SQL & PL/SQL

SQL and PL/SQL Articles

Oracle Z to A -- I N

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Oracle Database A to Z question and answers and
very importantly the Experiences also you can share here...

The Blog is for Both the beginners and as well as experienced people to discuss and gain knowledge in Oracle.

Here we are going to share every thing about Oracle....

And Simply saying, we will only work on oracle related but nothing else here....

We will Eat Oracle, Drink Oracle and Walk Oracle

Diff B/W Truncate & Delete

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Delete
1.DML data can be recovered by rollback before commit
2.Remove any subset of data
3.Delete is slower when table have numerous indexes and triggers
4.DML triggers fire for delete mthod
5.data can be recovered after commit by flashback method
6.high water mark will remain the same
7.data deleted info capture with returning clause
8. you can not delete data if function based index is invalid
9. can not delete data from complex views.
10. Space is not freed

What data type should I use: CHAR or VARCHAR2???

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Hi,

We all know that CHAR and VARCHAR2 are two different datatypes used for storing strings in Oracle. When I asked many people about what’s the difference exactly, all were saying VARCHAR2 can be used for variable sized character strings. As I’m not satesfied with the answer, as always, I’ve decided to do my own experiments on these two. Please find the exercise I’ve performed below.

SQL> create table t1 (col1 char(10), col2 varchar2(10));

Table created.

SQL> insert into t1 values(‘Oracle’,'Oracle’);

1 row created.

Impact on Packages - Assign permissions directly vs Assign permission via Roles

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Document depicts how Roles and Privileges behave for Packages

DB Version: 10.2.0.4

Users: TESTUSR (Table Owner)
TESTUSR_PKG (Package Onwer)
TESTUSR_APP (Application Owner)

Roles: TESTUSR_APP_ROLE
TESTUSR_PKG_ROLE

Table: TEST_TBL
Package: TEST_PKG

Table Text:
create table test_tbl(a number);

Please use ANSI join syntax

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The old Oracle join syntax really should be consigned to history.

Script to find Oracle database performance

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This single script provides the overall picture of the database in terms of Waits events, Active/Inactive killed sessions, Top Processes (physical I/O, logical I/O, memory and CPU processes), Top CPU usage by users, etc.

dwaipayan1986's picture

DBMS_FGA - Oracle Fine Grained Auditing

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Suppose your boss calls you one day and tells you that there has been some unexpected changes in the employee database.Employee's designation, their salary are being manipulated illegally.Such things have been continuing from a past few days and he asks if you could help getting hold of the culprit.
Don't worry Oracle's DBMS_FGA package will save your day and earn you a raise in your job.

The Oracle DBMS_FGA package provides fine grained auditing on objects.

To have an overview of the summary of dbms_fga subprograms visit :

8 Bulk Update Methods Compared

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What I love about writing SQL Tuning articles is that I very rarely end up publishing the findings I set out to achieve. With this one, I set out to demonstrate the advantages of PARALLEL DML, didn't find what I thought I would, and ended up testing 8 different techniques to find out how they differed. And guess what? I still didn't get the results I expected. Hey, at least I learned something.

As an ETL designer, I hate updates. They are just plain nasty. I spend an inordinate proportion of design time of an ETL system worrying about the relative proportion of rows inserted vs updated. I worry about how ETL tools apply updates (did you know DataStage applys updates singly, but batches inserts in arrays?), how I might cluster rows together that are subject to updates, and what I might do if I just get too many updates to handle.

It would be fair to say I obsess about them. A little bit.

shouvikb's picture

Oracle Rules Manager by example

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Simple introduction to Oracle Database 11g Rules Manager using good old EMP table.

This Article introduces Oracle Rules Manager in a series of simple examples with imaginary cases on the EMP table. This article is an overview of the possibilities of Oracle Rule Manager for a traditional Oracle Architect who has never thought of a Rule based approach. It will also be informative to communities working actively with other Rule Engines, who never considered the Oracle Rule Manager.

Tuning Goldilocks SQL

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Tuning Goldilocks SQL

... then Goldilocks went into the bears' Data Centre and there were 3 Oracle databases. The first was a Data Warehouse. Goldilocks checked the AWR, but all the SQLs were to-o-o-o-o-o-o-o big; they all used full scans, hash joins, bitmap-index combining, partition pruning and parallelism and couldn't be tuned any more. So Goldilocks went to the second Oracle database. It was an OLTP system with hundreds of concurrent users. Goldilocks fired up SQL Tuning Advisor, but all the SQLs were to-o-o-o-o-o-o-o small; they used unique index scans and cluster-joins and couldn't be tuned any more. So Goldilocks went to the third Oracle database. It was an Operational Data Store with a rolling 3 month retention. Goldilocks found SQLs that were joining a million rows with Nested Loops joins, buffer cache hit ratios of 50%, and under-utilised disk. She smiled, opened up Tom Kyte's Expert Oracle eBook on her second monitor and got to work. This database was ju-u-u-u-u-u-u-u-st right ...

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