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SQL Tuning advisor from SQL Developer throws ORA-00942 table or view does not exist error

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2017-03-03 05:26
Hi Tom, I tried to execute SQL tuning advisor for an sql id from back end (PUTTY session). It was keep on executing and never completing. Command: EXEC DBMS_SQLTUNE.execute_tuning_task(task_name => 'g49yug9c4aar1_tuning'); I created a tunin...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Update parallelization

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2017-03-03 05:26
I need to do a heavy operation on each row of a big table. In order by paralelize this work I've created a table taking the rowid(C1) from the original table and adding a numeric field 'C2'. If C2=0 this row has not been proccessed and if 2C=1, th...
Categories: DBA Blogs

dynamically assign a collection value to variable

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2017-03-03 05:26
emp table create table emp(empno number,ename,varchar2(30),sal number deptno number); dept table create table dept(deptno number,deptname,varchar2(30); declare type ty_test(emp emp%rowtype,dept dept%rowtype); type ty_table is table of ty_tes...
Categories: DBA Blogs

users and security

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2017-03-03 05:26
i have create the one test user with default tablespace users, now i need to access to test user to access the other schema such as hr, and test user able to create the table in hr schema as well, how to solve this issue??
Categories: DBA Blogs

Protection from database server crashes using DB_ULTRA_SAFE

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2017-03-03 05:26
Good Morning, In the last four years, all of our block corruptions have occurred after the database server has crashes. In total, this has occurred three times, we have about 12 prod databases and each database has experienced about 4 crashes eac...
Categories: DBA Blogs

How to get SQL text for session blocked and which session blocked it

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2017-03-03 05:26
I tried finding out ways to get SQL text for blocked and blocker session's sql. I am not able to get to it. V$SESSION contains either currently executing SQL ID or previous one only. But the session for which the other session is blocked may issue mu...
Categories: DBA Blogs

DB 12.2 online table move with TDE

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2017-03-03 05:26
With 12.2 out and it's new online move feature, is it supported to do an online move of a table from an un-encrypted table space to an encrypted table space?
Categories: DBA Blogs

dbmssml.sql dbca error during container & pluggable database creation

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2017-03-03 05:26
Hi Tom, Dear Tom. As per my correspondence to you at 12:19 p.m. est. please see attached screenshots of the Oracle 12c install error. Please see the following error file pics for the Oracle 12c database install on Window...
Categories: DBA Blogs

How do I access data from a Foxpro(6.0) database

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2017-03-03 05:26
Dear Sir, How do I access data from a Foxpro(6.0) database from Oracle 11g in Linux platform? I have already installed oracle Gateway, but still I need a Linux 64bit ODBC driver for FoxPro. I have tried accessing your old posts but failed (http://...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Oracle 12c – Is VKTM always your top process?

Yann Neuhaus - Fri, 2017-03-03 05:16

If VKTM is always your top cpu consuming process, then this blog might be something for you. Especially in virtual environments, I have seen often the VKTM process as the top process, even if the VM was idle. So, I am burning CPU without any obvious benefit. So what is the reason for the high CPU consumption? Well … it can a combination of many things like not correctly working NTP, missing VMware Tools, but for and foremost Oracle Bugs. I really don’t know why, but quite a lot of issues have been raised regarding the VKTM process, like the following.

  • Bug 20693049 – 12C VKTM CONSUMING MORE CPU THAN IN 11GR2

If you search around in MOS, you probably find even more. Usually VKTM and VKRM issues come together, at least when you are using the resource manager. The VTKM is the Virtual Keeper of Time Process. The VKTM acts as a time publisher for an Oracle instance.  VKTM publishes two sets of time: a wall clock time using a seconds interval and a higher resolution time (which is not wall clock time) for interval measurements.  The VKTM process is a process that is available in ASM instances and RDBMS instances. So if you see issues with VKTM process, it usually popps up on both. VKTM usage is affected mainly by two hidden parameters _timer_precision and _disable_highres_ticks. So, tuning these parameters can bring down VKTM CPU consumption.

The VKRM process is the Virtual Scheduler for Resource Manager Process, and it serves as centralized scheduler for Resource Manager activity. As there is no resource manager on a ASM instance, you will see this process only on RDBMS instances.

