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New post at 20MM: Two Approaches to Watch in Remedial Education Innovation

Mon, 2014-03-10 13:12

The 20 Million Minds Foundation is starting a new blog, and for topics of mutual interest, Michael and I will be posting articles  several times a month on their site and occasionally cross-posting here. The first article of mine went up last week.

Two Approaches to Watch in Remedial Education Innovation

It is no secret that the current approach to remedial (or developmental) courses does not work. According to a study by Complete College America (see original for footnotes documenting sources):

“The numbers tell a dispiriting story. Half of all undergraduates and 70 percent of community college students take at least one remedial course. Too many of these students never overcome being placed into a remedial course. Only about a quarter of community college students who take a remedial course graduate within eight years. In fact, most students who are referred to remedial education do not even complete the remedial sequence: One study found 46 percent of students completed the sequence in reading and only 33 percent completed it in math.”

Following the maxim that “if it doesn’t work, try something else”, two community colleges on opposite coasts – Miami-Dade College in Florida and Cerritos College in California – are trying to change the game. What can we learn from these two divergent examples?

Read the whole article here.


The post New post at 20MM: Two Approaches to Watch in Remedial Education Innovation appeared first on e-Literate.

New e-Literate TV Episode: Adaptive Learning and Learning Analytics

Fri, 2014-03-07 12:55

In our latest episode, the penultimate in the pilot series, we explore the topics that are likely to be moving up the curve of the hype cycle this year—adaptive learning and learning analytics.  Like many of the topics in the pilot series, we could have made an entire series about this one. (And maybe we will at some point.) But since the first adaptive learning product faculty will run into is most likely to be from a textbook publisher, we interviewed McGraw Hill’s Al Essa and Pearson’s Jason Jordan about their respective takes on what this trend is all about.

Here it is.

The post New e-Literate TV Episode: Adaptive Learning and Learning Analytics appeared first on e-Literate.

Outcomes-Based Education and the Conservative Radicalism of the AAC&U

Thu, 2014-03-06 15:46

I have been invited to participate on the Digital Working Group of the Association of American Colleges & Universities (AAC&U’s) General Education Maps and Markers (GEMs) program. (As we will see, AAC&U loves its acronyms.) GEMs is a really interesting project made even more interesting because of who is doing it. AAC&U is a fundamentally conservative organization in the sense that their purview is to help conserve that which is valuable and distinctive about the American college education. GEMs is part of a larger alphabet soup of AAC&U initiatives that are clearly about outcomes-based education and arguably about competency-based education (CBE). (For more on the distinction between these two, see Phil’s earlier blog post on the subject.) The organization’s leadership is frank about the fact that these have been at least partly defensive moves; given all the pressure for increasing accountability, the Association felt that academics should lead the charge on defining what that should mean before others define it for them. (GEMs is the latest in a series of related efforts to that end.) But the trail they are blazing has the potential to be pretty radical. Maybe even more radical than the organization has fully come to grips with.

I’m going to be doing some of my homework for the working group here on the blog in future posts, but before I do that, I’d like to take the time in this one to outline what I understand to be the goal and context of GEMs. Fair warning: I’m not sure that my understanding is correct. I am new to AAC&U and, to be honest, they were not terribly good at articulating the goals for GEMs at the first summit. (I am not the only participant who had trouble parsing the goals and priorities.) With any luck, some AAC&U veterans will read this and correct any mistakes I make along the way.


In the beginning, there was LEAP (Liberal Education & America’s Promise).1 Started in 2005, it is the precursor to the other programs I will be talking about. I’m not going to spend a lot of time parsing that pre-history (either for you or for myself), but I find this definition from the vision paper to be emblematic of all these related efforts:

Liberal Education: An approach to college learning that seeks to empower individuals and prepare them to deal with complexity, diversity, and change. This approach emphasizes broad knowledge of the wider world (e.g., science, culture, and society) as well as in-depth achievement in at least one specific field of study. It helps students develop a sense of social responsibility, strong cross-disciplinary intellectual and practical skills (e.g., communication, analytical and problem-solving skills), and a demonstrated ability to apply knowledge and skills in real-world settings.2

This, I think, is the heart of the matter. This is what they view themselves as defending. In an important sense, LEAP, GEMs, and the other initiatives I will write about here are all efforts to adapt the means of achieving a liberal education to the changing times in order to preserve the core values.

