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New Rewards and Recognition Program for Oracle Community

Joshua Solomin - Tue, 2015-02-24 08:04
Community Rewards and Recognition in 15.1 .mainContainer { max-width:680px; min-width:320px; margin:1px auto; font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; } .mainContainer p { padding: 0; } .mainContainer a { color: #ff0000; text-decoration: underline; } .mainContainer td { padding:5px; border-collapse:collapse; font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif; }
New Community Rewards and Recognition Program:
Building Better Content and Engagement
The Leaders

Click the image for more details

From a simple leaderboard written on a whiteboard to the sophisticated stats tracking of Oracle Fusion CRM, we are surrounded daily by "gamification" concepts.

In competitive games and sports, comparing stats against opponents and peers is all part of the fun. Organized chess play has long had an intricate rankings systems based on match performance. And how many of you are right now slipping in a quick peek at Words With Friends or Clash of Clans? (Tip: don't answer that.)

Gamification in Business

"Gamification" has been something of a corporate buzzword for several years now. At its simplest it is a set of management tools designed to encourage employee and customer behaviors that add business value—but do it in a way that feels natural, intuitive, and fun.

It integrates the dynamics of games—scorekeeping, reward feedback, missions and goals—to an existing process or system by motivating member participation, engagement and loyalty.

Oracle Community - 15.1 Rewards and Recognition Update

The Oracle Community platform uses a gamification system designed to:

  • Broaden scope of knowledge (breadth and depth)
  • Encourage participation by rewarding users for completing mission-based goals and objectives
  • Recognize users when they add quality content
  • Make it easier for other participants to find and evaluate highly rated content
The New Program

The 15.1 release enhanced the existing system by adding new user "levels," visual perks, badges, and achievements. It gives participants a more flexible, fun way to share knowledge and work within in the community.

Benefits
Gamification Principles
Learn More

Great support communities derive the most value from the contributions of its users. The enhanced Rewards and Recognition program, makes it easier to recognize quality contributions and increases the value of the community for all involved.

If you're an Oracle customer or employee, we highly recommend checking out the new program.

Resources
Engage the Community
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Comments and Feedback

We'd love to hear from you about the new program!

If you're an Oracle customer, give us a heads up in the Community discussion thread.

If you're an Oracle employee, make your voice heard in the MOS Community employee feedback site, with the category: Gamification.


-The Oracle Community Team

Fronting Oracle Maven Repository with Sonatype Nexus

Steve Button - Mon, 2015-02-23 16:44
The Sonatype team have announced the release of Nexus 2.1.1 which is a minor update that now works with the Oracle Maven Repository.

I was going to write a bit up about it but Manfred Moser from Sonatype has already put together a blog and video on it:
With the new Nexus 2.11.2 release we are supporting the authentication mechanism used for the Oracle Maven repository in both Nexus OSS and Nexus Pro. This allows you to proxy the repository in Nexus and makes the components discoverable via browsing the index as well as searching for components. You will only need to set this up once in Nexus and all your projects. Developers and CI servers get access to the components and the need for any manual work disappears.  On the Nexus side, the configuration changes can be done easily as part of your upgrade to the new release.
Check it out @ Using the Oracle Maven Repository with Nexus








Exadata 12c New Features RMOUG Slides

Fuad Arshad - Mon, 2015-02-23 08:33
I've finally gotten around to post my RMOUG Slide Deck on Slideshare. Hopefully this is helpful to folks looking at new features in Exadata.

PeopleTools 8.54: Multiple Query Security Records

David Kurtz - Mon, 2015-02-23 04:26
This is part of a series of articles about new features and differences in PeopleTools 8.54 that will be of interest to the Oracle DBA.

This post is not about a database feature newly supported in PeopleTools, but PeopleTools is capable of doing something new that could negatively impact the database.  When I saw the following warning in the PeopleTools 8.54 release notes, I thought I should look into it.
"PeopleTools has added an Advanced Query Security option to Application Designer. This feature allows up to five Query Security Records to be associated with a single record, including the ability to associate security with non-key fields. While powerful, this feature should be used sparingly because multiple additional joins will affect query performance."

The PeopleTools documentation shows how to add multiple query security records in Application Designer, but doesn't really explain what effect it will have on queries on that record.
PeopleTools has always allowed a query security record to be defined on a record.  This is the record properties for JOB.


I am going to create a simple example query that joins PS_JOB and PS_NAMES.  These records have different query security records, so both query security records appear in the PS/Query.
SELECT B.EMPLID, B.DEPTID
FROM PS_JOB B, PS_EMPLMT_SRCH_QRY B1, PS_NAMES A, PS_PERALL_SEC_QRY A1
WHERE ( B.EMPLID = B1.EMPLID
AND B.EMPL_RCD = B1.EMPL_RCD
AND B1.OPRID = 'PS'
AND A.EMPLID = A1.EMPLID
AND A1.OPRID = 'PS'
AND ( B.EFFDT =
(SELECT MAX(B_ED.EFFDT) FROM PS_JOB B_ED
WHERE B.EMPLID = B_ED.EMPLID
AND B.EMPL_RCD = B_ED.EMPL_RCD
AND B_ED.EFFDT <= SYSDATE)
AND B.EFFSEQ =
(SELECT MAX(B_ES.EFFSEQ) FROM PS_JOB B_ES
WHERE B.EMPLID = B_ES.EMPLID
AND B.EMPL_RCD = B_ES.EMPL_RCD
AND B.EFFDT = B_ES.EFFDT)
AND B.EMPLID = A.EMPLID
AND A.EFFDT =
(SELECT MAX(A_ED.EFFDT) FROM PS_NAMES A_ED
WHERE A.EMPLID = A_ED.EMPLID
AND A.NAME_TYPE = A_ED.NAME_TYPE
AND A_ED.EFFDT <= SYSDATE) ))


The new version of the same query, but this time with multiple query security records if force, is below.  Note that:
  • A1, B1 are the query security records defined on the record properties that have always been present in PeopleTools.
  • B4, B5, B6 are the advanced query security records.  Note that EMPLNT_SRCH_QRY has join criteria on the columns specified in the Advanced Query Security Mapping dialogue.
  • EMPLMT_SRCH_QRY gets joined twice to JOB because it is the query security record B1 and an advanced query security record B4, so the advanced settings are in addition to the standard setting.  Be careful not to duplicate records.  The PS/Query Security Join Optimization setting (introduced in PeopleTools 8.52) does not help with this.
  • The standard query security record is stored in PSRECDEFN.QRYSRCRECNAME, while the advanced query security record definitions are stored in a new PeopleTools table PSRECSECFLDMAPS.
SELECT B.EMPLID, B.DEPTID
FROM PS_JOB B, PS_EMPLMT_SRCH_QRY B1, PS_EMPLMT_SRCH_QRY B4,
PS_PERALL_SEC_QRY B5, PS_PERS_SRCH_QRY B6,
PS_NAMES A, PS_PERALL_SEC_QRY A1
WHERE ( B.EMPLID = B1.EMPLID
AND B.EMPL_RCD = B1.EMPL_RCD
AND B1.OPRID = 'PS'
AND B.EMPLID = B4.EMPLID
AND B.EMPL_RCD = B4.EMPL_RCD
AND B4.OPRID = 'PS'
AND B.EMPLID = B5.EMPLID
AND B5.OPRID = 'PS'
AND B.EMPLID = B6.EMPLID
AND B6.OPRID = 'PS'

AND A.EMPLID = A1.EMPLID
AND A1.OPRID = 'PS'
AND ( B.EFFDT =
(SELECT MAX(B_ED.EFFDT) FROM PS_JOB B_ED
WHERE B.EMPLID = B_ED.EMPLID
AND B.EMPL_RCD = B_ED.EMPL_RCD
AND B_ED.EFFDT <= SYSDATE)
AND B.EFFSEQ =
(SELECT MAX(B_ES.EFFSEQ) FROM PS_JOB B_ES
WHERE B.EMPLID = B_ES.EMPLID
AND B.EMPL_RCD = B_ES.EMPL_RCD
AND B.EFFDT = B_ES.EFFDT)
AND B.EMPLID = A.EMPLID
AND A.EFFDT =
(SELECT MAX(A_ED.EFFDT) FROM PS_NAMES A_ED
WHERE A.EMPLID = A_ED.EMPLID
AND A.NAME_TYPE = A_ED.NAME_TYPE
AND A_ED.EFFDT <= SYSDATE) ))
Conclusion I know from previous experience that having just two different query security records on different base records, as in the first example above can lead to significant performance problems.  This new feature has the potential to add up to five more per record.
I can see that this feature could have occasional application where the additional security is not joined by a key field.  However, I would generally echo the sentiment in the release notes, and use it sparingly.  Instead of two query security records, could you merge them into one security record?

PeopleTools 8.54: %SelectDummyTable Meta-SQL

David Kurtz - Sun, 2015-02-22 11:57
This is part of a series of articles about new features and differences in PeopleTools 8.54 that will be of interest to the Oracle DBA.
  
PeopleTools simply evaluates this meta-SQL as 'DUAL' on Oracle.

In Oracle, DUAL is just a convenience table.  You don't need to use it, you can use anything you want. PeopleSoft applications often use PS_INSTALLATION when they needs a single row source in a query.  This was another example of platform agnosticism.  PS_INSTALLATION is available on every platform and every PeopleSoft installation, DUAL is not.

Instead of coding this (the example is taken from ESPP_REF_REVMAIN.PSHUP.Do When)
%Select(IF_FLAG) 
SELECT 'X'
FROM PS_INSTALLATION
WHERE %Bind(ST_SEND_SRC) = 'N'
You can now code this instead:
%Select(IF_FLAG) 
SELECT 'X'
FROM %SelectDummyTable
WHERE %Bind(ST_SEND_SRC) = 'N'
Which resolves to:
%Select(IF_FLAG)  
SELECT 'X'
FROM DUAL
WHERE %Bind(ST_SEND_SRC) = 'N'
There are two advantages to using DUAL.
  • In the database, the Oracle optimizer knows that DUAL is a special one row, one column table.  When you use it in queries, it uses this knowledge when generating the execution plan.
  • If you used a real table, there was a risk that it could have no rows, or more than one row.  Either could cause application problems.  In previous versions of Oracle, when it was a real physical table, that problem could also occur with DUAL.  However, since Oracle 10g it is just a memory structure in the database, and accessing it involves neither a logical nor a physical read. 
ConclusionPeopleSoft have created a Meta-SQL that evaluates as DUAL so that this Oracle optimization is implemented in a PeopleSoft platform generic manner. 
I would not bother to go back and change existing code to use this, unless perhaps I was visiting the code anyway, but I would certainly recommend its use going forward.