Ok .. my test environment is OEL 6.8 with ASM and a database on a virtual guest. To be more precise, it is a Database with PSU and Grid Infrastructure PSU The patch level plays a quite important role. For 11gR2 database, you might need patch 20531619.

So let’s start fixing the ASM VKTM issue first. It warns me all the time, that is has detected a time drift.

$ cat alert_+ASM.log | grep -i "Warning: VKTM detected a time drift."
Warning: VKTM detected a time drift.
Warning: VKTM detected a time drift.
Warning: VKTM detected a time drift.
Warning: VKTM detected a time drift.
Warning: VKTM detected a time drift.
Warning: VKTM detected a time drift.

Before continuing, it is important that you really don’t have a time drift. On VMware, you might want to consult the following knowledge base article and the time keeping pdf. Both are very good resources. KB Article: 1006427 Timekeeping best practices for Linux guests and http://www.vmware.com/content/dam/digitalmarketing/vmware/en/pdf/techpaper/Timekeeping-In-VirtualMachines.pdf

Next, check that your ntp is in sync.

$ ntpq -p
     remote           refid      st t when poll reach   delay   offset  jitter
+aquila.init7.ne     2 u   16   64  377   16.375   25.656   3.873
*ntp0.as34288.ne     2 u   17   64  377   12.987   27.874   4.045

If your ntp is not in sync, you should stop already here, and correct it. Because in that case, the warning message from Oracle is correct, that VKTM has detected a time drift. Ok. Let’s continue with checking the ASM instance. The ASM defaults regarding VKTM are the following:

Parameter                           Session_Value  Instance_Value Description
----------------------------------- -------------- -------------- --------------------------------------------
_disable_highres_ticks              FALSE          FALSE          disable high-res tick counter
_high_priority_processes            LMS*           LMS*           High Priority Process Name Mask
_highest_priority_processes         VKTM           VKTM           Highest Priority Process Name Mask
_timer_precision                    10             10             VKTM timer precision in milli-sec
_vkrm_schedule_interval             10             10             VKRM scheduling interval
_vktm_assert_thresh                 30             30             soft assert threshold VKTM timer drift

Because I don’t need high resolution ticks on my ASM instance, I am going to disable it, and besides that I am going to disable the excessiv trace by the VKTM process which is done with the 10795 event.

SQL> alter system set "_disable_highres_ticks"=true scope=spfile;

System altered.

SQL> alter system set event="10795 trace name context forever, level 2" scope=spfile;

System altered.

Unfortunately, these changes can’t be done online, and so I have to bounce my ASM instance.

$ srvctl stop asm -f
$ srvctl start asm

My alert.log does not report time drift issues anymore and the VKTM process from my ASM instance  disappeared  from my top process list. As soon as the ASM VKTM process went away, the one from the database popped up. :-)

oracle@oel001:/home/oracle/ [OCM121] top -c
top - 11:17:18 up  1:21,  2 users,  load average: 0.69, 0.77, 0.98
Tasks: 229 total,   2 running, 227 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie
Cpu(s):  0.7%us,  0.4%sy,  0.0%ni, 98.9%id,  0.0%wa,  0.0%hi,  0.0%si,  0.0%st
Mem:  10021556k total,  3816024k used,  6205532k free,   209916k buffers
Swap:  6160380k total,        0k used,  6160380k free,   672856k cached

 5696 oracle    -2   0 1880m  46m  44m S 22.7  0.5   0:23.49 ora_vktm_OCM121

Ok. Let’s fix that one as well. The RDBMS defaults regarding VKTM with are the same as with ASM.

Parameter                           Session_Value  Instance_Value Description
----------------------------------- -------------- -------------- --------------------------------------------
_disable_highres_ticks              FALSE          FALSE          disable high-res tick counter
_high_priority_processes            LMS*           LMS*           High Priority Process Name Mask
_highest_priority_processes         VKTM           VKTM           Highest Priority Process Name Mask
_timer_precision                    10             10             VKTM timer precision in milli-sec
_vkrm_schedule_interval             10             10             VKRM scheduling interval
_vktm_assert_thresh                 30             30             soft assert threshold VKTM timer drift

Without any changes, the tracing for the VKTM and VKRM background processes are enabled, and quite a lot  of information go into these trace files.

