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Migrating Databases From NON-ASM to ASM

Mohammad taj's picture

Dear Friends,

In this article we focus on How to migrate existing database to ASM.


Step:1
Login to SYSDBA user and alter below three parameter for controlfile,datafile or FRA location with SPFILE option.

1. First need to set below parameter for controlfile,datafile or FRA.

NOTE: I have two disk group here I am using "DGRP2" disk group.

SQL> alter system set control_files='+DGRP2' scope=spfile;
System altered.
SQL> alter system set db_create_file_dest='+DGRP2' scope=spfile;
System altered.
SQL> alter system set db_recovery_file_dest='+DGRP2' scope=spfile;
System altered.


Step: 2 Restart DB server to take above parameter value.

SQL> shutdown immediate;

Database closed.

Database dismounted.

ORACLE instance shut down.

SQL> startup nomount

ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area 263639040 bytes

Fixed Size 1332552 bytes

Variable Size 218106552 bytes

Database Buffers 37748736 bytes

Redo Buffers 6451200 bytes


Step:3 Connect with RMAN session & restore controlfile on ASM system.

C:\>RMAN target=sys
Recovery Manager: Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on Thu Apr 17 10:12:53 2008
Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
target database Password:connected to target database: TEST (not mounted)


Restore Controlfile.

RMAN> restore controlfile from 'C:\app\m.taj\oradata\test\CONTROL01.ctl';
Starting restore at 17-APR-08using target database control file instead of recovery catalogallocated channel: ORA_DISK_1channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=151 device type=DISK
channel ORA_DISK_1: copied control file copyoutput file name=+DGRP2/test/controlfile/current.256.652270419Finished restore at 17-APR-08


Step:4 Mount Oracle Database and take backup of database.

RMAN> alter database mount;
database mountedreleased channel: ORA_DISK_1

RMAN> backup as copy database format '+DGRP2';


Starting backup at 17-APR-08allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=151 device type=DISKchannel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copyinput datafile file number=00001 name=C:\APP\M.TAJ\ORADATA\TEST\SYSTEM01.DBFoutput file name=+DGRP2/test/datafile/system.257.652270565 tag=TAG20080417T101550 RECID=1 STAMP=652270748channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:03:06channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copyinput datafile file number=00002 name=C:\APP\M.TAJ\ORADATA\TEST\SYSAUX01.DBFoutput file name=+DGRP2/test/datafile/sysaux.258.652270761 tag=TAG20080417T101550 RECID=2 STAMP=652270908channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:02:35channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copyinput datafile file number=00003 name=C:\APP\M.TAJ\ORADATA\TEST\UNDOTBS01.DBFoutput file name=+DGRP2/test/datafile/undotbs1.259.652270927 tag=TAG20080417T101550 RECID=3 STAMP=652270952channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:35channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copycopying current control fileoutput file name=+DGRP2/test/controlfile/backup.260.652270971 tag=TAG20080417T101550 RECID=4 STAMP=652270975channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copyinput datafile file number=00004 name=C:\APP\M.TAJ\ORADATA\TEST\USERS01.DBFoutput file name=+DGRP2/test/datafile/users.261.652270989 tag=TAG20080417T101550 RECID=5 STAMP=652270991channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backup setchannel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backup setincluding current SPFILE in backup setchannel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 17-APR-08channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 17-APR-08piece handle=+DGRP2/test/backupset/2008_04_17/nnsnf0_tag20080417t101550_0.262.652271003 tag=TAG20080417T101550 comment=NONEchannel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:00:02Finished backup at 17-APR-08


RMAN> switch database to copy;


datafile 1 switched to datafile copy "+DGRP2/test/datafile/system.257.652270565"
datafile 2 switched to datafile copy "+DGRP2/test/datafile/sysaux.258.652270761"
datafile 3 switched to datafile copy "+DGRP2/test/datafile/undotbs1.259.652270927"
datafile 4 switched to datafile copy "+DGRP2/test/datafile/users.261.652270989"


Step:5 Again connect to sqlplus session and perform incomplete recovery

C:\>sqlplus sys/oracle as sysdba
SQL*Plus: Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on Thu Apr 17 10:26:24 2008
Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to:Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.1.0.6.0 - ProductionWith the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options


SQL> recover database using backup controlfile until cancel;

ORA-00279: change 1071679 generated at 04/17/2008 10:11:10 needed for thread 1ORA-00289: suggestion : +DGRP2ORA-15173: entry 'ARCHIVELOG' does not exist in directory 'TEST'ORA-00280: change 1071679 for thread 1 is in sequence #14
Specify log: {=suggested filename AUTO CANCEL}

CANCEL

Media recovery cancelled.