Enhancement Requests and Bugs for Oracle eBusiness Suite

Gareth Roberts - Sun, 2015-02-22 03:35
From time to time I create enhancement requests or bugs, commonly on Oracle eBusiness Suite. Additionally I come across enhancement requests that I think deserve more visibility. This page is dedicated to that cause. If you have an Oracle Enhancement Request (ER) or Bug you would like to raise the visibility on, please feel free to comment or contact me.
If you like the looks of one of the Enhancement Requests noted below, log a Service Request (SR) on My Oracle Support (MOS) and ask for your MOS Customer record to be attached to the ER / Bug.
Created Logged By Bug / ER Status Product Description 2015/02/22 See ER 9130428 Open AR Need a Standard Way to Export the Aging 7 Buckets By Account Report Output to Excel 2013/10/07 See ER 17069048 Open BIP Enable use of recursive with clause 2013/06/05 See ER 12872320 Open BIP Request to add autofilter functionality to native Excel template (binary) 2012/01/22 Gareth 13616572 Open BIP BI Publisher RTF unable to show a fixed number of lines for a word wrapped cell 2011/05/13 See ER 12423249 Open BIP Adding support of SMTP username/password to "XAPI:EMAIL" bursting for E-Business Suite (EBS) 12.1.X 2010/11/09 See ER 8208646 Open AP/IBY R12 Unable to send Separate Remittance Advice as email attachment in PDF 2010/08/11 Gareth 10019593 Rejected AP/IBY ARXRWMAI - In Receipts Summary form, cannot query by payment server id - PSON (Payment Server Order Number) 2010/07/14 See ER 9908713 Open BIP Need the DeliveryManager API to have a trackback variable for bounced emails 2010/07/18 See ER 9918364 Open BIP Need email body to be set to UTF-8 charset when using East Asian language emails 2010/07/08 Gareth 9891120 Open eAM Need hook to extend EAM Maintenance Work Order Detail Report 2010/06/19 Gareth 9834226 Open AP Need to embed email images Payables/Payments "Send Separate Remittance Advices" 2009/01/07 See ER 7694052 Open AP Does the Supplier Open Interface API Support Updates to Supplier Information? 2005/03/25 See ER 4262148 Open AP Need Public API to manage custom AP Invoice Holds PS. If you would like to monitor Enhancement Requests, and be notified by Oracle of status updates, create a Favorite in My Oracle Support and ensure Hot Topics (Favorites) emails are on as follows.
Create a Favorite:
  1. Login to My Oracle Support
  2. Search on the ER / Bug number in the Search box e.g. 4262148
  3. Click on the orange star next to the Title in the list view, or click on the article and click on the orange star. You should see "Favorite added" status message.
Switch on Hot Topics Emails:
  1. Go to the Settings tab
  2. Click on Hot-Topics Email under Personal on the left side menu list.
  3. Switch On the Hot Topics email, every 1 days (or suitable), and ensure you have checked "Product Bugs Marked as Favorites"
  4. Save
To see your Favorites, click on the Knowledge tab, then click Favorite Articles in the Recent Activity tab.
Table of Enhancement Request Statuses Status CodeDefinition 11 Code/Hardware Bug (Response/Resolution) 12 To External (User Group) Review 15 Enhancement Req. Internal(Oracle) Review 19 Approved for User Group Voting 20 To Requestor, Need More Info 22 Approved for Future Release 23 Scheduled for Future Release 50 ER Waiting for Base ER Fix 82 QA/PM to Eval ER, Chg Delivered Internal 97 Closed, Enhancement Rejected 98 Closed, Enhancement Implemented

Catch ya!
Gareth
This is a post from Gareth's blog at http://garethroberts.blogspot.com
Related Posts

 

PeopleTools 8.54: %SQLHint Meta-SQL

David Kurtz - Sat, 2015-02-21 04:41
This is part of a series of articles about new features and differences in PeopleTools 8.54 that will be of interest to the Oracle DBA.
 
This new PeopleCode meta-SQL macro performs a search of SQL statement for the nth instance of SQL command keyword and inserts a string after it.
%SqlHint(SQL_cmd, index, hint_text, DB_platform [, {ENABLE | DISABLE}])
It is particularly effective with the %InsertSelect meta-SQL.  Previously the only way to put a hint into the main select was with a variable assignment, but that didn't work if the DISTINCT keyword was used because the hint appeared behind the distinct.
%InsertSelect(DISTINCT, DMK,JOB J, EMPLID= /*+LEADING(J)*/ J.EMPLID) 
FROM PS_JOB J
which resolves to:
INSERT INTO PS_DMK (EMPLID 
, EMPL_RCD
, EFFDT
, EFFSEQ
, SETID_DEPT
, DEPTID)
SELECT DISTINCT /*+LEADING(J)*/ J.EMPLID
, J.EMPL_RCD
, J.EFFDT
, J.EFFSEQ
, J.SETID_DEPT
, J.DEPTID
FROM PS_JOB J
Here is a deliberately contrived example of how to use the command.
  • I have created a separate SQL object, DMK_CURJOB, to hold effective date/sequence sub-queries which I will reference from an application engine SQL.
%P(2).EFFDT = ( 
SELECT MAX(%P(3).EFFDT)
FROM %Table(%P(1)) %P(3)
WHERE %P(3).EMPLID = %P(2).EMPLID
AND %P(3).EMPL_RCD = %P(2).EMPL_RCD
AND %P(3).EFFDT <= %CurrentDateIn)
AND %P(2).EFFSEQ = (
SELECT MAX(%P(4).EFFSEQ)
FROM %Table(%P(1)) %P(4)
WHERE %P(4).EMPLID = %P(2).EMPLID
AND %P(4).EMPL_RCD = %P(2).EMPL_RCD
AND %P(4).EFFDT = %P(2).EFFDT)
  • I want my insert statement to run in direct-path mode, so I am putting an APPEND hint into the INSERT statement.
  • I am going to put different hints into each of the different SQL query blocks, including the sub-queries in the SQL object.
%SqlHint(INSERT,1,'/*+APPEND*/',ORACLE,ENABLE)
%SqlHint(INSERT,1,'/*Developer Comment*/',ORACLE,DISABLE)
%SqlHint(SELECT,1,'/*+LEADING(J)*/',ORACLE)
%SqlHint(SELECT,2,'/*+UNNEST(J1)*/',ORACLE)
%SqlHint(SELECT,3,'/*+UNNEST(J2)*/',ORACLE)
%InsertSelect(DISTINCT, DMK,JOB J)
FROM PS_JOB J
WHERE %Sql(DMK_CURJOB,JOB,J,J1,J2)

Which resolves to:
 INSERT /*+APPEND*/ INTO PS_DMK (EMPLID 
, EMPL_RCD
, EFFDT
, EFFSEQ
, SETID_DEPT
, DEPTID)
SELECT /*+LEADING(J)*/ DISTINCT J.EMPLID
, J.EMPL_RCD
, J.EFFDT
, J.EFFSEQ
, J.SETID_DEPT
, J.DEPTID
FROM PS_JOB J
WHERE J.EFFDT = (
SELECT /*+UNNEST(J1)*/ MAX(J1.EFFDT)
FROM PS_JOB J1
WHERE J1.EMPLID = J.EMPLID
AND J1.EMPL_RCD = J.EMPL_RCD
AND J1.EFFDT <= TO_DATE(TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YYYY-MM-DD'),'YYYY-MM-DD'))
AND J.EFFSEQ = (
SELECT /*+UNNEST(J2)*/ MAX(J2.EFFSEQ)
FROM PS_JOB J2
WHERE J2.EMPLID = J.EMPLID
AND J2.EMPL_RCD = J.EMPL_RCD
AND J2.EFFDT = J.EFFDT)

The %SQLHint processing appears to be done after all other expansions, so the search and insert can reach into %SQL objects.  Previously we had to put hints into the SQL object.  Although, sometimes, we could avoid that by using query block naming hints.  Now, I can place any hint after any SQL command.  I can choose to apply a hint in just one step that references a SQL object, rather than in the SQL object which affects every step that references it.

If you put multiple substitutions in for the same SQL command, only the last enabled one is processed.

I frequently find that developers love to put comments into SQL which then appears in logs files and Oracle monitoring tool.  I hate that.  Comments in SQL that run on the database is an unnecessary overhead, and it turns up later in SQL monitoring and tuning tools.  It is worth noting that comments that are not hints are stripped out of SQL in PL/SQL procedures.  Perhaps developers should put their comment in a disabled %SQLHint so it will not appear in the final SQL?
Oracle SQL Outlines/Profiles/Patches/BaselinesAll this talk of adding hints to source code is going to cause an Oracle DBA to ask why not use the techniques provided by Oracle to control execution plans on application engine SQL.  The problem is that those techniques are frequently thwarted by the dynamic nature of SQL created by PeopleSoft.
  • Bind variables can become literals when the SQL is generated, though profiles and baselines can handle this.
  • Different instances of temporary records are different tables in the database. You would have to handle each table (or every combination of tables if you have multiple temporary records in one statement).
  • Many delivered processes have dynamically generated SQL and you would again have to handle every variation separately.
ConclusionThe %SQLHint meta-SQL brings a huge advantage for Oracle's PeopleSoft developers.  Although it is possible to create platform specific application engine sections, there is huge reluctance to do this in development in Oracle.  This is entirely reasonable as it results in having to develop, test and maintain separate code lines.  Many of the meta-SQL macros are designed precisely to overcome SQL differences between different supported database platforms. Now, using %SQLHint they can now put Oracle specific optimizer hints into platform generic application engine steps, safe in the knowledge that the hints will only affect Oracle platforms.

This is going to be a very useful feature.  Simple.  Effective.  I look forward to hinting the places that other techniques cannot reach!

NVARCHAR2, UTL-16 and Emails

Gary Myers - Fri, 2015-02-20 20:00
Development is often the case of trying several paths through the forest, hoping to find one that leads out the other end. That was the start of my week.

Until we get our shiny new 12c database running on its shiny new box (and all the data shifted to it), we are living with a mix of databases. To begin with, the data we managed was mostly AU/NZ and Europeans stuff, and the character set is set accordingly. By which I mean one of those Eurocentric things and not UTF-8. We also have a bunch of columns in NVARCHAR2 with AL16UTF16 as the alternative character set.

I'm pretty sure the new database will start with UTF-8. But in the mean time I was responsible for trying to get emails out of the current database with data in various European and non-European character sets.  My paths through that forest went as follows...

  • It should just work. Let me test it.....Oh bugger.
  • Okay, maybe if I put "utf-8" in various bits of the message.
  • And switch the code so it uses NVARCHAR2 rather than defaulting to VARCHAR2.
  • Oh....UTF-16 isn't the same as UTF-8. I need to convert it somehow
  • So I can't put UTF-8 values in either my Eurocentric VARCHAR2 or UTF-16 NVARCHAR2.
  • And I have to get this through SMTP, where you can still see the exposed bones of 7-bit ASCII, 


AHA ! HTML Entities. That means I can get away with using ASCIISTR to convert the UTF-16 strings into a sequence of Hex values for each two-byte character. Then I stick a &#x in front of each character, and I have an HTML representation of the string !

It stinks of an ugly solution.
I think there should be a way of sending utf-16 in the content, but I couldn't get to it.

It doesn't help that email HTML is less capable than browser HTML, and has to support a variety of older clients (plus presenting an HTML email body inside of the HTML of a webmail client is always going to be awkward).

