Skip navigation.

Fuad Arshad

Syndicate content Some Rights Reserved
This is Just stuff i find on Oracle From various different sources or from my own personal experience I can also be found at
Updated: 14 hours 27 min ago

Exadata 12c New Features RMOUG Slides

Mon, 2015-02-23 08:33
I've finally gotten around to post my RMOUG Slide Deck on Slideshare. Hopefully this is helpful to folks looking at new features in Exadata.

Compliance and File Monitoring in EM12c

Mon, 2014-12-29 14:36
I was recently asked to help a customer set up File Monitoring in Enterprise Manager and I thought since I haven’t blogged in a while, this could be a good way to start back up again..Enterprise manager 12c provides a very nice Compliance and File Monitoring Framwork. There are many Built in Frameworks include for PCI DSS and STIG but this How-to will only focus on a custom file monitoring framework. Prior to Setting up Compliance features . Ensure that Privilege Delegation is set to sudo or whatever Privilege delegation provider you are using.  and Credentials for Realtime Monitoring are setup for hosts. All the Prereqs are explained here important in the above link is how every OS interacts with these features.

Go To Enterprise -→ Compliance → Library
Create a New Compliance Standard

Name and Describe the Framework

You will see  the Framework Created

Now lets add some Facets to monitor > In this example I selected a tnsnames from my rdbms home

Below is a finished facet

Next lets create a rule that uses that facet
After Selecting the right rule lets Add more color
Lets add the facet that defined what file(s) will be monitored
For this example I will select all aspects  for testing but ensure that you have sized your respository as well as understand all the consequences  for each aspectRead thru the Additional Setup for RTM

After defining the monitoring actions, you have the option to filtor and create monitoring rules based on specific events.I will skip this for nowAs we inch towards the end we can authorize changes and each event manually or incorporate a Change Management System that has a connector available in EM12c.
After We have completed this, we now have an opportunity to review the setting and then make this rule production.Now lets create a Standard. We are creating a custom File Monitoring Standard With a RTM type Standard Applicable to host
We will add rules to the File Monitor . In this Case we will add the tnsnames rule we created to the Standard. You can add standard as well as rules to a Standard
Next Lets Associate Targets to this Standard. You will be asked to confirm
Optionally now  you can add this to the compliance framework for one stop monitoring
Now that we have set everything up. Lets Test this. Here is the original tnsnames.oraLets add another tns entry
Prior to the change . here is that the Compliance Results Page Looks Like. As you can see the evaluation was successful. And we are 100% compliancet

Now  If If go to Compliance -> Real time observations . I can see that I didn’t install the Kernel module needed for granular control and this cannot use certain functionality
So I’m going to remove these from my rule for now. Now I have made a whole bunch of changes including even moving the file. It is all captured .
There are many changes here and we can actually compare what changedIf you select unauthorized as the audited event  for the change the compliance score drops and you can use it for see how many violations for a given rule happen.
In Summary. Em12c Provides a very robust framework of monitoring compliance standards as well as custom created frameworks to ensure your auditors and IT Managers are happy.