Step:6 OPEN database with RESETLOGS option.

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;
Database altered.


Step:7 Drop old tempfile and create new tempfile in existing temp tablespace

SQL> alter database tempfile 'c:\app\m.taj\oradata\test\temp01.dbf' 2 drop including datafiles;
Database altered.


SQL> alter tablespace temp add tempfile size 512m 2 autoextend on next 250m maxsize unlimited;
Tablespace altered.


SQL> select tablespace_name, file_name, bytes from dba_temp_files;
TABLESPACE_NAME FILE_NAME BYTES
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ----------
TEMP +DGRP2/test/tempfile/temp.266. 536870912 652271571


Step:8 Recreate All redolog group on ASM diskgroup

SQL> select a.group#, a.member, b.bytes 

2 from v$logfile a, v$log b where a.group# = b.group#;


GROUP# MEMBER BYTES

---------- ------------------------------------ --------- 

3 C:\APP\M.TAJ\ORADATA\TEST\REDO03.LOG 52428800
2 C:\APP\M.TAJ\ORADATA\TEST\REDO02.LOG 52428800
1 C:\APP\M.TAJ\ORADATA\TEST\REDO01.LOG 52428800


SQL> select group#,status from v$log;
GROUP# STATUS

---------- ---------------- 

1 CURRENT 

2 UNUSED 

3 UNUSED


SQL> alter system switch logfile;
System altered.
SQL> alter system switch logfile;
System altered.


SQL> select group#,status from v$log;
GROUP# STATUS

---------- ---------------- 

1 ACTIVE 

2 ACTIVE 

3 CURRENT


SQL> alter database drop logfile group 1;

alter database drop logfile group 1*ERROR at line 1:ORA-01624: log 1 needed for crash recovery of instance test (thread 1)ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: 'C:\APP\M.TAJ\ORADATA\TEST\REDO01.LOG'


When you get above error message then set checkpoint with below command.

SQL> alter system checkpoint global;
System altered.
SQL> alter database drop logfile group 1;
Database altered.
SQL> alter database add logfile group 1 size 10m;
Database altered.


SQL> alter system checkpoint global;
System altered.
SQL> alter database drop logfile group 2;
Database altered.
SQL> alter database add logfile group 2 size 10m;
Database altered.


SQL> alter system checkpoint global;
System altered.
SQL> alter database drop logfile group 3;
Database altered.
SQL> alter database add logfile group 3 size 10m;
Database altered.


SQL> column member format a30

SQL> select a.group#, a.member, b.bytes 

2 from v$logfile a, v$log b where a.group# = b.group#;
GROUP# MEMBER BYTES

---------- ------------------------------ ---------- 

3 +DGRP2/test/onlinelog/group_3. 10485760 277.652273117
2 +DGRP2/test/onlinelog/group_2. 10485760 274.652273019
1 +DGRP2/test/onlinelog/group_1. 10485760 271.652272977
1 +DGRP2/test/onlinelog/group_1. 10485760 272.652272979
2 +DGRP2/test/onlinelog/group_2. 10485760 275.652273021
3 +DGRP2/test/onlinelog/group_3. 10485760 278.652273119
6 rows selected.


Step:9 Recreate SPFILE on ASM diskgroup

SQL> create pfile='c:\initTEST.ora' from spfile;
File created.
SQL> create spfile='+DGRP2/spfileTEST.ora' from pfile='c:\initTEST.ora';
File created.


7. Detele all backup copy from RMAN

RMAN> delete noprompt force copy;

http://dbataj.blogspot.com/2008/04/migrating-databases-from-non-asm-to-asm.html

Where're your disk-groups?

Very useful, thanks so much.
However, would you like to explain where are your disk-groups? By faking it with the command

--------------------------------------
C:\>asmtool create disk1
C:\>asmtool create disk2
C:\>asmtool create disk3
.......
--------------------------------------

According to Oracle's documents, the disk-groups must be not mounted in OS platform.

Thank you!

Great

Exactly what I needed, thanks this helped me greatly!

Best Regards
Neal

Superb

Thank you very much. It really helped.

Best regards.
Shrenik