Several initiatives flowed out of LEAP, the first of which is the Degree Qualifications Profile (DQP). On the one hand, DQP appears to conform to the principles of Competency-Based Education that SPT Malan articulated in his article describing the CBE (and referenced in the aforementioned post by Phil):

  • Explicit learning outcomes with respect to the required skills and concomitant proficiency (standards for assessment)
  • A flexible time frame to master these skills
  • A variety of  instructional activities to facilitate learning
  • Criterion-referenced testing of the required outcomes
  • Certification based on demonstrated learning outcomes
  • Adaptable programs to ensure optimum learner guidance

Some of these points are fairly radical relative to the traditional structure of an undergraduate liberal arts degree, and I want to be clear that AAC&U appears to embrace these radicalisms. For example, they approvingly distributed a copy of Paul LeBlanc’s Inside Higher Ed essay advocating for CBE, including an explicit call for “a fundamental change at the core of our higher education ‘system’: making learning non-negotiable and the claims for learning clear while making time variable” [emphasis in original]. The two areas where they appear to want to push back against the current popular interpretations of CBE are (1) they have a more expansive notion of the educational goals of CBE which includes moral education and a grounding in academic disciplinarity, and (2) they advocate for rich and authentic (and, implicitly, often human-graded) assessment. They also view the core value proposition for students somewhat differently. The typical reason people embrace CBE is to support educational access. The idea is that students should be able to test out of competencies that they already know (or can learn through non-tuition-costing experiences) and thus reduce the time and expense of a college degree. While there is nothing I’ve seen in the AAC&U documents that precludes this notion, their emphasis is on educational quality. One of the uses of DQP is as a kind of nutritional labeling for a degree program. DQP focuses on five dimensions:  applied learning, civic learning, intellectual skills, broad integrative knowledge, and specialized knowledge:

This graph can be used as the basis for defining the distinctive characteristics of a particular school or degree program, like so:

The Oregon University System is doing these “spiderweb graphs” for programs across all of their colleges. Which brings me to another goal for DQP; namely, it functions as a tool around which campuses can build conversations regarding common educational goals. As I said in my post about Pearson’s efficacy framework, the magic of any rubric is in the norming conversation.

As you might imagine, these competencies are defined at a very high level in order to be useful across a broad range of institutions. For example, one goal (objective? competency?) under the heading of “Broad, Integrative Knowledge” is “Produces an investigative, creative or practical work that draws on specific theories, tools, and methods from at least two core fields of study.” This is a perfect example of the balancing act that the AAC&U is attempting to perform. On the one hand, they need to be specific enough that the criteria are meaningful and enable at least first-approximation comparisons of the similarities and differences among and between institutions. (AAC&U seems understandably cautious about embracing comparisons between institutions too whole-heartedly, but that’s really what the spiderweb graph above enables.) On the other hand, they need to provide enough flexibility in the framework to support the kind of faculty-, discipline- and academic-centric vision for higher education that they are fighting to preserve. (One of the unresolved and unspoken tensions in this work, which I’ll touch on again later, is that the AAC&U does support values like academic freedom that are near and dear to faculty but do not necessarily take a faculty-centric view of the world if you define “faculty-centric” from a labor perspective.) They need to provide enough specificity to enable campus communities to understand how to proceed yet enough flexibility to allow each campus to make the framework work within their own cultural and academic peculiarities.