Tracing for the VKRM process can be disabled via the following event:

alter system set events '10720 trace name context forever, level 0x10000000';

Tracing for the VKRM process can be disabled via the following event:

alter system set events '10795 trace name context forever, level 2';

Because I don’t need any of those, I am going to disable both in one shot.

SQL> alter system set event='10720 trace name context forever, level 0x10000000','10795 trace name context forever, level 2' comment='Turn off VKRM tracing and turn off VKTM tracing' scope=spfile;

System altered.

And like on the ASM instance, I don’t need the high-resolution ticks here as well.

SQL> alter system set "_disable_highres_ticks"=true scope=spfile;

System altered.

After the restart of the database, the extensive traceing and cpu usage went away.

oracle@oel001:/home/oracle/ [OCM121] srvctl stop database -d OCM121
oracle@oel001:/home/oracle/ [OCM121] srvctl start database -d OCM121

I am not seeing the VKTM process in my top processes anymore. Beforehand, even on an idle system, the VKTM from the ASM and the one from the RDBMS instance have always been at the top.

oracle@oel001:/home/oracle/ [OCM121] top -c
top - 11:29:06 up  1:33,  2 users,  load average: 0.19, 0.69, 0.69
Tasks: 233 total,   2 running, 231 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie
Cpu(s):  0.8%us,  0.5%sy,  0.0%ni, 98.7%id,  0.1%wa,  0.0%hi,  0.0%si,  0.0%st
Mem:  10021556k total,  3839340k used,  6182216k free,   211884k buffers
Swap:  6160380k total,        0k used,  6160380k free,   686380k cached

 3643 grid      20   0 1559m  84m  39m S  1.3  0.9   0:55.64 /u00/app/grid/
 3660 grid      20   0  329m  28m  22m S  1.0  0.3   0:28.15 /u00/app/grid/
 3517 grid      20   0 1507m  69m  48m S  0.7  0.7   0:34.74 /u00/app/grid/ reboot
 3738 grid      20   0  262m  26m  21m S  0.7  0.3   0:28.03 /u00/app/grid/ -o /u00/app/grid/12.1
 3757 grid      20   0  791m  32m  23m S  0.7  0.3   0:31.30 /u00/app/grid/

Especially in virtual environment I have seen often a quite high cpu usage by the VKTM process, so take care that your time keeping via NTP is setup correctly. After NTP is running smoothly, you might want to disable the high-resolution ticks and disable the extensive tracing by the VKTM and VKRM processes. Obviously, this is not a general recommendation. You should test it yourself.


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ORA-00907: missing right parenthesis Solution

Complete IT Professional - Fri, 2017-03-03 05:00
Did you get an ORA-00907: missing right parenthesis error? Learn what caused it and how to resolve it in this article. ORA-00907 Cause When working with Oracle SQL, all left parenthesis (the “(” character) must be paired with a right parenthesis character (the “)” character). If there are more left parentheses than right parentheses, then […]
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Categories: DBA Blogs

What's in Oracle Database 12c Release 2 for Java & JavaScript Developers?

Kuassi Mensah - Thu, 2017-03-02 19:53
Here is the summary of New Java & JavaScript Features in Oracle Database 12c Release 2 on Cloud and on-Premise

  • Java 8: Java 8 in JDBC/UCP and OJVM; JDBC 4.2
  • JavaScript with Nashorn: JDBC/UCP, OJVM
  • Performance: JIT (OJVM), Network Compression over WAN (JDBC), Configurable connection health check frequency (UCP), PL/SQL Callback interface (JDBC)
  • Scalability: Shared Pool for Multi-Tenant Database (UCP), Shared Pool for Sharded database (UCP), Sharding Key APIs (JDBC, UCP), DRCP Proxy session sharing, DRCP support for  multiple labels
  • High-Availability: Java APIs for FAN events (SimpleFan.jar), Planned Maintenance in the driver (JDBC), Application Continuity for XA Datasources, Transaction Guard for XA Datasource
  • Security: SSL v1.2 / TLS v 1.2 (JDBC)
  • Manageability: XMLconfiguration (UCP), Enable/disable/suspend/resume feature level logging (JDBC), MAX_THINK_TIME for Transactions in progress (DRCP), new statistics view and AWR reports  
  • Ease of Use : Web Services Callout (OJCM), Long Identifiers (OJVM), PL/SQL Boolean (JDBC), Debugger for OJVM (Java Debug Wire Protocol)
See our latest white paper for more details.