PeopleTools 8.54: Table/Index Partitioning

David Kurtz - Fri, 2015-02-20 10:00
This is part of a series of articles about new features and differences in PeopleTools 8.54 that will be of interest to the Oracle DBA.
Partitioning in OraclePartitioning of table (and index) segments involves breaking them into several smaller segments where certain data values only occur in certain segments.  Thus if a query is looking for a certain data value it may be able to eliminate some partitions without having to scan them because by definition those values cannot occur in those partitions.  Thus saving logical and physical read, and improving performance.  This is called partition elimination or pruning.  It is often the principal reason for partitioning a table.
Physically each partition in a partitioned table is a table, but logically the partitions form a single table.  There should be no need to change application code in order to use partitioning, but the way the code is written will affect Oracle's ability to perform partition elimination.
The following diagram is taken from the Oracle 11g Database VLDB and Partitioning Guide

If a query was only looking data in March, then it could eliminate the January and February partitions without inspecting them.  However, if it was filtering data by another column then it would still have to inspect all three partitions.  Application design will determine whether, and if so how to partition a table.
NB: I can't mention partitioning without also saying that Partitioning Option is a licensed feature of Oracle Database Enterprise Edition.
Partitioning in PeopleTools prior to 8.54I have to declare an interest.  I have been using partitioning in PeopleSoft since PeopleTools 7.5 when it was introduced in Oracle 8i.  The line from PeopleSoft was that you can introduce partitioning without invalidating your support (the same is not true of E-Business suite).  Application Designer won't generate partition DDL, so you were supposed to give your DDL scripts to the DBA who would add the partition clauses.  So you if wanted to use partitioning, you would be plunged into a hellish world of manual scripting.  One of the key benefits of Application Designer is that it generates the DDL for you.
Since 2001, I have developed a PL/SQL utility that effectively reverse engineers the functionality of Application Designer that builds DDL scripts, but then adds the partitioning clauses.  It also adds partitions, and has been extended to assist with partition-wise data archive/purge.  It is in uses at a number sites using Global Payroll (for which it was originally designed) and Financials (see Managing Oracle Table Partitioning in PeopleSoft Applications with GFC_PSPART Package)
So in investigating the new partitioning feature of PeopleTools 8.54 I was concerned:
  • Is my partitioning utility was now obsolete?  Or should I continue to use it?
  • How would I be able to retrofit existing partitioning into PeopleTools?
Partitioning in PeopleTools 8.54I am going to illustrate the behaviour of the new partition support with a number of example.
Example 1: Range Partitioning PSWORKLISTIn this example, I will range partition table PSWORKLIST on the INSTSTATUS column. The valid statuses for this column are:

INSTSTATUS Description 0 Available 1 Selected 2 Worked 3 Cancelled
  • the first partition will only contain statuses 0 and 1, which are the open worklist items, 
  • the other partition will contain the other statuses; 2 and 3 which are the closed items. 
The application repeatedly queries this table looking for work lists items to be processed, using the criterion INSTSTATUS < 2.  Over time, unless data is archived, the vast majority of entries are closed.  This partitioning strategy will enable the application to find the open worklist items quickly by eliminating the larger closed partition only querying the smaller open item partition.  As items are worked or cancelled, their statuses are updated to 2 or 3, and they will automatically be moved to the other partition.
This is something that I have actually done on a customer site, and it produced a considerable performance improvement.
PeopleSoft provides a component that allows you to configure the partitioning strategy for a record.  However, I immediately ran into my first problem. 
  • The Partitioning Utility component will only permit me to partition by a PeopleSoft unique key column.  If a query doesn't have a predicate on the partitioning column, then Oracle will certainly not be able to prune any partitions, and the query will perform no better than if the table had not been partitioned.  While a column frequently used in selective criteria is often the subject of an index, and sometimes the unique key, this is not always the case.  It does not make sense to assume this in this utility component.
  • In this case, INSTSTATUS is not part of any delivered index, though I added it to index B.  I have seen that the application frequently queries the PSWORKLIST table by INSTSTATUS, so it does make sense to partition it on that column.
However, I can customise the component to get around this.  The key field is validated by the view PPMU_RECKEYS_VW.
SELECT A.RECNAME 
,A.FIELDNAME
FROM PSRECFIELDALL A
WHERE %DecMult(%Round(%DECDIV(A.USEEDIT,2),0 ) , 2) <> A.USEEDIT
I can change the view as follows:
DROP TABLE PS_ST_RM2_TAO
/
SELECT A.RECNAME
,A.FIELDNAME
FROM PSRECFIELDALL A /* WHERE %DecMult(%Round(%DECDIV(A.USEEDIT,2),0 ) , 2) <> A.USEEDIT*/
, PSDBFIELD B
WHERE A.FIELDNAME = B.FIELDNAME
AND B.FIELDTYPE IN(0,2,3,4,5,6)
So, now I can specify the partitioning for this table in the Partitioning Utility Component
 I notice that can leave tablespace blank in component, but the tablespace keyword is lying around - so I have to put a tablespace in.  It is valid to omit physical attributes at partition level and they will be inherited from table level, and similarly for table level.
  • The component automatically adds a MAXVALUE partition.  This means that is valid to put any value into the partition column, otherwise it can cause an error.  However, it might not be what I want.
  • The component also adds a table storage clause, overriding anything specified in the record, with a fixed PCTFREE 20 which applies to all partitions.  Again this might not be what I want.  The value of PCTFREE depends on whether and how I update data in the table. 
  • There are a number of things that I can't control in this component
    • The name of MAXVALUE partition
    • The tablespace of the MAXVALUE partition, which defaults to be the same tablespace as the last defined partition, which might not be what I want.
    • Any other physical attribute of any of the partitions, for example I might want a different PCTFREE on partitions containing data will not be updated.
  • The component adds clause to enable row movement.  This permits Oracle to move rows between partitions if necessary when the value of the partitioning key column is updated.  In this case it is essential because as worklist items are completed they move from the first partition to the other.  ALTER TABLE ... SHRINK requires row moment, so it is useful to enable it generally.
The partitioning definition can be viewed in Application Designer under Tools -> Data Administration -> Partitioning.


The create table script (PSBUILD.SQL) does not contain any partition DDL.  So first you build the table and then alter it partitioned.  To be fair, this limitation is set out in the PeopleTools documentation, and it is not unreasonable as you would often build the table and then decide to partition it.  I do the same in my own utility.
-- Start the Transaction 


-- Create temporary table

CREATE TABLE PSYPSWORKLIST (BUSPROCNAME VARCHAR2(30) DEFAULT ' ' NOT
NULL,

DESCR254_MIXED VARCHAR2(254) DEFAULT ' ' NOT NULL) PARTITION BY
RANGE (INSTSTATUS)
(
PARTITION OPEN VALUES LESS THAN (2) TABLESPACE PTTBL,
PARTITION PE_MAXVALUE VALUES LESS THAN (MAXVALUE) TABLESPACE PTTBL
)
PCTFREE 20 ENABLE ROW MOVEMENT
/

-- Copy from source to temp table

INSERT INTO PSYPSWORKLIST (
BUSPROCNAME,

DESCR254_MIXED)
SELECT
BUSPROCNAME,

DESCR254_MIXED
FROM PSWORKLIST
/

-- CAUTION: Drop Original Table

DROP TABLE PSWORKLIST
/

-- Rename Table

RENAME PSYPSWORKLIST TO PSWORKLIST
/

-- Done

CREATE UNIQUE INDEX PS_PSWORKLIST ON PSWORKLIST (BUSPROCNAME,
ACTIVITYNAME,
EVENTNAME,
WORKLISTNAME,
INSTANCEID)
PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
STORAGE(INITIAL 40960 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
TABLESPACE "PSINDEX"
/
ALTER INDEX PS_PSWORKLIST NOPARALLEL LOGGING
/

CREATE INDEX PSBPSWORKLIST ON PSWORKLIST (OPRID,
INSTSTATUS)
PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 COMPUTE STATISTICS
STORAGE(INITIAL 40960 NEXT 106496 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645
PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
TABLESPACE "PSINDEX"
/
ALTER INDEX PSBPSWORKLIST NOPARALLEL LOGGING
/
CREATE INDEX PSBWORKLIST ON PSWORKLIST
('') LOCAL TABLESPACE PTTBL
/

The DDL to create partitioned index does not seem to appear properly.  The first CREATE INDEX command was generated by Application Designer extracting it from the catalogue with DBMS_METADATA.  This functionality was introduced in PeopleTools 8.51 to preserve existing configuration.The second create index comes from the partitioning definition.
  • The index column list is missing, it should come from the column list is defined in Application Designer.
  • The locally partitioned index is the same tablespace as the table instead of the tablespace defined on the index. 
    • I would not normally keep indexes in the same tablespace as the table (the rationale is that in the case of having to recover only a tablespace with indexes then I could rebuild it instead of recovering it).
I also note that the table is not altered NOLOGGING.  Yet the indexes are still made NOPARALLEL.  The default degree of parallelism on a partitioned table is equal to the number of partitioned, so it will cause parallel query to be invoked on the table access. 
  • I strongly recommend against generally allowing parallel query in all SQLs that reference a partitioned table in an OLTP system, which is what PeopleSoft is.  There are occasions where parallel query is the right thing to do, and in those cases I would use a hint, or SQL profile or SQL patch.
If I leave the Partitioning Utility component and then go back to a record where I have previously created partition DDL, then the partition DDL is still there, but all the other information that I typed in has disappeared.



If you trace the SQL generated by this component while entering partition details and generating partition DDL, then the only two tables that are updated at all;  PS_PTTBLPARTDDL and PS_PTIDXPARTDDL.  They are both keyed on RECNAME and PLATFORMID and have just one other column, a CLOB to hold the DDL.
  • The partition information disappears because there is nowhere to hold it persistently, and the component cannot extract it from the DDL.  It was being entered into a derived work record.
    • So it is not going to be much help when I want to adjust partitioning in a table that is already partitioned.  For example, over time, I might want to add new partitions, compress static partitions, or purge old ones.
  • It is also clear that there is no intention to support different partitioning strategies for different indexes on the same table.  There are certainly cases where a table will one or more locally partitioned indexes and some global indexes that may or may not be partitioned.
  • Even these two tables are not fully integrated into Application Designer.  There is a throwaway line in Appendix E of the Data Management Guide - Administering Databases on Oracle:"Record and index partitioning is not migrated as part of the IDE project. If you want to migrate the partitioning metadata along with the record, you will need to…" copy it yourself and it goes on to recommend creating a Data Migration Project in the Data Migration Workbench"
Sample 2: Import Existing PartitioningSticking with PSWORKLIST, I have partitioned it exactly the way I want.  The partition DDL was generated by my own partitioning utility .  I have added INSTSTATUS to index B.
CREATE TABLE sysadm.psworklist
(busprocname VARCHAR2(30) NOT NULL

,descr254_mixed VARCHAR2(254) NOT NULL
)
TABLESPACE PTTBL
PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 80
PARTITION BY RANGE(INSTSTATUS)
(PARTITION psworklist_select_open VALUES LESS THAN ('2')
,PARTITION psworklist_worked_canc VALUES LESS THAN (MAXVALUE) PCTFREE 1 PCTUSED 90
)
ENABLE ROW MOVEMENT
PARALLEL
NOLOGGING
/

ALTER TABLE sysadm.psworklist LOGGING NOPARALLEL MONITORING
/

CREATE INDEX sysadm.ps0psworklist ON sysadm.psworklist
(transactionid
,busprocname
,activityname
,eventname
,worklistname
,instanceid
)
TABLESPACE PSINDEX
PCTFREE 10
PARALLEL
NOLOGGING
/

CREATE INDEX sysadm.psbpsworklist ON sysadm.psworklist
(oprid
,inststatus
)
LOCAL
(PARTITION psworklistbselect_open
,PARTITION psworklistbworked_canc PCTFREE 1
)
TABLESPACE PSINDEX
PCTFREE 10
PARALLEL
NOLOGGING
/
ALTER INDEX sysadm.psbpsworklist LOGGING
/
ALTER INDEX sysadm.psbpsworklist NOPARALLEL
/

