Oracle 10g release 1 (10.1.0.2) on Fedora core 3 (FC3)

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Please note that Oracle Database 10g is not certified to run on Fedora Linux, therefore you should not use this combination on a production server. You can examine the Oracle certification matrix on Metalink.

Contents

[edit] Downloading and unpacking installation files

Download Oracle Database 10g from Oracle Technology Network. Four files are available:

  • ship.ccd.cpio.gz - Oracle 10g Companion CD
  • ship.client.cpio.gz - Oracle 10g Client
  • ship.crs.cpio.gz - Oracle 10g Cluster Ready Services
  • ship.db.cpio.gz - Oracle 10g Database

Only ship.db.cpio.gz is required in order to install the database. Once you downloaded the file, unpack it:

gunzip ship.db.cpio.gz
cpio -idmv<ship.db.cpio

All four installation files unpack to directory named "Disk1", so rename directory before you eventually unpack another file.

[edit] Preparing your system

[edit] Steps to perform as root user

Install following fedora packages using rpm -Uvh package_name:

setarch-1.6-1
openmotif-2.2.3-6
compat-gcc-8-3.3.4.2
compat-libstdc++-8-3.3.4.2
compat-libstdc++-devel-8-3.3.4.2
compat-gcc-c++-8-3.3.4.2

Oracle installer thinks that we have one of the supported distributions (redhat-3), so we don't need to modify /etc/redhat-release.

Change kernel parameters by adding the following lines in /etc/sysctl.conf:

kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 32768 65000 

Update kernel configuration:

[root@denisnb ~]# sysctl -e -p /etc/sysctl.conf 

Add the following lines to /etc/security/limits.conf file:

*               soft    nproc   2047
*               hard    nproc   16384
*               soft    nofile  1024
*               hard    nofile  65536

Add the following line to the /etc/pam.d/login file, if it does not already exist:

session    required     /lib/security/pam_limits.so

Create user and groups that will own oracle installation. In this exaple the username will be oracle:

[root@denisnb ~]# groupadd oinstall
[root@denisnb ~]# groupadd dba
[root@denisnb ~]# useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle
[root@denisnb ~]# passwd oracle

[edit] Running the installer

If you have Oracle 10g Database CD, login as root and mount it:

[root@denisnb ~]# mount /media/cdrom

Oracle installer needs to be run from Xwindows, so start Xwindows and login as user oracle.

Start the installer:

[oracle@denisnb ~]$ /media/cdrom/runInstaller

Now the installer should be up and running. Remember ORACLE_SID and path to ORACLE_HOME that you set at the installer file locations prompt, you'll need this later on.

During the 'Product-specific Prerequisite Checks' phase a warning is raised because gcc-2.96 is missing. Ignore this and continue with the installation.

[edit] Post-installation steps

[edit] Setting up environment

Login as user oracle and add the following variables in .bash_profile:

echo "export ORACLE_HOME=/home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1" >>$HOME/.bash_profile
echo "export PATH=\$PATH:\$ORACLE_HOME/bin">>$HOME/.bash_profile
echo "export ORACLE_SID=ora10" >>$HOME/.bash_profile

Change the values of ORACLE_SID and ORACLE_HOME, if necessary. Modify the /etc/oratab file in order to use database startup and shutdown scripts provided by oracle. Find the line in /etc/oratab that looks similar to this:

*:/home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1:N

Entries are of the form:

$ORACLE_SID:$ORACLE_HOME:<N|Y>

Change the last field (N) to Y, and you will be able to start the database using dbstart utility.

[edit] Starting database services

Note: If you just installed Oracle, the database, TNS listener and enterprise manager are already running.

Start TNS Listener:

[oracle@denisnb ~]$ lsnrctl start

You can start the database via dbstart utility:

[oracle@denisnb ~]$ dbstart

or via SQL*Plus:

[oracle@denisnb ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production on Fri Nov 12 17:13:01 2004

Copyright (c) 1982, 2004, Oracle.  All rights reserved. 

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  188743680 bytes
Fixed Size                   778036 bytes
Variable Size             162537676 bytes
Database Buffers           25165824 bytes
Redo Buffers                 262144 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
[oracle@denisnb ~]$ 

Start Enterprise manager server (optional):

[oracle@denisnb ~]$ emctl start dbconsole

[edit] Stopping database services

Stop Enterprise manager server:

[oracle@denisnb ~]$ emctl stop dbconsole

You can stop the database via dbshut utility:

[oracle@denisnb ~]$ dbshut

or via SQL*Plus:

[oracle@denisnb ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production on Fri Nov 12 17:21:32 2004

Copyright (c) 1982, 2004, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options

SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
[oracle@denisnb ~]$

Stop TNS listener:

[oracle@denisnb ~]$ lsnrctl stop

[edit] Automating oracle startup and shutdown

To automatically start/shut oracle database during system startup/shutdown you need to write a script in /etc/rc.d/init.d directory. You can view or Download an example script.

Copy the script to /etc/rc.d/init.d as root user, edit environment variables to match your settings and modify its permissions:

[root@denisnb ~]# chown root.root /etc/rc.d/init.d/ora10
[root@denisnb ~]# chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/ora10

This startup/shutdown script uses chkconfig utility to simplify service management. It is configured to start oracle services in runlevels 3 and 5,with start priority 95 and stop priority 1.

Initialize new service:

[root@denisnb ~]# chkconfig ora10 reset
[root@denisnb ~]# chkconfig --list ora10
ora10            0:off   1:off   2:off    3:on    4:off    5:on    6:off

Now oracle services will be automatically started when entering runlevels 3 and 5, and shut down when entering any other runlevel. For more information on chkconfig utility refer to its man page.

To manually start/stop oracle services you can use

[root@denisnb ~]# service ora10 start

and

[root@denisnb ~]# service ora10 stop

Republished with permission from Denis Klaric. Original URL: http://staff.in2.hr/denis/oracle/10g1install_fedora3_en.html