Oracle 11g R1 (11.1.0.6.0) on Mandriva 2007.1 Linux

From Oracle FAQ
Jump to: navigation, search

This HOWTO describes the step-by-step installation of Oracle 11gR1 database software on Mandriva Linux 2007.1 (Spring edition). However, it does not cover the database creation process, nor ASM instance creation.

Note that Mandriva Linux is not certified by Oracle Corporation.

Contents

[edit] Pre-installation tasks

1. Create the Oracle User Account

Login as root and create the user oracle which belongs to dba group.

su -
# groupadd dba
# useradd -g dba -d /app/oracle oracle

2. Setting system parameters

Add the following to /etc/sysctl.conf:

# Oracle 11g parameters
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default=4194304
net.core.wmem_default=262144
net.core.rmem_max=4194304
net.core.wmem_max=262144

Run sysctl to read the above file and make the required changes:

# /sbin/sysctl -p  

3. Creating oracle directories

# mkdir -p /app/oracle/product/11.1.0/db_1
# chown -R oracle:dba /app/oracle

4. Setting Oracle Environment

Edit the /app/oracle/.bash_profile file and add the following lines:

ORACLE_BASE=/app/oracle
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.1.0/db_1
ORACLE_SID=orcl
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib
PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_HOME ORACLE_SID LD_LIBRARY_PATH PATH

Save the .bash_profile and execute the following commands to load the new environment:

cd /app/oracle
. .bash_profile

[edit] Download and install

1. Download and install required packages

Some additional packages are required for successful installation of the Oracle software.

urpmi libaio
urpmi libaio1-devel
urpmi libstdc++5
urpmi libstdc++5-devel
urpmi libgcc
urpmi elfutils
urpmi sysstat
urpmi libgcc
urpmi unixODBC
urpmi unixODBC-devel

Note that we will not be able to install all required packages as Mandriva is not a supported Oracle platform. However, the following should be enouth to get you going.

2. Download the Oracle 11g release 1 (10.1.0.6.0) software from http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/products/database/index.html

Extract the files using following command:

unzip linux_11gR1_database.zip

3. Start the Oracle software installation process.

Now the system is prepared for Oracle software installation. To start the installation process execute the following commands:

cd database
./runInstaller

Oracle 11gR1 Installer - first screen

Ignore warning: It is recommended to not use the Oracle BASE /app/oracle as the user home directory.

Also ignore warnings on additional packages and parameters that needs to be set.

Netca throws this error:

#
# An unexpected error has been detected by HotSpot Virtual Machine:
#
#  SIGSEGV (0xb) at pc=0xb7e8ad93, pid=13731, tid=3085035200
#
# Java VM: Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (1.5.0_11-b03 mixed mode)
# Problematic frame:
# C  [libc.so.6+0x6ad93]  index+0x63
#
# An error report file with more information is saved as hs_err_pid13731.log
#
# If you would like to submit a bug report, please visit:
#   http://java.sun.com/webapps/bugreport/crash.jsp
#

An update : By AltuFaltu

- Found this solution for netca (Redhat 4 update 4) which had the same problem as listed above. If the hostname is not changed to something other than localhost, the netca crashes. Also, while creating a database the dbca complains of listener not running, and does not configure enterprise manager component - This only happens if you have the hostname as localhost.

[edit] Post-installation tasks

1. Manually configure SQL*Net (as NetCA doesn't work).

2. Start DBCA to create a database.

3. Use this step when you will be not running RAC or ASM instance.

su -
# /etc/init.d/init.cssd disable
# /etc/init.d/init.cssd stop

[edit] Common installation errors

  • Error:

DISPLAY not set. Please set the DISPLAY and try again.

Solution: Execute "export DISPLAY=:0.0" when you perform installtion on local machine or "export DISPLAY=<clientIP>:0.0 when you perform installation on remote machine connected over SSH". Don't forget to execute "xhost +" command on client machine.

  • Error:

Exception java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError: /tmp/OraInstall2005-07-07_09-40-45AM/jre/1.4.2/lib/i386/libawt.so: libXp.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory occurred. java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError: /tmp/OraInstall2005-07-07_09-40-45AM/jre/1.4.2/lib/i386/libawt.so: libXp.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

Solution: Install the xorg-x11-deprecated-libs RPM package (>=FC) or libXp package (FC5 and later).

  • Error:

...cannot restore segment prot after reloc: Permission denied

Solution 1: Modify /etc/selinux/config and change value of SELINUX to "disabled" and reboot computer.

Solution 2: Download selinux-policy-targeted-1.25.2-4.noarch.rpm from FC4 location and upgrade existing package.

  • Error:

error while loading shared libraries: libaio.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

Solution: Install libaio and libaio-devel packages. If packages already installed and error still occurs try execute "ldconfig" as root.

  • Error:

Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Failed <<<<

Solution: Install missing package or set check system parameters (See reason of failure).