Nowhere does this balancing act become more apparent than in assessment. It’s easy enough to create mom and apple pie goals that everybody can agree to, in part because everybody can pretend that they share the same definitions while traveling down divergent paths. The Valid Assessment of Learning in Undergraduate Education (VALUE) framework is therefore where the rubber meets the road in an important sense. VALUE is intended to be

a quality assurance framework to help institutions, systems, and accreditors determine to what degree students are making progress toward the expected competencies, and whether students meet graduation-level standards for demonstrated achievement.

At its heart, VALUE is a set of 16 rubrics across the following areas:

  • Inquiry and analysis
  • Critical thinking
  • Creative thinking
  • Written communication
  • Oral communication
  • Reading
  • Quantitative literacy
  • Information literacy
  • Teamwork
  • Problem solving

AAC&U claims that they “ensure a high level of reliability and validity of the results”, presumably based on inter-rater studies that they’ve done. (Like I said, the magic of the rubric is in the norming conversation.) But again, the organization works hard to strike a balance between specificity and flexibility. Here is an example of a criterion from their “Integrative Learning” rubric:

 CapstoneMilestoneMilestoneBenchmark 4321 Connections to discipline: Sees (makes) connections across disciplines, perspectivesIndependently creates wholes out of multiple parts (synthesizes) or draws conclusions by combining examples, facts, or theiroies from more than one field of study or perspective.Independently connects examples, facts, or theories from more than one field of study or perspective.When prompted, connects examples, facts, or theories from more than one field of study or perspective.When prompted, presents examples, facts, or theories from more than one field of study or perspective.

This is pretty specific without being totally rigid. You can see where this level of specificity is likely to get fairly high inter-rater agreement among colleagues at the same institution or a peer institution while still allowing for some differences of interpretation between, say, an Ivy League school and a community college.

Now, having defined a set of competencies and a set of rubrics for assessing those competencies, there is the slight problem that the overwhelming majority of schools currently implement neither, have the curricular and support structure for neither, and are missing the tools to get students from one to the other. That’s where General Education Maps and Markers (GEMs)3 comes in. It is intended to be the connective tissue between DQP and VALUE.

The heart of this work seems to be in the Design Working Group, which is charged with coming up with case studies and exemplar practices of how institutions can build gen ed programs that are compatible with DQP and VALUE. I don’t have a clear sense of what their final product will look like, other than a collection of examples, but maybe a collection of examples is a good enough place to start. Their work is supported by the Equity Working Group and the Digital Working Group.

Wanted: A Theory of Change

One of the questions asked by a colleague on the Digital Working Group, after hearing a few hours of background presentation the first day of the first meeting, was “What is your theory of change?” That’s my concern too. At first blush, I very much like what I see in DQP and VALUE. In fact, I think these frameworks collectively represent the beginnings of the robust yet realistic vision for the future of liberal arts education that I’ve been yearning for so dearly. But I would like them to be more than a vision. So far, AAC&U can only talk about a handful of pilots and experiments with them. I’m not sure how they and GEMs will move into broader adoption. There are two dangers here. The first is that they will end the way the vast majority of grant-funded, association-created academic frameworks end up, if we’re being honest. In a drawer somewhere.4 The other danger is that they will get uptake but will run into one or more of several fairly obvious buzz saws. For example, if we are serious about the notion that competencies are rigorously enforced but time to completion is variable, that has deep implications for the academic labor force. Who is talking to the unions about this? Or the faculty senates? Another danger is based in the fact that there is an enormous amount of money being invested into a quite different vision of CBE. There is huge potential for confusion and co-optation. If AAC&U is to be successful, they will need to engage with the broader academic community early and robustly.

