Oracle FAQ Your Portal to the Oracle Knowledge Grid

Home -> Community -> Mailing Lists -> Oracle-L -> Re: How to organize oracle directories in Unix ?

Re: How to organize oracle directories in Unix ?

From: Steven Lembark <>
Date: Sun, 09 Sep 2001 10:44:03 -0700
Message-ID: <>

> It isn't mount points that matter for I/O contention, it is spindles and
> channels - the physical disk layout. If this is one set of disks used in
> one large RAID-5 setup, then creating multiple mount points for logical
> volumes created on top of it will do nothing to reduce I/O contention.
> To balance out I/O, you MUST know the physical layout underneath the
> logical volumes and balance the I/O against that.

Actually, you can help balance things a bit with careful LVM management. There is caching and I/O optimization going on at that level also. For example, you may have two RAID5 stripes (PV's) combined into the same volume (VG). By specifying which of the PV's your LV's are created/ extended onto you can at least partially balance the load. There is obviously no benefit to multiple mounts for a single LV, but you can get some improvement by creating multiple LV's within the VG (which then do require separate mount points unless you're using raw I/O).

You can do some of this without even knowing the physical layout of the spindles -- though that obviously helps. Knowing which PV's (e.g., RAID5 groupings or mirror sets) are aviailable goes a long way to balancing the load.

Main problem I've found is the absolute lack of shell tools for looking at how the I/O load maps at the spindle level. At that point all you have are the PV's reported by iostat & friends. Unless you know how the LV's were laid out it leaves you with little idea as to how the filesystem maps onto the load.

Steven Lembark                                               2930 W. Palmer
Workhorse Computing                                       Chicago, IL 60647
                                                            +1 800 762 1582
Please see the official ORACLE-L FAQ:
Author: Steven Lembark

Fat City Network Services    -- (858) 538-5051  FAX: (858) 538-5051
San Diego, California        -- Public Internet access / Mailing Lists
To REMOVE yourself from this mailing list, send an E-Mail message
to: (note EXACT spelling of 'ListGuru') and in
the message BODY, include a line containing: UNSUB ORACLE-L
(or the name of mailing list you want to be removed from).  You may
also send the HELP command for other information (like subscribing).
Received on Sun Sep 09 2001 - 12:44:03 CDT

Original text of this message