Oracle Database HA and DR Cloud

The Database High Availability and Disaster Recovery needs of customers traditionally have required significant capital investment in the infrastructure that provides the redundant capabilities that...

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Categories: DBA Blogs

12cR2 new features for Developers and DBAs - Here is my pick (Part 1)

Syed Jaffar - Thu, 2017-03-02 14:07
Since the announcement of 12cR2 on-premises availability, the Oracle community become energetic and busy tweeting/blogging the new features, demonstrating installation & upgrades. Hence, I have decided to pick my favorite list of 12cR2 new features for Developers and & DBAs. Here is the high-level summary, until I write a detailed post for each feature (excerpt from Oracle 12cR2 new features document).
Command history for SQL * Plus: Pre 12cR2, this could be achieved through a workaround, now, the history command would do the magic for you.
Materialized Views: Real-Time Materialized Views: Materialized views can be used for query rewrite even if they are not fully synchronized with the base tables and are considered stale. Using materialized view logs for delta computation together with the stale materialized view, the database can compute the query and return correct results in real time.
For materialized views that can be used for query rewrite all of the time, with the accurate result being computed in real time, the result is optimized and fast query processing for best performance. This alleviates the stringent requirement of always having to have fresh materialized views for the best performance.
Materialized Views: Statement-Level Refresh: In addition to ON COMMIT and ON DEMAND refresh, the materialized join views can be refreshed when a DML operation takes place, without the need to commit such a transaction. This is predominantly relevant for star schema deployments.
The new ON STATEMENT refresh capability provides more flexibility to the application developers to take advantage of the materialized view rewrite, especially for complex transactions involving multiple DML statements. It offers built-in refresh capabilities that can replace customer-written trigger-based solutions, simplifying an application while offering higher performance.
Oracle Data Guard Database Compare: This new tool compares data blocks stored in an Oracle Data Guard primary database and its physical standby databases. Use this tool to find disk errors (such as lost write) that cannot be detected by other tools like the DBVERIFY utility.
Subset Standby: A subset standby enables users of Oracle Multitenant to designate a subset of the pluggable databases (PDBs) in a multitenant container database (CDB) for replication to a standby database. 
Automatically Synchronize Password Files in Oracle Data Guard Configurations: This feature automatically synchronizes password files across Oracle Data Guard configurations. When the passwords of SYS, SYSDG, and so on, are changed, the password file at the primary database is updated and then the changes are propagated to all standby databases in the configuration.
Preserving Application Connections to An Active Data Guard Standby During Role Changes: Currently, when a role change occurs and an Active Data Guard standby becomes the primary, all read-only user connections are disconnected and must reconnect, losing their state information. This feature enables a role change to occur without disconnecting the read-only user connections. Instead, the read-only user connections experience a pause while the state of the standby database is changed to primary. Read-only user connections that use a service designed to run in both the primary and physical standby roles are maintained. Users connected through a physical standby only role continue to be disconnected.
Oracle Data Guard for Data Warehouses: The use of NOLOGGING for direct loads on a primary database has always been difficult to correct on an associated standby database. On a physical standby database the data blocks were marked unrecoverable and any SQL operation that tried to read them would return an error. Or, for a logical standby database, SQL apply would stop upon encountering the invalidation redo.
Rolling Back Redefinition: There is a new ROLLBACK parameter for the FINISH_REDEF_TABLE procedure that tracks DML on a newly redefined table so that changes can be easily synchronized with the original table using the SYNC_INTERIM_TABLE procedure.
The new V$ONLINE_REDEF view displays runtime information related to the current redefinition procedure being executed based on a redefinition session identifier.
Online Conversion of a Nonpartitioned Table to a Partitioned Table: Nonpartitioned tables can be converted to partitioned tables online. Indexes are maintained as part of this operation and can be partitioned as well. The conversion has no impact on the ongoing DML operations.
Online SPLIT Partition and Subpartition: The partition maintenance operations SPLIT PARTITION and SPLIT SUBPARTITION can now be executed as online operations for heap organized tables, allowing the concurrent DML operations with the ongoing partition maintenance operation.
Online Table Move: Nonpartitioned tables can be moved as an online operation without blocking any concurrent DML operations. A table move operation now also supports automatic index maintenance as part of the move.
Oracle Database Sharding: Sharding with Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (12.2) is an architecture for suitable online transaction processing (OLTP) applications where data is horizontally partitioned across multiple discrete Oracle databases, called shards, which share no hardware or software. The collection of shards is presented to an application as a single logical Oracle database.
Stay tuned for Part 2..