I worry because my first impression of the organization is that they it is fairly insular with a relatively uneven sense of what the world outside is like or how to interact with it. For example, one of the AAC&U leaders was absolutely flabbergasted that I had never heard of the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) and that I wasn’t embarrassed to admit it. And of course, I undeniably am a remedial student in some ways, being new to both the AAC&U and some of the broader conversations and efforts that intersect with theirs. But I am hardly the only person to have never heard of NSSE. Nor does the organization seem to know how to help people like me become more aware of their world, what goes on in it, and why we should care about it. There are sparse stubs of articles on Wikipedia about NSSE and AAC&U itself and nothing at all on DQP, VALUE, or GEMs. The descriptions of DQP, VALUE, and GEMs on their own web sites were disjointed, and it is hard to figure out exactly how they are connected to each other (which is one reason to encourage crowdsourcing of descriptions through something like Wikipedia). There was no hashtag for the GEMs meeting and no awareness of how social media could have been an aid to the work going on in the room. In order for me to download the 16 VALUE rubrics, I had to go through a complicated and poorly designed ecommerce checkout process even though the rubrics are free. I could go on. Within the world of AAC&U participants, they seem to do a pretty good job of building (non-technological) social networks. But if you’re outside the tent, then you’re waaay outside the tent. And there is a lot of world outside that tent.

I want to be careful not to overgeneralize here; I met any number of highly aware and networked people at the GEMs meeting, particularly on the Digital Working Group. But as an institution, the AAC&U does not seem to be wired for the kind of outreach that it will need to do if DQP, VALUE, and GEMs are to have the impact that they should.

And so, with the blessings of my working group chair Randy Bass (who, by the way, is fantastic), I will be blogging my exemplar homework for the GEMs Digital Working Group, and I will be inviting you to submit your own exemplars, as well as any comments, concerns, criticisms, or kudos you might want to add. I hope that my GEMs colleagues will also join in. Let’s see if we can create an exemplar of our own.

Stay tuned.

  1. In addition to loving acronyms, AAC&U also apparently loves ampersands.
  2. On the other hand, AAC&U does not appear to be a stickler for consistent use of the Oxford comma.
  3. What? No Ampersand in General Education Maps and Markers?
  4. “This is the way the world ends…”

The post Outcomes-Based Education and the Conservative Radicalism of the AAC&U appeared first on e-Literate.

New e-Literate TV Episode – CourseWare: What Comes After the Textbook

Wed, 2014-03-05 11:54

We’ve just published our fourth episode in the e-Literate TV pilot series. This one is about CourseWare. Frequent e-Literate readers will know that this is a topic Phil and I think is important and growing in importance. You’re most likely to have heard of the products from the big publishers—Pearson’s CourseConnect, McGraw Hill’s SmartBooks, Cengage’s MindTap, and Wiley’s WileyPLUS—but there are also a lot of smaller entrants that are worth paying attention to.

For this episode, I got to interview two of my favorite people in ed tech: Soomo Publishing’s David Lindrum and Lumen Learning’s Kim Thanos. Both of these folks run small companies that are doing good and novel work with the courseware product category without having huge technology budgets or whizzy adaptive engines. And they have some really interesting things to say about how the advent courseware changes the way we have to approach the development of curricular materials.

Take a look.

The post New e-Literate TV Episode – CourseWare: What Comes After the Textbook appeared first on e-Literate.

New e-Literate TV Episode: MOOC Mania

Tue, 2014-03-04 13:45

We have just published our third episode in the first ETV series—an interview with Stanford University’s Amy Collier about MOOCs. As is often the case with these episode, there are lots of different angles we could have taken. This episode is really the answer to a colleague who asks, “What is this thing that Tom Friedman has been talking about?” Amy does a terrific job of delivering a hype (and anti-hype) antidote.

Take a look.

We’ll have broader coverage in the full series about MOOCs we’ll be releasing after this current one, developed from the interviews that Phil and I conducted at the MOOC Research Initiative Conference.

The post New e-Literate TV Episode: MOOC Mania appeared first on e-Literate.

edX forced to block access to students in Cuba, Iran and Sudan

Tue, 2014-03-04 06:44

In late January I wrote here and here about the US Treasury Department, through the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), blocking access to Coursera courses by students in Syria, Cuba, Iran and Sudan (also see Kris Olds article here and IHE article here). The reason for the decision appears to be that MOOCs were classified as educational services instead of informational materials. At the time, edX was permitted to operate in those countries based on their reliance on getting licenses approved by OFAC, whereas Coursera was relying on a broad interpretation by OFAC. edX president Anant Agarwal even posted on a blog a somewhat congratulatory note:

At edX, we are pleased to announce that no one, in any country, is blocked from taking one of our courses, and we have never blocked students from receiving education on the edX platform because of where they live.

