL user was replaced with "SYS AS SYSDBA".

[edit] Examples

Example to shutdown the database:

$ svrmgrl

Oracle Server Manager Release 3.1.7.0.0 - Production

Copyright (c) 1997, 1999, Oracle Corporation.  All Rights Reserved.

Oracle8i Enterprise Edition Release 8.1.7.0.1 - Production
With the Partitioning option
JServer Release 8.1.7.0.1 - Production

SVRMGR> connect internal
Connected.
SVRMGR> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SVRMGR> exit
Server Manager complete.

Take a systemstate dump:

$ svrmgrl
Oracle Server Manager Release 3.0.4.0.0 - Production

(c) Copyright 1997, Oracle Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Oracle8 Enterprise Edition Release 8.0.4.2.1 - Production
With the Partitioning option
PL/SQL Release 8.0.4.2.1 - Production

SVRMGR> connect internal
Connected.
SVRMGR> oradebug setmypid
Statement processed.
SVRMGR> oradebug unlimit
Statement processed.
SVRMGR> oradebug dump systemstate 1
Statement processed.
SVRMGR> exit;
Server Manager complete.

Also see, Enterprise Manager for GUI and Web-based management interfaces.