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Re: Does Codd's view of a relational database differ from that ofDate&Darwin?[M.Gittens]

From: VC <>
Date: Wed, 22 Jun 2005 19:57:45 -0400
Message-ID: <>

"Jan Hidders" <> wrote in message news:UGiue.127257$
> vc wrote:

>> But let's not sidetrack to XQuery, rather tell me what 'print' is in
>> Daplex without drawing analogies with XQuery. Just give a definition
>> if you please.
> The identity function. The print is only there to indicate that you
> produce a value, so you can simply translate it to the expression that
> produces that value if you makes sure that they are concatenated for each
> value that you iterate over.

I do not understand this. I tried different interpretation but none fits. The closest translation might be:

"' for each' denotes a list comprehension; 'print' is a monadic unit (identity ?) presumably applied to the constructed list. Is that so ? Or you meant something different by 'identity' ?

>And that's of course exactly what list comprehension does.

List comprehension does nothing of the kind. LC is just a shorthand for constructing lists and can easily be replaced with a combination of 'map', 'filter' and 'concat'. E.g.:
given L= [1,2,3], [ 2*x | x <- L ] will produce [2,4,6]. That's all.

>> More importantly, you admit implicitely that the 'for' ... 'print'
>> fragment is indeed imperative by appealing to the monad notion which is
>> used in pure functional languages in order to encapsulate non-pure side
>> effects, states, IO and such.
> Yes, but I don't need all that. Just list or set comprehension will do.

What's that supposed to mean ? How can list construction or set construction ( e.g. S = {x is_element_of N| x mod 2= }) be useful for understanding what 'print' in the Daplex fragment means ?

>> PROJECTION(SELECTION(person, city='London'), name, age).
>> It may be more natural for some to think about the expression in an
>> imperative way (I cannot imagine why though) although its declarative
>> interpretation as a composition of two functions is trivial.
> Sure. And the same exists for some list-comprehension calculi. Just look
> in the NRA/NRC literature I already pointed you to.

What's 'list-comprehension calculus' other than a list constructor ?

But, let's postpone the LC calculus and resolve simpler matters, like what precisely 'print' is and why it is not imperative(having side effects).

> -- Jan Hidders
Received on Wed Jun 22 2005 - 18:57:45 CDT

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