EdX has worked for many months with the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets and Control (“OFAC”) and the U.S. State Department to determine how we can assure that no one in any country is blocked from taking an edX course.

Now comes word that edX has been forced by OFAC to block access to several courses for students in Cuba, Iran and Sudan. From The Harvard Crimson late yesterday:

Due to federal regulations, edX plans to block students in Cuba, Iran, and Sudan from taking an upcoming online course on aerodynamics and modern aircraft design, according to a blog post written by edX president Anant Agarwal on Monday.

“We are deeply sorry to have to block any student anywhere from taking an edX course,” Agarwal wrote in the post. “This is completely antithetical to the vision and foundational values of edX and all [massive open online courses]. We will continue to work diligently with the U.S. government until every student, from any country in the world, can take any course they choose on edX.”

The course, entitled “Flight Vehicle Aerodynamics” and taught by MIT faculty, covers advanced physics and aircraft design. It is scheduled to begin classes on March 5.

edX will now have to block IP addresses from these three countries within the specific courses. It is not clear why Syria is not included in the list.

Coursera, for its part, recently hired Google’s Director of Legal for several product lines as the new General Counsel. It is not clear whether this hire is directly related to their recent problems distributing the courses in Syria, Cuba, Iran and Sudan, but the hire should help them navigate the growing problems with foreign operation.

In my opinion, these rulings (first the broad interpretation for Coursera then the specific license interpretation for edX) indicate that the US Treasury Department intends to regulate MOOCs and other online education ventures based on student location. Just as the for-credit online education world is having to deal with State Authorization rules based on the state residency of students, now open education has to consider the country of residency for students.

At least based on government regulators in the US, anytime and anywhere access to education might become less of a reality.

The post edX forced to block access to students in Cuba, Iran and Sudan appeared first on e-Literate.

A response to New Yorker article on ‘A MOOC Mystery’

Sat, 2014-03-01 12:39

The New Yorker published an article yesterday titled “A MOOC Mystery: Where Do Online Students Go?” which tried to explain low MOOC completion rates by comparing the situation to the General Educational Development (GED) exam. Right off the bat, the article conflates MOOCs with “online students”. MOOCs are but one form of online education, and a very recent one at that. Worse, however, is that the entire basis for the article is quite flawed – GED results do not give much insight into MOOC students patters, and it turns out there is not much of a mystery in the first place.

The hook in this article seems to be the coincidence of two numbers [emphasis added]:

When the Times declared 2012 the “Year of the MOOC,” it seemed, in the words of the paper, that “everyone wants in,” with schools, students, and investors eager to participate. But, as can happen in academia, early ambition faded when the first few assessments were returned, and, since then the open-online model appears to have earned an incomplete, at best. An average of only four per cent of registered users finished their MOOCs in a recent University of Pennsylvania study, and half of those enrolled did not view even a single lecture. EdX, a MOOC collaboration between Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, has shown results that are a little more encouraging, but not much. And a celebrated partnership between San Jose State and Udacity, the company co-founded by Sebastian Thrun, a Stanford professor turned MOOC magnate , also failed, when students in the online pilot courses consistently fared worse than their counterparts in the equivalent courses on campus.

Some of the problems encountered by MOOCs echo those of an earlier model of alternative learning. Last month, the General Educational Development exam, or G.E.D., was replaced by a more challenging computer version. Like MOOCs, the G.E.D, which has been around since 1942, is partially an attempt to save time and money in education, and to extend opportunity to students outside the traditional classroom. As a marker of high-school equivalence, it holds the promise that an entire academic career can be distilled into the knowledge required to pass a five-part exam.

