Re: Solaris 10 and Oracle 10g - swap space problem

From: David Miller <David.J.Miller_at_Sun.COM>
Date: Wed, 29 Jul 2009 08:47:43 -0500
Message-id: <4A7052FF.6050701_at_Sun.COM>



Hi Jon,

I suspect you are using DISM instead of ISM for the shared memory segments. DISM is backed by SWAP space while ISM is not. You can check this by doing "pmap -xs PID" for some PID of some Oracle process (like lgwr). For the shared segments, it will have either "ISM" or "DISM" on the right indicating the type of memory. If it's DISM, that's why SWAP is used.

As someone else mentioned, this will happen if you set "sga_max_size" to a larger value than the static allocations + db_block_buffers.

There's a brief discussion of DISM at:
http://www.solarisinternals.com/wiki/index.php/Dynamic_ISM

And again as someone else said, it just allocates the space in SWAP but should never use it (unless you come under severe memory pressure at some point).

Regards,

Dave Miller

Crisler, Jon wrote, On 07/28/09 18:31:
> On Solaris 10, when I start my databases, I see my swap space usage
> increase in a one for one ratio with memory utilization. System has
> 64gb of memory. If I start up a 4gb database, I see 4gb of real memory
> used and 4gb of swap space used up as well (as shown by top, swap l,
> swap s etc.). This is purely a Oracle database server, and
> /etc/system and projects / resource controls seem to be set up, so I do
> not understand why swap is being touched. If I stop all oracle
> processes, swap drops down to about 100 Mb used.
>
>
>
> I have taken great pains to make sure that NO swap is being used, yet
> any little allocation of Oracle gets tossed into swap. I dont know
> where to look after this- I would have suspected /etc/system or resource
> control / projects to be at fault, or /etc/security (ulimits) but
> everything looks ok. The system has 64g real, and about 54 gb swap-
> if I get close to 54gb memory allocated oracle will return out of memory
> errors.. Needless to say the system crawls.
>
>
>
> What am I overlooking ? TOP and swap s / swap l agree so its not a
> TOP anomaly
>
>
>
> Example from TOP I have 20g free, so why so much used in swap ?
>
>
>
> load averages: 0.64, 0.57,
> 0.46
> 00:26:34
>
> 1073 processes:1071 sleeping, 2 on cpu
>
> CPU states: 98.3% idle, 1.2% user, 0.5% kernel, 0.0% iowait, 0.0% swap
>
> Memory: 64G real, 20G free, 40G swap in use, 17G swap free
>
>
>
> PID USERNAME LWP PRI NICE SIZE RES STATE TIME CPU COMMAND
>
> 1997 oracle 1 39 0 4376K 2592K cpu/50 0:02 0.04% top
>
> 3454 oracle 1 52 0 16G 16G cpu/32 0:00 0.03% oracle
>
> 3456 oracle 1 24 0 16G 16G sleep 0:00 0.03% oracle
>
> 18589 oracle 1 59 0 16G 16G sleep 0:13 0.02% oracle
>
>
>
> Swap s
>
> total: 39170184k bytes allocated + 2262264k reserved = 41432448k used,
> 18017608k available
>

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Received on Wed Jul 29 2009 - 08:47:43 CDT

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