Installing Oracle 12c Release 2 Database on a Proxmox Container

Jeff Moss - Thu, 2017-03-02 13:19

Obviously nobody could beat Tim to getting the comprehensive installation instructions out first, but here are my notes for installing it on a proxmox container environment which is what I use as my research platform. Some of the calls used are from or based on Tim’s prior 12cR1 installation article – thanks Tim.

NOTE – this post is just a guide and is based on my environment – you will likely need to make changes to suit your own environment.

root@billy:~# pveversion
pve-manager/4.4-12/e71b7a74 (running kernel: 4.4.40-1-pve)
Host Preparation

Some of the activities required involve changing linux parameters but these can’t be applied inside a proxmox container – you’ll see errors like these if you try:

[root@db12cr2 ~]# sysctl -p
sysctl: setting key "fs.file-max": Read-only file system

Instead you have to do these at the host level – and only if you think they are relevant and that those settings wouldn’t upset all of your other environments running on that host. I haven’t tried but you could potentially just tell the GUI installer to ignore the warnings relating to these entries and not make these changes at all especially if you’re only using it for small scale research purposes.

As root on the proxmox host, run the following:

echo "fs.file-max = 6815744" >>/etc/sysctl.d/98-oracle.conf
echo "kernel.panic_on_oops = 1" >>/etc/sysctl.d/98-oracle.conf
echo "net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 2" >>/etc/sysctl.d/98-oracle.conf
/sbin/sysctl -p
Create And Prepare The Container

I use Centos 7 as the template for most of my activities and these notes are based around that.

pct create 130 u01:vztmpl/centos-7-default_20160205_amd64.tar.xz -rootfs 60 -hostname db12cr2 -memory 10240 -nameserver -searchdomain oramoss.com -net0 name=eth0,bridge=vmbr0,gw=,ip= -swap 10240 -cpulimit 4 -storage local

You’ll have your own way of getting the installation files to be available to the container but I do it by adding a mount point so I can access the area where all my software is:

vi /etc/pve/nodes/${HOSTNAME}/lxc/130.conf

…and add this:

mp0: /mnt/backups/common_share,mp=/mnt/common_share
Start And Enter The Container
pct start 130
pct enter 130
Install Additional Packages

I’m going to use the Oracle Preinstall package but there are still a few things to add:

yum install gcc-c++ wget openssh-server -y

gcc-c++ is not necessary according to the 12cR2 installation manuals, but the GUI installer complains during the prerequisite checks if it’s not there.

wget is needed to download some files and it’s not on the Centos 7 template.

openssh server is to allow me to login remotely via SSH for the GUI install later.