The DDL in the Maintain Partitioning box in Application Designer is extracted from the data dictionary using the Oracle supplied DBMS_METADATA package.  Application Designer has done this since PeopleTools 8.51 for index build scripts, but now you can see the DDL directly in the tool.
When I generate an alter table script I still get two create index command for the partitioned index.  The second one comes from the generated partition DDL and is not correct because it still doesn't have a column list.
CREATE   INDEX PSBPSWORKLIST ON PSWORKLIST (OPRID,
INSTSTATUS)
PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 LOGGING
STORAGE(
BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
TABLESPACE "PSINDEX" LOCAL
(PARTITION "PSWORKLISTBSELECT_OPEN"
PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 LOGGING
STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS
2147483645
PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
TABLESPACE "PSINDEX" ,
PARTITION "PSWORKLISTBWORKED_CANC"
PCTFREE 1 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 LOGGING
STORAGE(INITIAL 65536 NEXT 1048576 MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS
2147483645
PCTINCREASE 0 FREELISTS 1 FREELIST GROUPS 1
BUFFER_POOL DEFAULT FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT CELL_FLASH_CACHE DEFAULT)
TABLESPACE "PSINDEX" )
/
ALTER INDEX PSBPSWORKLIST NOPARALLEL LOGGING
/
CREATE INDEX PSBPSWORKLIST ON PSWORKLIST ('') LOCAL TABLESPACE
PTTBL
/

Example 3 - GP_RSLT_ACUMI have now chosen to partition one of the Global Payroll result tables.  This is often the largest table in a payroll system.  I have seen more than 1 billion rows in this table at one customer.  In a Global Payroll system, I usually:
  • range partition payroll tables on EMPLID to match the streamed processing (in GP streaming means concurrently running several Cobol or Application Engine programs to process different ranges of employees).  So there is a 1:1 relationship between payroll processes and physical partitions
  • the largest result tables are sub-partitioned on CAL_RUN_ID so each payroll period is in a separate physical partition.  Later I can archive historical payroll data by partition.
Here, I have swapped the partitioning over.  I have partitioned by CAL_RUN_ID and sub-partitioned by EMPLID.  I explain why below.


    And this is Table DDL that the utility generated.
    PARTITION BY RANGE (CAL_RUN_ID) 
    SUBPARTITION BY RANGE (EMPLID)
    SUBPARTITION TEMPLATE
    (
    SUBPARTITION SUB1 VALUES LESS THAN ('K9999999999'),
    SUBPARTITION SUB2 VALUES LESS THAN ('KE999999999'),
    SUBPARTITION SUB3 VALUES LESS THAN ('KM999999999'),
    SUBPARTITION SUB4 VALUES LESS THAN ('KT999999999') ,
    SUBPARTITION PE_MAXVALUE VALUES LESS THAN (MAXVALUE)
    )
    (
    PARTITION STRM1 VALUES LESS THAN ('K9999999999') TABLESPACE GPPART1,
    PARTITION STRM2 VALUES LESS THAN ('KE999999999') TABLESPACE GPPART2,
    PARTITION STRM3 VALUES LESS THAN ('KM999999999') TABLESPACE GPPART3,
    PARTITION STRM4 VALUES LESS THAN ('KT999999999') TABLESPACE GPPART4,
    PARTITION PE_MAXVALUE VALUES LESS THAN (MAXVALUE) TABLESPACE GPPART4
    )
    PCTFREE 20 ENABLE ROW MOVEMENT

    • Use of the sub-partition template clause simplifies the SQL.  There is certainly a lot less of it.  However, it means you get all the sub-partitions within in all partitions.  That might not be what you want.  In this demo database both employees and calendars are prefixed by something that corresponds to legislature, so some partitions will be empty.  They won't take up any physical space, due to deferred segment creation, but it would be better not to build them at all.
    • I can specify tablespace on the sub-partitions in the utility component, but there is no tablespace on the sub-partition template in the DDL.  I care more about putting different payroll periods into different tablespaces, than different ranges of employees (so I can compress and purge data later) so I swapped the partition key columns and have range partitioned on CAL_RUN_ID and sub-partitioned on EMPLID.
    In Global Payroll, partitioning is required to support streamed processing.  Tables are range partitioned on EMPLID to match the stream definitions.  In UK payroll, there are 45 tables that are updated or heavily referenced by streamed payroll processes that should all have similar range partitioning on EMPLID. 
    In PeopleTools 8.54, it is not possible to define a single partitioning strategy and consistently apply it to several tables.  Even if the data entered into the partition utility component was retained, I would have to enter it again for each table.
    ConclusionWhen I heard that PeopleTools would have native support for partitioning, if only in Oracle, I was hopeful that we would get something that would bring the process of migrating and building partitioned tables in line with normal tables. Unfortunately, I have to say that I don't think the partitioning support that I have seen so far is particularly useful.
    • There is no point typing in a lot of partition data into a utility component that doesn't retain the data.
    • As with materialized views, table partitioning is something on which DBAs will have to advise and will probably implement and maintain.  This component doesn't really help them do anything they already do with a text editor!
    • Even the minimal partition data that the utility component does retain is not migrated between environments by Application Designer when you migrate the record.
    Again, I think the problems stem from PeopleTools development trying to minimize the level of alteration to the Application Designer.  The partitioning utility component looks good because it sets out a lot of the partition attributes and metadata that you do need to consider, but there is no data structure behind that to hold it.
    I would like to see PeopleTools tables to hold partitioning metadata for tables and indexes, and for Application Designer to build DDL scripts to create and alter partitioned tables, to add partitions to existing tables, and then to migrate those definitions between environments.
    One positive that I can take from this is that Oracle has now clearly stated that it is reasonable to introduce partitioning into your PeopleSoft application without invalidating your support. The position hasn't actually changed, but now there is clarity.

    Connections Types in SQLcl

    Barry McGillin - Fri, 2015-02-20 05:07

    We support many ways to connect in SQLcl, including lots from SQL*Plus which we need to support to make sure all your SQL*Plus scripts work exactly the same way using SQLcl as with SQL*Plus.

    I've added several ways to show how to connect to SQLcl.  If there is one you want to see added that is not here, let me know and I'll add it to the list.  So far, We have below:
    • EZConnect
    • TWO_TASK
    • TNS_ADMIN
    • LDAP
    At any time when connected you can use the command 'SHOW JDBC'  to display what the connection is and how we are connected.  Here's some details of the types above.

    EZCONNECT

    The easy connect naming method eliminates the need for service name lookup in the tnsnames.ora files for TCP/IP environments.  It extends the functionality of the host naming method by enabling clients to connect to a database server with an optional port and service name in addition to the host name of the database:

     $sql barry/oracle@localhost:1521/orcl  
    SQLcl: Release 4.1.0 Beta on Fri Feb 20 10:15:12 2015
    Copyright (c) 1982, 2015, Oracle. All rights reserved.
    Connected to:
    Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
    SQL>

    TWO_TASK

    The TWO_TASK (on UNIX) or LOCAL (on Windows) environment variable can be set to a connection identifier. This removes the need to explicitly enter the connection identifier whenever a connection  is made in SQL*Plus or SQL*Plus Instant Client. 

    In SQLcl, we can set this up as a jdbc style connection like this


    $export TWO_TASK=localhost:1521/orcl  




    TNS_ADMIN


    Local Naming resolves a net service name stored in a tnsnames.ora file stored on a client.  We can set the location of that in the TNS_ADMIN variable.

     $export TNS_ADMIN=~/admin  

    An example tons entry is shown here below.

     $cat tnsnames.ora   
    BLOG =
    (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=localhost)(PORT=1521) )
    (CONNECT_DATA=
    (SERVICE_NAME=orcl) ) )

    we can then use the entry to connect to the database.

     $sql barry/oracle@BLOG  
    SQLcl: Release 4.1.0 Beta on Fri Feb 20 10:29:14 2015
    Copyright (c) 1982, 2015, Oracle. All rights reserved.
    Connected to:
    Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
    SQL>

    LDAP

    We've already written about LDAP connections here.  Here's a quick review.

      set LDAPCON jdbc:oracle:thin:@ldap://scl58261.us.oracle.com:389/#ENTRY#,cn=OracleContext,dc=ldapcdc,dc=lcom   


     $export LDAPCON=jdbc:oracle:thin:@ldap://scl58261.us.oracle.com:389/#ENTRY#,cn=OracleContext,dc=ldapcdc,dc=lcom   
    $sql /nolog
    SQLcl: Release 4.1.0 Beta on Fri Feb 20 10:37:02 2015
    Copyright (c) 1982, 2015, Oracle. All rights reserved.
    SQL> connect barry/oracle@orclservice_test(Emily's Desktop)
    Connected
    SQL>

    If we have more types to add, then they will appear here.  Let us know what you want to see.

    Screaming at Each Other

    Scott Spendolini - Thu, 2015-02-19 20:20
    Every time I attend a conference, the Twitter traffic about said conference is obviously higher.  It starts a couple weeks or even months before, builds steadily as the conference approaches, and then hits a crescendo during the conference.  For the past few conferences, I’ve started my sessions by asking who in the audience uses Twitter.  Time and time again, I only get about 10-20% of the participants say that they do.  That means that up to 90% of the participants don’t.  That’s a lot of people.  My informal surveys also indicate a clear generation gap.  Of those that do use Twitter, they tend to be around 40 years old or younger.  There are of course exceptions to this rule, but by and large this is the evidence that I have seen.

    I actually took about 10 minutes before my session today to attempt to find out why most people don’t care about Twitter.  The answer was very clear and consistent: there’s too much crap on there.  And they are correct.  I’d guess that almost 100% of all Tweets are useless or at least irrelevant to an Oracle professional.

    I then took a few minutes to explain the basics of how it worked - hash tags, followers, re-tweets and the like.  Lots of questions and even more misconceptions.  “So does someone own a hash tag?” and “Can I block someone that I don’t care for” were some of the questions that I addressed.  

    After a few more questions, I started to explain how it could benefit them as Oracle professionals.  I showed them that most of the Oracle APEX team had accounts.  I also highlighted some of the Oracle ACEs.  I even showed them the RMOUG hash tag and all of the tweets associated with it.  Light bulbs were starting to turn on.

    But enough talking.  It was time for a demo.  To prove that people are actually listening, I simply tweeted this:
    Please reply if you follow #orclapex - want to see how many people will in the next 30 mins. Thanks!
    — Scott Spendolini (@sspendol) February 19, 2015
    Over the next 30 minutes, I had 10 people reply. At the end of the session, I went through the replies, and said what I knew about those who did reply.  Oracle Product Manager, Oracle Evangelist, Oracle ACE, APEX expert, etc.  The crowd was stunned.  This proved that Twitter as a medium to communicate with Oracle experts was in fact, real.  

    More questions.  “Can I Tweet to my power company if I have an issue with them?” and “Do people use profanity on Twitter?” were some of the others.  People were clearly engaged and interested.  Mission accomplished.

    The bigger issue here is that I strongly feel that the vast majority of the Oracle community is NOT on Twitter.  And that is a problem, because so much energy is spent tweeting about user groups and conferences.  It's like we’re just screaming at each other, and not at those who need to listen.  

    We can fix this.  I encourage everyone who presents at a conference to take 5 minutes at the beginning or end of their session to talk about the benefits of Twitter.  Demonstrate that if you follow Oracle experts, the content that will be displayed is not about Katy Perry, but rather about new features, blog posts or other useful tidbits that can help people with their jobs. Take the time to show them how to sign up, how to search for content, and who to follow.  I think that if we all put forth a bit of effort, we can recruit many of those to join the ranks of Twitter for all the right reasons, and greatly increase the size of the Oracle community that’s connected via this medium.

