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Fwd: Looking for help.

From: Jonathan Gennick <>
Date: Wed, 12 Nov 2003 05:34:24 -0800
Message-ID: <>

I don't usually forward my reader email to the list, but the question below strikes me as rather interesting. In this case, SQL*Loader appears to be causing all SQL statements that refer to the table being loaded to be invalidated. Is this normal behavior? Does anyone know why it might be the case?


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Jonathan Gennick --- Brighten the corner where you are * 906.387.1698 *

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Wednesday, November 12, 2003, 1:07:41 AM, ( wrote: Hi Jonathan,

I was unable to find the answers from your book "SQL*Loader: The Definitive Guide" and the web. I am running out of sources. I hope you can help me with the following questions.

We are using Oracle 9i sqlldr, direct path to load data from external files into staging tables. After data is loaded, we invoked stored procedures to transform data and move them to the target tables. The steps are: 1. delete all entries from 20 staging tables 2. invoke "sqlldr userid=dbimpl/dbimpl control=<controlFile> direct=true" to load data to all 20 staging tables
3. invoke stored procedures to transform data from the staging tables to the final tables. Currently these stored procedures are standalone. 4. invoke stored procedures to remove out-of-date entries from the final tables.

I monitor invalidations column in v$sqlarea. Every time after sqlldr is invoked for data loading (step 2), all the sql statements that reference the staging tables are invalidated, including "delete from <stageing_table>" sql statement. I setup a test and used a java program to loop steps 1-4 every ~2 minutes. There were no other activities in the database except data loading and transformation. After a couple days, I got the following error: ORA-04031: unable to allocate 4212 bytes of shared memory ("shared pool","unknown object","sga heap(1,0)","stat array mem")

The questions are:
1. Do we need to delete entries in the staging table prior to loading. Will sqlldr remove the entires in the staging table first prior to loading? 2. There are no changes in the stored procedures, how / why sqlldr would invalidate the sql statement in the stored procedures? 3. The error ORA-04031 in this case, is it due to shared memory fragmentation? I suspect that the culprint is invalidations. How do invalidations cause shared memory fragmentation?

I would appreciate if you can send me some pointers or suggestions.



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Author: Jonathan Gennick

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