Re: How many is too many
Date: Fri, 12 Aug 2011 10:29:56 -0700
Using PX with an index FFS could be a viable solution for a "skinny" table scan. The big problem that I've seen is when its not a multi-block read FFS, it's index -> table by rowid, which results in single block reads and that is very inefficient for a large amount of rows/data via direct path reads from disk.
Sure - I'm still buying beers. [?][?][?][?][?][?]
On Fri, Aug 12, 2011 at 9:48 AM, Kevin Closson <ora_kclosson_at_yahoo.com>wrote:
> What about parallel execution + index scan? If a query only needs 12 of
> 100 columns then it's sort of columnar in that case.
> I do, of course, agree on the damage to load times but it is conceivable
> that drop, load, index could be possible particularly when one knows
> We shouldn't forget that Oracle had the market share of DW before Exadata.
> Someone, somewhere worked out how to get indexes to work for DW. I agree
> that most people usually get it wrong though and I agree that working out
> I/O is a smart thing to do. Most of us still Party Like It's 1999 thinking
> that high-performance, high-bandwidth I/O is some holy grail never to be
> A single 3.5" 15K RPM SAS/FC drive can produce 200+ MB/s streaming. Start
> there, add drives and scale the plumbing. It's not rocket science.
> P.S., Are you still buying the beer next time Greg? :-)
> *From:* Greg Rahn <greg_at_structureddata.org>
> *To:* oracle-l_at_freelists.org
> *Sent:* Thursday, August 11, 2011 10:47 PM
> *Subject:* Re: How many is too many
> For OLTP, adding indexes is a known quantity (in general). There is a
> known and finite number of queries so adding indexes is about limiting the
> number of blocks visited.
> For DW, adding indexes in this manner (12 indexes on a table, etc.), is the
> beginning of the end. Data loads suffer and since query workloads are
> frequently unknown (ad-hoc), DBAs often misapply OLTP techniques - adding
> indexes for each problem query they see. Seems people forget why databases
> have indexes -- as a manner to efficiently access *a small number of rows.
> * When indexes are used as a means to reduce IO, it is then being
> mis-applied because the platform is not appropriately sized and/or correct
> DW technologies are not being applied (e.g. parallel execution + table
> scans) for *a large number of rows* problem.
> In any case, one has to start asking what good reasoning there is for 12
> indexes. That just shouts bad design and/or inappropriate
> tuning methodologies. Start asking why 5 times<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5_Whys>
> On Thu, Aug 11, 2011 at 8:14 PM, Ram Raman <veeeraman_at_gmail.com> wrote:
> Rule of thumb! Thanks for the response Greg. Does this apply to Data
> warehouse or OLTP applications or both?
> On Thu, Aug 11, 2011 at 7:03 PM, Greg Rahn <greg_at_structureddata.org>wrote:
> Sounds like the "index death spiral" to me.
> My simple sanity check: when the total number of columns indexed is
> greater than the number of columns in the table, there is likely a design or
> tuning problem. Often times, even before then...
> Greg Rahn
-- Regards, Greg Rahn http://structureddata.orgReceived on Fri Aug 12 2011 - 12:29:56 CDT