    Code Insight on SQLcl

    Barry McGillin - Thu, 2015-02-19 17:29
    Here's a little preview of the code insight we have in SQLcl.  These changes are part of EA2 which are coming out very soon.  This also shows the buffer and cursor management which was introduced in SQLcl


    This allows you to move around the buffer easily and add and change text as you would in a normal text editor, not a console window like this.

    We're also adding hotkeys to run the buffer from anywhere or to jump out of the buffer to do something else without losing the contents of the buffer.

    Stayed tuned for this soon.
    B

    PeopleTools 8.54: Global Temporary Tables

    David Kurtz - Thu, 2015-02-19 05:11
    This is part of a series of articles about new features and differences in PeopleTools 8.54 that will be of interest to the Oracle DBA.

    Database Feature OverviewGlobal Temporary tables were introduced in Oracle 8i.  They can be used where an application temporarily needs a working storage tables.  They are named
    • Global because the content is private
    • Temporary because the definition is permanent
    Or if you prefer
    • Global because the definition is available to everyone
    • Temporary because 
      • physical instantiation of the table is temporary, in the temporary segment (so it isn't redo logged and so isn't recoverable),
      • but it does generate undo in the undo segment, and there is redo on the undo.
      • Each session gets its own private copy of the table in the temp segment.  So you cannot see what is in another session's temporary table, which can make application debugging difficult.
      • The physical instantiation of the table is removed either 
        • when the session disconnects - on commit preserve
        • or when the transaction is terminated with a commit or rollback - on commit delete
    This is a very useful database feature (I have been using it in PeopleSoft application ever since it was introduced). 
    • Can be used for temporary records in Application Engines where restart is disabled.
    • Can be implemented without any application code change.
    • Only Application Designer temporary records can be built as global temporary tables.  You cannot make a SQL Table record global temporary.
    • The reduction in redo generation during intensive batch processes, such as payroll processing, can bring significant performance benefits.  There is no point logging redo information for temporary working storage tables that you do not ever need to restore.
    • Shared temporary tables, such as in the GP calculation process GPPDPRUN that is written in COBOL.  If using payroll streaming (multiple concurrent processes to process in parallel), then concurrent delete/update can cause read consistency problems when using a normal table, but with global temporary tables, each session has its own physical table so there is never any need to read consistency recover to read a global temporary tables.
    • Global temporary tables are also an effective way to resolve table high water mark issues that can occur on non-shared temporary tables in on-line application engine.  The PeopleTools %TruncateTable macro still resolves to delete.  You never get high water mark problems with global temporary tables because they are physically created afresh for each new session.  
    • There is often a reduction in database size because the tables are not retained after the session terminates.  Although there will be an increased demand for temporary tablespace while the global temporary tables are in use.
    • I have occasionally seen performance problems when PeopleSoft systems very frequently truncate tables and experience contention on the RO enqueue.  This problem does not occur with global temporary tables.
    Global temporary table are not a licensed database feature and are also available in standard edition.
    Global Temporary Tables in PeopleToolsThis is the create table DDL created by Application Designer
    DROP TABLE PS_ST_RM2_TAO
    /
    CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE PS_ST_RM2_TAO (PROCESS_INSTANCE
    DECIMAL(10) NOT NULL,
    EMPLID VARCHAR2(11) NOT NULL,
    GRANT_NBR VARCHAR2(10) NOT NULL,
    VEST_DT DATE,
    SHARES_REMAINDER DECIMAL(21, 9) NOT NULL,
    DEC_PLACES SMALLINT NOT NULL) ON COMMIT PRESERVE ROWS TABLESPACE PSGTT01
    /
    CREATE UNIQUE iNDEX PS_ST_RM2_TAO ON PS_ST_RM2_TAO (PROCESS_INSTANCE,
    EMPLID,
    GRANT_NBR,
    VEST_DT)
    /
    The first thing to point out is the specification of a tablespace.  This is a new feature in Oracle 11g.  It is not mandatory in Oracle, but it is coded into the PeopleSoft DDL model so you must specify a temporary tablespace on the record otherwise it will fail to build.  A new temporary tablespace PSGTT01 is delivered by Oracle when you upgrade to 8.54, or you could just use the existing temporary tables.

    This new feature has been implemented using 2 new DDL models (statement types 6 and 7).
    SELECT * FROM psddlmodel WHERE statement_type IN(6,7);

    STATEMENT_TYPE PLATFORMID SIZING_SET PARMCOUNT
    -------------- ---------- ---------- ----------
    MODEL_STATEMENT
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------
    6 2 0 0
    CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE [TBNAME] ([TBCOLLIST]) ON COMMIT PRESERVE
    ROWS TABLESPACE [TBSPCNAME];

    7 2 0 0
    CREATE [UNIQUE] INDEX [IDXNAME] ON [TBNAME] ([IDXCOLLIST]);
    • All tables created ON COMMIT PRESERVE, but on-line instances could be ON COMMIT DELETE (theory subject to testing) and for ALL application engine programs even if restart is enabled because commits suppressed in on-line application engines.  Instead, commit is done by the component.
    If you try adding a global temporary table table to an application engine that is not restart disabled you quite rightly get the following error message. The table will be added, but the program will not execute correctly.

    "Global Temporary Tables allocated to this restart enabled AE program will not retain any data when program exits."
    Problems:
    • There has always been a 13 character limit on temporary records, because there used to be a maximum of 99 non-shared instances, and 2 characters were reserved.  If you try to set the number of instances to greater than 99 in an application Engine (I tried GP_GL_PREP)  you now get the warning message
    "Do not support more than 99 instances when select the Temp Table which are not attributed as GTT"
    • There is now a maximum length of 11 characters for the name of a record built a global temporary table because from PeopleTools 8.54 there can be up to 9999 non-shared instances of the record.  The restriction applies irrespective of how many instances you are actually using. 
      • I have yet to encounter a system where I need more than 99 instances of a temporary table.  I can just about imagine needing 100 non-shared instances, but not 1000.  
      • This means that I cannot retrofit global temporary tables into an existing Application Engine processes without changing record names.  There are existing delivered application engine programs with 12 and 13 character temporary record names that cannot now be switched to use global temporary tables managed by application designer.  I don't need to support more instances just because the table is global temporary.
        • For example, GP_GL_SEGTMP in GP_GL_PREP is a candidate to be made global temporary because that is a streamed Global Payroll process.  When I tried, I got a record name too long error!
    "Record Name is too long. (47,67)"
        • Really, if the table is global temporary you don't need lots of instances.  Everyone could use the shared instance, because Oracle gives each session a private physical copy of the table anyway. 
          • You could do this by removing the record name from the list of temporary records in the application engine, then the %Table() macro will generate the table name without an instance number.
          • There would be a question of how to handle optimizer statistics.  Optimizer statistics collected on a global temporary table in one session could end up being used in another because there is only one place to store them in the data dictionary.
          • The answer is not to collect statistics at all and to use Optimizer Dynamic Sampling.  There is a further enhancement in Oracle 12c where the dynamically sampled stats from different sessions are kept separate.
      • When Application Designer builds an alter script, it can't tell whether it is global temporary or a normal table, so doesn't rebuild the table if you change it from one to the other.
      • The only real runtime downside of global temporary tables is that if you want to debug a process the data is not left behind after the process terminates.  Even while the process is running, you cannot query the contents of a global temporary tables in use by another from your session,
      My RecommendationSupport for global temporary tables is welcome and long overdue.  It can bring significant run time performance and system benefits due to the reduction in redo and read consistency.  It can be implemented without any code change. 

      We just need to sort out the 11 character record name length restriction.

      What has Angelo been doing? Whats this marketplace all about?

      Angelo Santagata - Thu, 2015-02-19 04:39

      About two years ago my role changed from focusing on Fusion Middleware enablement to SaaS Integration enablement. Simply put my team started looking at how to get partners integrated with our SaaS applications (SalesCloud - CRM, HCM, ERP ) using PaaS where needed and more recently also looking at the pure PaaS enablement model.

      The market is growing and we now have an enterprise app store aimed at partners where they can host their apps and integrations. Checkout this video recently released featuring my VP, Sanjay Sinha, where he explains the ISV partner eco-system, how its changing the way we do business and the key benefits for ISV and OEM partners.

       



      Snippet : How to query the Sales Cloud users username in groovy and in EL

      Angelo Santagata - Thu, 2015-02-19 04:16
      Ive decided to create a new category called "Snippets" to capture small chunks of information which might be useful to other people

      In Groovy
      // Get the security context
      def secCtx = adf.context.getSecurityContext()
      // Check if user has a given role
      if (secCtx.isUserInRole('MyAppRole')) {
        // get the current user's name
        def user = secCtx.getUserName()
        // Do something if user belongs to MyAppRole
      }


      In a EL Expression
      #{securityContext.userName} 

      Test MySQL on AWS quickly

      Kubilay Çilkara - Thu, 2015-02-19 02:20
      Using sysbench to performance test AWS RDS MySQL hardware is an easy three step  operation. Sysbench creates synthetic tests and they are done on a 1 mil row 'sbtest' table that sysbench creates in the MySQL database you indicate. The test doesn't intrude with your database schema, and it doesn't use your data, so it is quite safe. The test is an OLTP test trying to simulate event operations in the database as it runs various, SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE requests on it's own 'sbtest' table.The results  of the tests are metrics like transactions per second, number of events, elapsed time etc. See man pages for description and Google it, it is a  popular testing tool. Other things you can set it up to do are to control how many requests (events) you want it to execute in a given time or you can tell it to keep on executing infinite requests until you stop it, or destruction testing. Is a very flexible testing tool with many options including throtling concurrency.You can be up and running with 3 commands on a unix system as follows.  Download sysbench tool (doing this on ubuntu)sudo apt-get install sysbenchCreate a table with 1 mil rowssysbench --test=oltp --oltp-table-size=1000000 --mysql-host={your rds host url} --db-driver=mysql --mysql-user={your rds root user} --mysql-password={password} --mysql-db={your mysql database name} prepareTest with different parameterssysbench --test=oltp --oltp-table-size=1000000 --mysql-host={your rds host url} --db-driver=mysql --mysql-user={your rds root user} --mysql-password={password} --mysql-db={your mysql database name} --max-time=60 --num-threads=550 runWarning: Synthetic  tests will just give you the ability of the hardware at a given standard set of requests and DML operations. There are no way an indication of what will happen to your database if the real workload increases beacause of the applications. Application Load Testing is something else, applications are  complex!  Database Workload is dependent on the application generated workload from real users using the system and is very hard to simulate that in a test. It is not imppossible If you use a database, such as Oracle which has the capability of recording and replaying its production database workload - called Automatic Workload Repository (AWR). In MySQL I couldn't find  so far a way to do this. But sysbench synthetic tests gave me the ability to quickly benchmark and baseline a MySQL database capabilities on different AWS Amazon hardware, something is better than nothing I suppose. 
      Categories: DBA Blogs

      PeopleTools 8.54: Materialized Views

      David Kurtz - Wed, 2015-02-18 15:30
      This is part of a series of articles about new features and differences in PeopleTools 8.54 that will be of interest to the Oracle DBA.
      Materialized Views in the DatabaseSnapshots were introduced in Oracle 7.  They were a way of building and maintaining a physical table to hold the results of a SQL query.  We are well used to a view being the results of a query, but here the results are materialised into a physical table.  Hence the feature was renamed materialized views in Oracle 8i.

