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Re: Array selection and update.

From: Dhana <dhanasekar.p_at_db.com>
Date: 29 Apr 2004 19:16:36 -0700
Message-ID: <b66d8bd5.0404291816.6c5d83c6@posting.google.com>


Hi,

Pls refere "Taking Advantage of Bulk Binds" chapter of PL/SQL User's Guide and Reference Release 8.1.X for more deatails.  

How Do Bulk Binds Improve Performance?



The assigning of values to PL/SQL variables in SQL statements is called binding. The binding of an entire collection at once is called bulk binding. Bulk binds improve performance by minimizing the number of context switches between the PL/SQL and SQL engines. With bulk binds, entire collections, not just individual elements, are passed back and forth. For example, the following DELETE statement is sent to the SQL engine just once, with an entire nested table:

DECLARE
   TYPE NumList IS TABLE OF NUMBER;
   mgrs NumList := NumList(7566, 7782, ...); -- manager numbers BEGIN
   ...
   FORALL i IN mgrs.FIRST..mgrs.LAST

      DELETE FROM emp WHERE mgr = mgrs(i); END; In the example below, 5000 part numbers and names are loaded into index-by tables. Then, all table elements are inserted into a database table twice. First, they are inserted using a FOR loop, which completes in 38 seconds. Then, they are bulk-inserted using a FORALL statement, which completes in only 3 seconds.

SQL> SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
SQL> CREATE TABLE parts (pnum NUMBER(4), pname CHAR(15));

Table created.

SQL> GET test.sql
  1 DECLARE

  2     TYPE NumTab IS TABLE OF NUMBER(4) INDEX BY BINARY_INTEGER;
  3     TYPE NameTab IS TABLE OF CHAR(15) INDEX BY BINARY_INTEGER;
  4     pnums  NumTab;
  5     pnames NameTab;
  6     t1 CHAR(5);
  7     t2 CHAR(5);
  8     t3 CHAR(5);
  9     PROCEDURE get_time (t OUT NUMBER) IS
10     BEGIN SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'SSSSS') INTO t FROM dual; END;
11  BEGIN
12     FOR j IN 1..5000 LOOP  -- load index-by tables
13        pnums(j) := j;
14        pnames(j) := 'Part No. ' || TO_CHAR(j); 15     END LOOP;
16     get_time(t1);
17     FOR i IN 1..5000 LOOP  -- use FOR loop
18        INSERT INTO parts VALUES (pnums(i), pnames(i));
19     END LOOP;
20     get_time(t2);
21     FORALL i IN 1..5000  -- use FORALL statement
22        INSERT INTO parts VALUES (pnums(i), pnames(i));
23     get_time(t3);
24     DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Execution Time (secs)');
25     DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('---------------------');
26     DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('FOR loop: ' || TO_CHAR(t2 - t1));
27     DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('FORALL:   ' || TO_CHAR(t3 - t2));
28* END;
SQL> /
Execution Time (secs)

FOR loop: 38
FORALL: 3 PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

To bulk-bind input collections, use the FORALL statement. To bulk-bind output collections, use the BULK COLLECT clause.

Cheers!
Dhana

farmer_at_netnet.net (Mark A Framness) wrote in message news:<8168768c.0404291411.31ac17f2_at_posting.google.com>...
> Greetings,
>
> I am working on a project and we need to write a conversion script to
> initialize a new field on a table. The number of records on this table
> is on the order of millions so routine selection and update takes a
> long time.
>
> I am tasked with writing a pl/sql proc that utilizes array processing
> to update the column.
>
> Since all of the fields I am going to update are null, does it pay to
> create a array-based select prior to updating? I was thinking of
> array-selecting and then array updating 5000 at a crack. Or should I
> just write a single update statement? Does the former approach (think
> F-former F-first) perhaps give us the ability to commit where the
> later (l-later l-last) does not?
>
> What I have tried to do is bulk select the key fields into appropriate
> arrays, I then bind those arrays to the update fields. Then I call the
> update statement. These steps are performed in a while loop until the
> number of records retrieved is less than the the max number to
> fetch/pass.
>
> If you have a small little example of what I am trying to do, please
> post it.
>
> Thank You
> }\/{ark
Received on Thu Apr 29 2004 - 21:16:36 CDT

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