Get OpenSSH To Autostart
systemctl enable sshd.service
systemctl start sshd.service
systemctl status sshd.service
Install Oracle Preinstall Package
#Get the Oracle Linux 7 repo - this works for Centos 7.
cd /etc/yum.repos.d/ 
wget http://public-yum.oracle.com/public-yum-ol7.repo
#The following stops GPG Key errors:
wget http://public-yum.oracle.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle-ol7 -O /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle
#Update everything
yum update -y
#Install the preinstall package
yum install oracle-database-server-12cR2-preinstall -y
Configure System Limits
echo "oracle soft nofile 1024" >>/etc/security/limits.d/oracle-rdbms-server-12cR2-preinstall.conf
echo "oracle hard nofile 65536" >>/etc/security/limits.d/oracle-rdbms-server-12cR2-preinstall.conf
echo "oracle soft nproc 16384" >>/etc/security/limits.d/oracle-rdbms-server-12cR2-preinstall.conf
echo "oracle hard nproc 16384" >>/etc/security/limits.d/oracle-rdbms-server-12cR2-preinstall.conf
echo "oracle soft stack 10240" >>/etc/security/limits.d/oracle-rdbms-server-12cR2-preinstall.conf
echo "oracle hard stack 32768" >>/etc/security/limits.d/oracle-rdbms-server-12cR2-preinstall.conf
echo "oracle hard memlock 134217728" >>/etc/security/limits.d/oracle-rdbms-server-12cR2-preinstall.conf
echo "oracle soft memlock 134217728" >>/etc/security/limits.d/oracle-rdbms-server-12cR2-preinstall.conf
Change Password For “oracle” User
passwd oracle
   <<set a password>>
Create Oracle Home Directory
mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/
chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
chmod -R 775 /u01
Modify The Profile Of “oracle” User
echo "# Oracle Settings" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
echo "export TMP=/tmp" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
echo "export TMPDIR=\$TMP" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
echo "export ORACLE_HOSTNAME=db12cr2.oramoss.com" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
echo "export ORACLE_UNQNAME=cdb1" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
echo "export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
echo "export ORACLE_HOME=\$ORACLE_BASE/product/" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
echo "export ORACLE_SID=cdb1" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
echo "export PATH=/usr/sbin:\$PATH" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
echo "export PATH=\$ORACLE_HOME/bin:\$PATH" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
echo "export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=\$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
echo "export CLASSPATH=\$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:\$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib" >>/home/oracle/.bash_profile
Create Software Directory And Copy Files Over
mkdir -p /u01/software
cp /mnt/common_share/linuxx64_12201_database.zip /u01/software
unzip linuxx64_12201_database.zip
rm /u01/software/linuxx64_12201_database.zip
Run The Installer

Log in as the “oracle” user

cd /u01/software/database

Install the software and a database by running through the GUI screens and following the instructions. The installer complains on the prerequisite checks screen about some of the kernel memory parameters (rmem%, wmem%) which you can ignore.

Configure Auto Start

Follow these instructions from Tim to setup auto start using the runuser method – make sure you change the ORACLE_HOME to be not that is mentioned.

Now reboot the container and it should return with the database automatically started.

Check Oracle Database Auto Starts
[oracle@db12cr2 ~]$ sqlplus /nolog

SQL*Plus: Release Production on Thu Mar 2 14:16:53 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2016, Oracle. All rights reserved.

SQL> conn sys/Password01 as sysdba
 SQL> show sga

Total System Global Area 3221225472 bytes
 Fixed Size 8797928 bytes
 Variable Size 687866136 bytes
 Database Buffers 2516582400 bytes
 Redo Buffers 7979008 bytes

All pretty painless and relatively quick. I’ll take a dump of the container next in order to use it as a template for building future containers.

Merge Statement

Tom Kyte - Thu, 2017-03-02 11:06
Hi, I am working on Merge statement. I know Merge is used to update/insert/delete the data. In my program,for new record do insert and existing record,do nothing.But when using merge statement 'ON' clause we are checking the data with the source ...
Categories: DBA Blogs

SQL to find gaps in date ranges

Tom Kyte - Thu, 2017-03-02 11:06
Hi All, I would like to get the gaps between date range and needed it to separate the gaps by MM ID. could you please someone help me to resolve below INPUT: ID | MM Number | From | To 12345|4444444 |2015-01-03 |2015-02-02 123...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Index types in oracle

Tom Kyte - Thu, 2017-03-02 11:06
Hi Tom, Could you please explain what are all the types of indexes available in oracle. I am confused with the google summary as on one site they mention b-tree, bit map, functional based index.... on on other as clustered and non c...
Categories: DBA Blogs

SQL loader not loading if column value in multiple lines and value enclosed in double quotes.

Tom Kyte - Thu, 2017-03-02 11:06
hi , when I am loading data for one column value speeded in multiple columns and its failed. Here is the example and syntax for control file,record failing due to values in multiple lines for DESCRIPTION column "0","test0","123235","testitem0"...
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