      Today materialized views are one among many replication technologies.  They are available in standard edition Oracle, and there is no licensing implication in their use.

      Materialized views can generally be put into two categories
      • A simple, single-table materialized view. 
        • Often used to replicate data across a database link from another database.  Or to produce a subset of the data.
        • Can be refreshed incrementally using a PL/SQL package supplied by Oracle
          •  A materialized view log is created on the source table to record all the changes made to the source table.  It holds the primary key of the changed row, or the rowid (physical address of the row).  It can optionally hold additional columns.  It is populated by a database trigger on the source table (since Oracle 8i that trigger is hidden).
      • Multi-table materialized view
        • Usually done within a single database rather than across a database link.
        • Can only be refreshed by being completely rebuilt. 
        • If the same query as is used in a materialized view is submitted, Oracle can rewrite the query to use the materialized view instead.  Query rewrite only occurs subject to configuration and certain pre-requisites being met.
      Materialized Views can be populated immediately when they are built, or later on demand.  They can be refreshed on demand, on a regular schedule by a database job, or immediately when an update to a source table is committed.  Materialized views can be put into Refresh Groups.  All the materialized views in a refresh group are refreshed in the same database transaction so the data in the materialized views is consistent.

      Materialized views can be updatable and used for bidirectional replication.  I am not going to talk that here.

      When you introduce materialized views into an application you need to consider what you are trying to achieve, and make design decisions accordingly.
      Materialized Views in PeopleTools 8.54Using this new feature in PeopleSoft is deceptively easy, but quite a lot is going on behind the scenes.
      PeopleSoft Documentation (the term PeopleBooks seems to have been replaced by PeopleSoft Online Help): Data Management, Using Materialized Views provides an overview.

      There are two new PeopleTools tables:
      • PSPTMATVWDEFN - addition definition fields for the materialized view, build, refresh, staleness, stats.  Doesn't contain the query, that is in PSSQLTEXTDEFN as it is for all other views.
      • PSPTMATVWDEP - lists tables upon which materialized view depends.  PeopleSoft seems to work this out for itself by parsing the SQL query.
      I am going to demonstrate some aspects of the feature by running through some examples.
      Example 1: Replicate part of PS_JOB across a database linkIn this example I am going to use a materialized view to replicate a table from another Oracle database across a database link.
      If I select SQL View the Materialized View check box appears, if I check the checkbox the Materialized View Options appear.

      This is build script generated by Application Designer
      DROP VIEW PS_DMK
      /
      CREATE VIEW PS_DMK (EMPLID, EMPL_RCD, EFFDT, EFFSEQ, SETID_DEPT,
      DEPTID) AS SELECT EMPLID , EMPL_RCD , EFFDT , EFFSEQ , SETID_DEPT ,
      DEPTID FROM PS_JOB@HROTHER
      /
      UPDATE PSPTMATVWDEFN SET PTMAT_MATSTAT = 0, PTMAT_REFRESHSTAT = 0,
      PTMAT_LASTREFRESH = TO_TIMESTAMP('1900-01-01-00.00.00.000000'
      ,'YYYY-MM-DD-HH24.MI.SS.FF'), PTMAT_STALENESS = 'STALE' WHERE RECNAME
      = 'DMK'
      /
      DELETE FROM MV_CAPABILITIES_TABLE WHERE MVNAME = 'PS_DMK'
      /
      DROP VIEW PS_DMK
      /
      CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW PS_DMK (EMPLID, EMPL_RCD, EFFDT, EFFSEQ,
      SETID_DEPT, DEPTID) TABLESPACE PSMATVW BUILD DEFERRED REFRESH FAST
      ON DEMAND DISABLE QUERY REWRITE AS SELECT EMPLID , EMPL_RCD , EFFDT ,
      EFFSEQ , SETID_DEPT , DEPTID FROM PS_JOB@HROTHER
      /
      UPDATE PSPTMATVWDEFN SET PTMAT_MATSTAT = 1, PTMAT_REFRESHSTAT = 0,
      PTMAT_LASTREFRESH = TO_TIMESTAMP('1900-01-01-00.00.00.000000'
      ,'YYYY-MM-DD-HH24.MI.SS.FF'), PTMAT_STALENESS = 'STALE' WHERE RECNAME
      = 'DMK'
      /
      However, if the materialized view already exists, the script will drop it, recreate and drop the view, and then recreate the materialized view.
      DROP MATERIALIZED VIEW PS_DMK
      /
      UPDATE PSPTMATVWDEFN SET PTMAT_MATSTAT = 0, PTMAT_REFRESHSTAT = 0,
      PTMAT_LASTREFRESH = TO_TIMESTAMP('1900-01-01-00.00.00.000000'
      ,'YYYY-MM-DD-HH24.MI.SS.FF'), PTMAT_STALENESS = 'STALE' WHERE RECNAME
      = 'DMK'
      /
      CREATE VIEW PS_DMK (EMPLID, EMPL_RCD, EFFDT, EFFSEQ, SETID_DEPT,
      DEPTID) AS SELECT EMPLID , EMPL_RCD , EFFDT , EFFSEQ , SETID_DEPT ,
      DEPTID FROM PS_JOB@HROTHER
      /
      UPDATE PSPTMATVWDEFN SET PTMAT_MATSTAT = 0, PTMAT_REFRESHSTAT = 0,
      PTMAT_LASTREFRESH = TO_TIMESTAMP('1900-01-01-00.00.00.000000'
      ,'YYYY-MM-DD-HH24.MI.SS.FF'), PTMAT_STALENESS = 'STALE' WHERE RECNAME
      = 'DMK'
      /
      DELETE FROM MV_CAPABILITIES_TABLE WHERE MVNAME = 'PS_DMK'
      /
      DROP VIEW PS_DMK
      /
      CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW PS_DMK (EMPLID, EMPL_RCD, EFFDT, EFFSEQ,
      SETID_DEPT, DEPTID) TABLESPACE PSMATVW BUILD IMMEDIATE REFRESH FAST
      ON DEMAND DISABLE QUERY REWRITE AS SELECT EMPLID , EMPL_RCD , EFFDT ,
      EFFSEQ , SETID_DEPT , DEPTID FROM PS_JOB@HROTHER
      /
      UPDATE PSPTMATVWDEFN SET PTMAT_MATSTAT = 1, PTMAT_REFRESHSTAT = 1,
      (PTMAT_LASTREFRESH, PTMAT_STALENESS) = (SELECT LAST_REFRESH_DATE,
      STALENESS FROM USER_MVIEWS WHERE MVIEW_NAME = 'PS_DMK') WHERE RECNAME
      = 'DMK'
      /
      • The Application Designer build script creates the materialized view using a primary key based replication.  If there is no WITH PRIMARY KEY clause specified, because it is the default.  There appears to be no way to get Application Designer to generate a WITH ROWID clause, so it is not possible to replicate a single table without a unique key.  You might question whether that is useful, but it is possible in Oracle.
      • If there is no primary key on the source table, you will to add one.  If this is on another system, or a pre-8.58 PeopleSoft system you will need to do this manually.  Otherwise you will get this error message:
      ERROR at line 4:
      ORA-12014: table 'PS_JOB' does not contain a primary key constraint
      • If you specify any key columns on the materialized view it does not result in the usual indexes that you get on tables.  Also, it is not possible to add additional user specified indexes to the materialized view - the option is greyed out.  This is rather disappointing, because you might want to do exactly that so you can query the materialized view it in different ways to the underlying table.
        • You will get a unique index on a materialized view that is replicated by primary key, because the primary key will be inherited from the underlying table.
      • Nor is it possible to specify partitioning in Application Designer on a materialized view.
      • You can specify storage options on the materialized view via Record DDL, but the storage options do not appear in the CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW statement in the build script.  This is rather disappointing because you don't need to provide free space for updates in a materialized view which is completely refreshed each time, but you might if you do incremental update.
      Example 2: Replicate part of PS_JOB locallyIn this example, I am again only replicating 6 named columns into my materialized view.
      DROP VIEW PS_DMK
      /
      CREATE VIEW PS_DMK (EMPLID, EMPL_RCD, EFFDT, EFFSEQ, SETID_DEPT,
      DEPTID) AS SELECT EMPLID , EMPL_RCD , EFFDT , EFFSEQ , SETID_DEPT ,
      DEPTID FROM PS_JOB
      /
      UPDATE PSPTMATVWDEFN SET PTMAT_MATSTAT = 0, PTMAT_REFRESHSTAT = 0,
      PTMAT_LASTREFRESH = TO_TIMESTAMP('1900-01-01-00.00.00.000000'
      ,'YYYY-MM-DD-HH24.MI.SS.FF'), PTMAT_STALENESS = 'STALE' WHERE RECNAME
      = 'DMK'
      /
      ALTER TABLE PS_JOB DROP CONSTRAINT PS_JOB_PK
      /
      DROP MATERIALIZED VIEW LOG ON PS_JOB
      /
      DELETE FROM PSPTMATVWDEP WHERE RECNAME = 'DMK' AND PTMAT_BASETBL =
      'PS_JOB'
      /
      ALTER TABLE PS_JOB ADD CONSTRAINT PS_JOB_PK PRIMARY KEY (EFFDT, EFFSEQ
      , EMPLID, EMPL_RCD)
      /
      CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW LOG ON PS_JOB TABLESPACE PSMATVW WITH PRIMARY
      KEY, ROWID, SEQUENCE(DEPTID, SETID_DEPT) INCLUDING NEW VALUES PURGE
      IMMEDIATE
      /
      INSERT INTO PSPTMATVWDEP(RECNAME, PTMAT_BASETBL) VALUES('DMK',
      'PS_JOB')
      /
      DELETE FROM MV_CAPABILITIES_TABLE WHERE MVNAME = 'PS_DMK'
      /
      DROP VIEW PS_DMK
      /
      UPDATE PSPTMATVWDEFN SET PTMAT_MATSTAT = 0, PTMAT_REFRESHSTAT = 0,
      PTMAT_LASTREFRESH = TO_TIMESTAMP('1900-01-01-00.00.00.000000'
      ,'YYYY-MM-DD-HH24.MI.SS.FF'), PTMAT_STALENESS = 'STALE' WHERE RECNAME
      = 'DMK'
      /
      I don't know why it rebuilds the non-materialized view as a normal view and drops the primary key constraint each time every time but it does.  You might not want to do this every time for a large materialized view that takes time to build.
      If the materialized view log has been built, next time you generate the view build script it creates and drop the view and then builds the materialized view.
      CREATE VIEW PS_DMK (EMPLID, EMPL_RCD, EFFDT, EFFSEQ, SETID_DEPT,
      DEPTID) AS SELECT EMPLID , EMPL_RCD , EFFDT , EFFSEQ , SETID_DEPT ,
      DEPTID FROM PS_JOB
      /
      DELETE FROM PSPTMATVWDEP WHERE RECNAME = 'DMK' AND PTMAT_BASETBL =
      'PS_JOB'
      /
      UPDATE PSPTMATVWDEFN SET PTMAT_MATSTAT = 0, PTMAT_REFRESHSTAT = 0,
      PTMAT_LASTREFRESH = TO_TIMESTAMP('1900-01-01-00.00.00.000000'
      ,'YYYY-MM-DD-HH24.MI.SS.FF'), PTMAT_STALENESS = 'STALE' WHERE RECNAME
      = 'DMK'
      /
      ALTER TABLE PS_JOB DROP CONSTRAINT PS_JOB_PK
      /
      DROP MATERIALIZED VIEW LOG ON PS_JOB
      /
      DELETE FROM PSPTMATVWDEP WHERE RECNAME = 'DMK' AND PTMAT_BASETBL =
      'PS_JOB'
      /
      ALTER TABLE PS_JOB ADD CONSTRAINT PS_JOB_PK PRIMARY KEY (EFFDT, EFFSEQ
      , EMPLID, EMPL_RCD)
      /
      CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW LOG ON PS_JOB TABLESPACE PSMATVW WITH PRIMARY
      KEY, ROWID, SEQUENCE(DEPTID, SETID_DEPT) INCLUDING NEW VALUES PURGE
      IMMEDIATE
      /
      INSERT INTO PSPTMATVWDEP(RECNAME, PTMAT_BASETBL) VALUES('DMK',
      'PS_JOB')
      /
      DELETE FROM MV_CAPABILITIES_TABLE WHERE MVNAME = 'PS_DMK'
      /
      DROP VIEW PS_DMK
      /
      CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW PS_DMK (EMPLID, EMPL_RCD, EFFDT, EFFSEQ,
      SETID_DEPT, DEPTID) TABLESPACE PSMATVW BUILD DEFERRED REFRESH FAST
      ON DEMAND DISABLE QUERY REWRITE AS SELECT EMPLID , EMPL_RCD , EFFDT ,
      EFFSEQ , SETID_DEPT , DEPTID FROM PS_JOB
      /
      UPDATE PSPTMATVWDEFN SET PTMAT_MATSTAT = 1, PTMAT_REFRESHSTAT = 1,
      (PTMAT_LASTREFRESH, PTMAT_STALENESS) = (SELECT LAST_REFRESH_DATE,
      STALENESS FROM USER_MVIEWS WHERE MVIEW_NAME = 'PS_DMK') WHERE RECNAME
      = 'DMK'
      /
      • It is rather odd to see a build script update a PeopleTools table. Application Designer also updates the PSPTMATVWDEFN table itself every time it generates the build script.  Note that the script doesn't issue an explicit commit, so if you execute the build script in SQL*Plus remember to commit to release the row level lock on PSPTMATVWDEFN.  
      • Application Designer flip-flops between these two build scripts that will repeatedly drop and create the materialized view and materialized view log.  Unless you are very careful you might not know whether you have the objects in the desired state.
      • The materialized view and materialized view log are always created in tablespace PSMATVW.  This is a new tablespace delivered in the standard tablespace script.  It is not possible to set the tablespace to something else as for a normal table because it is a view.  This is unfortunately because, I might not want all my materialized views in the same tablespace.
      • Even though the materialized view is replicated by primary key, the materialized view log also contains the rowid and the supplementary columns.  This is overkill.  The materialized view log as built be application designer contains every length-bounded column in the source table.  This can significantly increase the overhead of the materialized view log which is maintained as other process update the source table.
      SQL> desc mlog$_ps_job
      Name Null? Type
      ----------------------------- -------- -------------------
      EFFDT DATE
      EFFSEQ NUMBER
      EMPLID VARCHAR2(11 CHAR)
      EMPL_RCD NUMBER
      DEPTID VARCHAR2(10 CHAR)
      SETID_DEPT VARCHAR2(5 CHAR)
      M_ROW$$ VARCHAR2(255 CHAR)
      SEQUENCE$$ NUMBER
      SNAPTIME$$ DATE
      DMLTYPE$$ VARCHAR2(1 CHAR)
      OLD_NEW$$ VARCHAR2(1 CHAR)
      CHANGE_VECTOR$$ RAW(255)
      XID$$ NUMBER
        • If I just created the materialized view log as follows
      CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW LOG ON PS_JOB TABLESPACE PSMATVW 
      WITH PRIMARY KEY
      --, ROWID, SEQUENCE(DEPTID, SETID_DEPT)
      INCLUDING NEW VALUES PURGE IMMEDIATE
      /
        • then the materialized view log contains fewer columns
      Name                          Null?    Type
      ----------------------------- -------- --------------------
      EFFDT DATE
      EFFSEQ NUMBER
      EMPLID VARCHAR2(11 CHAR)
      EMPL_RCD NUMBER
      SNAPTIME$$ DATE
      DMLTYPE$$ VARCHAR2(1 CHAR)
      OLD_NEW$$ VARCHAR2(1 CHAR)
      CHANGE_VECTOR$$ RAW(255)
      XID$$ NUMBER
      • The materialized view inherits the primary key from the source table because it is a single table materialized view replicated using the primary key.  Therefore there is also a unique index on this materialised view.
      SELECT constraint_name, constraint_type, table_name, index_name
      FROM user_constraints
      WHERE table_name = 'PS_DMK'
      AND constraint_type != 'C'
      /

