DB Verify

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DB_VERIFY (dbv) is a utility than can be used to perform a physical structure integrity check against off-line database files.

This utility runs perfectly well against on-line files as well, however, the manual is clear that it is an off-line utility. My assumption is that it may incorrectly report blocks as bad while I/O is taken place (fractured blocks).

DBA's should use this utility frequently to identify datafiles that are corrupted. Some times the database will perform normally until you address a particular block in the datafile, which may then result in ORA-600 errors.

DB_VERIFY is useful in these situations:

  • When block corruption is expected;
  • Forecast any future problems w.r.t. database file/ block corruption;
  • When you restore files from a tape. It will help knowing if the first file pulled from tape is corrupt, instead of spending hours to extract all of them.

To access help on DB_VERIFY type:

dbv help=y


$ dbv file=/u01/oradata/o10gr2/example01.dbf
DBVERIFY: Release - Production on Sat Jul 7 11:45:52 2007
Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /u01/oradata/o10gr2/example01.dbf
DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Pages Examined         : 12800
Total Pages Processed (Data) : 4409
Total Pages Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Pages Processed (Index): 1264
Total Pages Failing   (Index): 0
Total Pages Processed (Other): 1539
Total Pages Processed (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Failing   (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Empty            : 5588
Total Pages Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Pages Influx           : 0
Highest block SCN            : 470536 (0.470536)