      CONSTRAINT_NAME C TABLE_NAME INDEX_NAME
      -------------------- - ---------- ----------
      PS_JOB_PK1 P PS_DMK PS_JOB_PK1

      SELECT index_name, index_type, uniqueness
      FROM user_indexes
      WHERE table_name = 'PS_DMK'
      /

      INDEX_NAME INDEX_TYPE UNIQUENES
      ---------- ---------- ---------
      PS_JOB_PK1 NORMAL UNIQUE

      SELECT index_name, column_position, column_name, descend
      FROM user_ind_columns
      WHERE table_name = 'PS_DMK'
      /

      INDEX_NAME COLUMN_POSITION COLUMN_NAME DESC
      ---------- --------------- -------------------- ----
      PS_JOB_PK1 1 EFFDT ASC
      PS_JOB_PK1 2 EFFSEQ ASC
      PS_JOB_PK1 3 EMPLID ASC
      PS_JOB_PK1 4 EMPL_RCD ASC




    • The build script clears out the MV_CAPABILITIES_TABLE when it drops the materialized view.  This table is used to hold the output from DBMS_MVIEW.EXPLAIN_MVIEW (see Oracle Database Data Warehousing Guide - ), which Application Designer executes when the materialized view record is saved.

    • Example 3:DMK_DPT_SEC_MVW is a materialised view that is cloned from security view DEPT_SEC_SRCH.This view references various tables (I have edited out column lists and predicates for readability)

      SELECT …
      FROM PS_DEPT_TBL DEPT
      , PSOPRDEFN OPR
      WHERE EXISTS (
      SELECT 'X'
      FROM PS_SJT_DEPT SEC
      , PS_SJT_CLASS_ALL CLS
      , PS_SJT_OPR_CLS SOC
      …)
      OR EXISTS (
      SELECT 'X'
      FROM PS_SJT_DEPT SEC
      , PS_SJT_CLASS_ALL CLS
      , PS_SJT_OPR_CLS SOC
      …)
      OR EXISTS (
      SELECT 'X'
      FROM PS_SJT_DEPT SEC
      , PS_SJT_CLASS_ALL CLS
      , PS_SJT_OPR_CLS SOC
      …)
      But only 4 views appear in PSPTMATVWDEP.  PS_SJT_DEPT was not added.
      SELECT * FROM psptmatvwdep WHERE recname = 'DMK_DPT_SEC_MVW'
      /

      RECNAME PTMAT_BASETBL
      --------------- ------------------
      DMK_DPT_SEC_MVW PSOPRDEFN
      DMK_DPT_SEC_MVW PS_DEPT_TBL
      DMK_DPT_SEC_MVW PS_SJT_CLASS_ALL
      DMK_DPT_SEC_MVW PS_SJT_OPR_CLS
      I think this is because it tried and failed to add primary key constraint and materialized view log to PS_SJT_DEPT because it has a 'duplicate key' defined in Application Designer.  The following errors are found in the build log even if the build script is not executed.
      ALTER TABLE PS_SJT_DEPT ADD CONSTRAINT PS_SJT_DEPT_PK PRIMARY KEY 
      (SCRTY_KEY1, SCRTY_KEY2, SCRTY_KEY3, SCRTY_TYPE_CD, SETID)
      Error: DMK_DPT_SEC_MVW - SQL Error. Error Position: 39 Return: 2437
      - ORA-02437: cannot validate (SYSADM.PS_SJT_DEPT_PK) - primary key violated

      CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW LOG ON PS_SJT_DEPT TABLESPACE PSMATVW
      WITH PRIMARY KEY, ROWID, SEQUENCE (DEPTID, EFFDT_NOKEY)
      INCLUDING NEW VALUES PURGE IMMEDIATE
      Error: DMK_DPT_SEC_MVW - SQL Error. Error Position: 39 Return: 2437
      - ORA-02437: cannot validate (SYSADM.PS_SJT_DEPT_PK) - primary key violated
      Application Designer worked out that PS_SJT_DEPT was referenced in the materialized view query, but it didn't check that the table does not has a unique key defined in PeopleTools.

      We didn't get as far as creating the materialized view.  However, Application Designer passed the create Materialized View command to the EXPLAIN_MVIEW function in order to populate
      EXECUTE DBMS_MVIEW.EXPLAIN_MVIEW (q'[CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW PS_DMK_DPT_SEC_MVW (SETID, OPRID, DEPTID, DESCR
      , DESCRSHORT, SETID_LOCATION, LOCATION, MANAGER_ID, COMPANY, USE_BUDGETS, USE_ENCUMBRANCES)
      TABLESPACE PSMATVW BUILD DEFERRED REFRESH FAST ON DEMAND AS
      SELECT DEPT.SETID, OPR.OPRID, DEPT.DEPTID , DEPT.DESCR , DEPT.DESCRSHORT , DEPT.SETID_LOCATION
      , DEPT.LOCATION , DEPT.MANAGER_ID , DEPT.COMPANY , DEPT.USE_BUDGETS , DEPT.USE_ENCUMBRANCES
      FROM PS_DEPT_TBL DEPT , PSOPRDEFN OPR
      WHERE EXISTS (
      SELECT 'X' FROM PS_SJT_DEPT SEC , PS_SJT_CLASS_ALL CLS , PS_SJT_OPR_CLS SOC
      WHERE SEC.SETID = DEPT.SETID AND SEC.DEPTID = DEPT.DEPTID AND SEC.EFFDT_NOKEY = DEPT.EFFDT
      AND CLS.SCRTY_SET_CD = 'PPLJOB' AND CLS.SCRTY_TYPE_CD = '001' AND CLS.TREE = 'Y'
      AND CLS.SCRTY_KEY1 = SEC.SCRTY_KEY1 AND CLS.SCRTY_KEY2 = SEC.SCRTY_KEY2
      AND CLS.SCRTY_KEY3 = SEC.SCRTY_KEY3 AND SOC.OPRID
      Example 4: DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW is a materialized view cloned from JOB_CURR_ALL_VWIn this case I will try to create a materialized view on a complex query, but this time the underlying table has a unique key.  When I try to build the materialized view I get the following entries in the error log.  These warnings were obtained from the entries in MV_CAPABILITIES_TABLE which was populated by an attempt to describe the query.
      SQL Build process began on 16/02/2015 at 21:05:30 for database HR92U011. 
      Error: Cannot create Materialized View on record DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW.
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REFRESH_COMPLETE| Y | | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REFRESH_FAST| N | | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REWRITE| N | | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REFRESH_FAST_AFTER_INSERT| N | aggregate function in mv | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REFRESH_FAST_AFTER_INSERT| N | multiple instances of the same table or view | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REFRESH_FAST_AFTER_ONETAB_DML| N | see the reason why REFRESH_FAST_AFTER_INSERT is disabled | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REFRESH_FAST_AFTER_ANY_DML| N | see the reason why REFRESH_FAST_AFTER_ONETAB_DML is disabled | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REWRITE_FULL_TEXT_MATCH| N | Oracle error: see RELATED_NUM and RELATED_TEXT for details |expression not supported for query rewrite |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REWRITE_FULL_TEXT_MATCH| N | Oracle error: see RELATED_NUM and RELATED_TEXT for details |expression not supported for query rewrite |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REWRITE_FULL_TEXT_MATCH| N | query rewrite is disabled on the materialized view | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REWRITE_PARTIAL_TEXT_MATCH| N | materialized view cannot support any type of query rewrite | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REWRITE_PARTIAL_TEXT_MATCH| N | query rewrite is disabled on the materialized view | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REWRITE_GENERAL| N | subquery present in the WHERE clause | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REWRITE_GENERAL| N | materialized view cannot support any type of query rewrite | |
      Warning: | PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW | REWRITE_GENERAL| N | query rewrite is disabled on the materialized view | |

      SQL Build process ended on 16/02/2015 at 21:05:30.
      1 records processed, 1 errors, 15 warnings.
      SQL Build script for all processes written to file C:\Temp\PSBUILD.SQL.
      SQL executed online.
      SQL Build log file written to C:\Temp\PSBUILD.LOG.
      • So, Application Designer does try to prevent you from creating materialized views that Oracle won't manage, but the messages back are a little obscure.
      • If I change the refresh mode to Complete, Application Designer does not create materialized view logs. 
      CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW (EMPLID, EMPL_RCD,
      ACTION_DT, BUSINESS_UNIT, EMPL_STATUS, HR_STATUS, DEPTID, JOBCODE,
      LOCATION, POSITION_NBR, ACTION, ACTION_REASON, COMP_FREQUENCY,
      COMPRATE, CURRENCY_CD, SAL_ADMIN_PLAN, GRADE, COMPANY, PAY_SYSTEM_FLG
      , PAYGROUP, REG_TEMP, FULL_PART_TIME, SETID_DEPT, SETID_JOBCODE,
      SETID_LOCATION, PER_ORG) TABLESPACE PSMATVW BUILD IMMEDIATE REFRESH
      COMPLETE ON DEMAND AS SELECT A.EMPLID ,A.EMPL_RCD ,A.EFFDT
      ,A.BUSINESS_UNIT ,A.EMPL_STATUS ,A.HR_STATUS ,A.DEPTID ,A.JOBCODE
      ,A.LOCATION ,A.POSITION_NBR ,A.ACTION ,A.ACTION_REASON
      ,A.COMP_FREQUENCY ,A.COMPRATE ,A.CURRENCY_CD ,A.SAL_ADMIN_PLAN
      ,A.GRADE ,A.COMPANY ,A.PAY_SYSTEM_FLG ,A.PAYGROUP ,A.REG_TEMP
      ,A.FULL_PART_TIME ,A.SETID_DEPT ,A.SETID_JOBCODE ,A.SETID_LOCATION
      ,A.PER_ORG FROM PS_JOB A WHERE A.EFFDT = ( SELECT MAX (C.EFFDT) FROM
      PS_JOB C WHERE C.EMPLID = A.EMPLID AND C.EMPL_RCD = A.EMPL_RCD AND
      ((C.EFFDT <= TO_DATE(TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YYYY-MM-DD'),'YYYY-MM-DD')) OR
      (A.EFFDT > TO_DATE(TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YYYY-MM-DD'),'YYYY-MM-DD') AND
      TO_DATE(TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YYYY-MM-DD'),'YYYY-MM-DD') < ( SELECT
      MIN(J2.EFFDT) FROM PS_JOB J2 WHERE J2.EMPLID = A.EMPLID AND
      J2.EMPL_RCD = A.EMPL_RCD) ) )) AND A.EFFSEQ = ( SELECT MAX(D.EFFSEQ)
      FROM PS_JOB D WHERE D.EMPLID = A.EMPLID AND D.EMPL_RCD = A.EMPL_RCD
      AND D.EFFDT = A.EFFDT)
      /
      UPDATE PSPTMATVWDEFN SET PTMAT_MATSTAT = 1, PTMAT_REFRESHSTAT = 1,
      (PTMAT_LASTREFRESH, PTMAT_STALENESS) = (SELECT LAST_REFRESH_DATE,
      STALENESS FROM USER_MVIEWS WHERE MVIEW_NAME = 'PS_DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW')
      WHERE RECNAME = 'DMK_JOB_CUR_MVW'
      /
      • Also, It doesn't create a primary key constraint on either the underlying table or the materialized view.  So this materialized view doesn't have any indexes.
      Query ReWriteOne common use of complex materialized views is to allow the optimizer to rewrite the query to use the materialized view when it sees the same query as was used to create the materialized view.  Optionally the optimizer will also check that the view is up to date.  I have added the enable query rewrite clause.
      DROP MATERIALIZED VIEW PS_DMK_PER_DEP_MVW
      /
      CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW PS_DMK_PER_DEP_MVW (SETID_DEPT, DEPTID, EFFDT
      , DESCR) TABLESPACE PSMATVW
      BUILD IMMEDIATE REFRESH COMPLETE ON DEMAND
      enable query rewrite
      AS SELECT A.SETID ,A.DEPTID ,A.EFFDT ,A.DESCR FROM PS_DEPT_TBL A
      WHERE A.EFFDT= ( SELECT MAX(B.EFFDT) FROM PS_DEPT_TBL B WHERE A.SETID
      =B.SETID AND A.DEPTID= B.DEPTID AND B.EFFDT<=TO_DATE(TO_CHAR(SYSDATE
      ,'YYYY-MM-DD'),'YYYY-MM-DD'))
      /
      However, expressions - in this case one generated to determine the current effective-dated department - are not supported for query write.
      =B.SETID AND A.DEPTID= B.DEPTID AND B.EFFDT<=TO_DATE(TO_CHAR(SYSDATE
      *
      ERROR at line 7:
      ORA-30353: expression not supported for query rewrite
      This could make it very difficult to use the feature in PeopleSoft. If you want to use the materialized view you are likely to have to reference it explicitly in the code.
      Refreshing materialized ViewsThere is a new component to manage the refresh frequency of materialized views.
      PeopleTools-> Utilities-> Administration -> Oracle Materialized Views -> Materialized View Maintenance
      This component will schedule an Application Engine process called PTMATREFVW.
      What this Application Engine actually does is to specify the refresh frequency for the materialized view
      &AlterSQL = "alter materialized view " | &mview_name 
      | " REFRESH NEXT SYSDATE + (" | &MatRecords.PTMAT_REFINT.Value | "/86400)";
      So the command issued is just
      alter materialized view PS_DMK REFRESH  NEXT SYSDATE + (4242/86400)";
      Effectively, for each materialized view, this creates a refresh group and a database job that refreshes it.
      SELECT rname, next_date, interval FROM user_refresh
      /

      RNAME NEXT_DATE INTERVAL
      ---------- --------- -------------------------
      PS_DMK 24-JAN-15 SYSDATE + (4242/86400)

      SELECT name, type, rname, job, next_date, interval FROM user_refresh_children
      /

      NAME TYPE RNAME JOB NEXT_DATE INTERVAL
      ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --------- -------------------------
      PS_DMK SNAPSHOT PS_DMK 21 24-JAN-15 SYSDATE + (4242/86400)

      SELECT job, next_date, next_Sec, interval, what FROM dba_jobs
      /

      JOB NEXT_DATE NEXT_SEC INTERVAL
      ---------- --------- -------- -------------------------
      WHAT
      --------------------------------------------------
      21 24-JAN-15 11:48:52 SYSDATE + (4242/86400)
      dbms_refresh.refresh('"SYSADM"."PS_DMK"');
      • But I might want to group related materialized views together into a single refresh group.
      • I might want to refresh the job at a particular time, which can be done with a more sophisticated function in the interval. 
      • I might prefer to refresh a materialized view at a particular point in a batch schedule.  So I might prefer to code that into an application engine, or have the application engine submit a job that only fires once and does resubmit (depending on whether I want to wait for the refresh).
      My Recommendations
      • Good Things
        • The removal of the descending indexes and the creation of the primary key is a good thing
        • It is useful to be able to define the materialized view query in PeopleTools along with the rest of the applicaiton.
        • The use of EXPLAIN_MVIEW to test the validity of the materialized view and to populate MV_CAPABILITIES_TABLE is clever, but the messages are obscure and should be better documented.
      • Bad Things
        • No checking that a source table in the local database doesn't have a unique key that will support a primary key.
        • I can't build indexes on materialized view.  Although, the primary key will be inherited automatically on single table materialized views.  So you will have to handle that manually outside PeopleTools.
        • There is no support for rowid based materialized views.
        • The materialized view logs created by Application Designer are totally overblown - there is far too much data being logged.  They should be either primark key or rowid (if primary key is not possible), but not both.  I cannot see the point of the additional columns.  I think they are a waste of resource.
        • The flip-flopping of the build script is confusing; you will never be completely sure what you have in the database. 
        • The script dropping the materialized view unnecessarily, which will drop any indexes that you have created manually!
      • I think some of the problems stem from trying to graft materialized views onto the existing view record type, instead of creating a new record type and building it into Application Designer properly and giving it the attributes of both a table and a view.
      • There is not enough control over when a materialized view is refreshed.  Just a time interval is not good enough.  In most systems, you need better control.
      • It is clearly going to be difficult getting database query rewrite to work with complex materialized views in PeopleSoft, especially if effective-date logic is required.  However, that is a reflection on the application code rather than the way support for materialized views has been implemented.
       When you design materialized views into your application you need to make careful choices about
      • Refresh method
        • Complete - pretty much mandatory for multi-table views, but there are some exceptions to this rule described in the Oracle database documentation.
        • Fast - only for single table - rarely used within a single database - more commonly used for moving data between databases.  In which case, you need database links and the materialized view log goes onto the source database and the materialized view is created on the target.
      • Refresh mode
        • On commit - this is potentially dangerous because it could happen too often and there won't be a saving.  Possible exception being when the underlying table is only ever updated by a batch process
        • On demand - manually issue refresh at a specific point in a batch
        • On schedule by a database job.
      • Build options
        • Immediate - the materialized view is populated when it is created
        • Deferred - the materialized view is not poplulated when it is created, and will have to be completely refreshed at some point in the future.
      Choice of refresh method and mode is often a function question.  How stale can the materialized view be allowed to be, especially if you can't get query rewrite to work.  Thoughtful design is required.  I have seen systems severely degraded by the query and redo overhead of excessive refresh. 
      PeopleTools support of materialized views certainly has some good things, but as it stands it is of limited use when it still leaves you with a lot of manual administration to do. 

      In most systems it is the DBAs who will have to manage the materialized views.  They are generally resistant to using PeopleSoft specific tools to do database administration.  That is going to be even more challenging when only a part of the job can be done in PeopleSoft.

      dramatic differences of in memory scanning performance on range queries

      Karl Reitschuster - Tue, 2015-02-17 11:07
      Given following two identical tables, on which run the same SQL,  replicated in memory with oracle in-memory option - one table created out of the other.
      each tables covers 24m rows.
          
      Same structure ...

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