But according to a September, 2013, American RadioWorks report, of the forty per cent of G.E.D.-holders who go on to college, fewer than half complete more than a year, and only about four per cent earn a four-year degree. The additional rigor of the redesigned exam might not be the solution. The military tried a similar approach when, in the nineteen-seventies, it raised the G.E.D. scores required for entry. Even then, G.E.D. applicants quit or were thrown out of the service at a higher rate than enlistees with high-school degrees.

Get it? Oh, the possible conclusions we can draw now that we’ve established this remarkable insight!

There might be just a few problems with this analogy, however.

  • The GED is targeted at high school students who did not or could not complete their high school education and graduate; MOOCs appeal for the most part to working professional adults who already have at least a bachelor’s degree (according to the same U Penn Study cited by the New Yorker, an “overwhelming 83 percent already have a two-year or four-year degree, the study showed” and “44 percent have advanced degrees”).
  • The “half” and “4%” numbers in the GED study are based on whether or not they got a four-year college degree; other several pilot programs, MOOCs offer no credit towards a degree.
  • The GED is an official government program to grant a credential; MOOCs are based on open education in that anyone can sign up, and for the most part the learners do not care about certificates or any acknowledgement of completion.
  • The GED is a test – passing the test is the point, not learning; MOOCs are learning opportunities – for the majority of learners, access to educational content is the point, not testing.
  • The SJSU / Udacity courses were not MOOCs – they were non-massive, controlled access online courses.

Before we go on, let me point out that I am not making an argument that MOOC completion rates are a non-issue, nor am I arguing that MOOCs are solving higher education problems. What I am pointing out is that the New Yorker is basing its whole article on a faulty analogy.

Not only is the analogy flawed, but the focus on course completion in MOOCs in this simplistic fashion is also flawed, as was pointed out as the #1 takeaway in the HarvardX / MITx study linked by the New Yorker article:

Takeaway 1: Course completion rates, often seen as a bellwether for MOOCs, can be misleading and may at times be counterproductive indicators of the impact and potential of open online courses.

The researchers found evidence of large numbers of registrants who may not have completed a course, but who still accessed substantial amounts of course content. Across the 17 MITx and HarvardX courses covered in the reports, 43,196 registrants earned certificates of completion. Additionally, another 35,937 registrants explored half or more of the units in a course without achieving certification.

The author does acknowledge later in the article this exact flaw in the basis for his own article:

But students may go into an online course knowing that a completion certificate, even offered under the imprimatur of Harvard or UPenn, doesn’t have the same worth. A recent study by a team of researchers from Coursera found that, for many MOOC students, the credential isn’t the goal at all. Students may treat the MOOC as a resource or a text rather than as a course, jumping in to learn new code or view an enticing lecture and back out whenever they want, just as they would while skimming the wider Web.

But by this point, the author has already drawn several conclusions from his pithy insight, so who cares about context at this point?

If the New Yorker wants to explore the MOOC mystery, it turns out that it’s not such a mystery at all what is happening with MOOC students, or at least there is a fair amount of recent and ongoing research into the subject. Here is a graphic that captures some of the MOOC student patterns that is in alignment with more formal studies at Stanford and MIT.


But even better, it turns out that the U Penn study was actually presented at the MOOC Research Initiative Conference. That’s right – an entire conference based on real research into MOOC student patterns. From e-Literate TV, we have a YouTube channel populated with interviews with the MRI conference grantees – there’s a ton of insight available there. Here’s one in particular where Michael interviews Martin Weller from the Open University about their research data:

Click here to view the embedded video.

Unfortunately, I’m sure the New Yorker article will get plenty of airplay. I just hope more people ask some tough questions before jumping into the resulting debates.

Update: I should point out that several of the author’s conclusions about MOOCs have real merit, especially the need for more social interaction as well as MOOCs being incomplete but having potential. These points can be lost, however, by the faulty analogy and setup.

The post A response to New Yorker article on ‘A MOOC Mystery’ appeared first on e-Literate.

Another e-Literate TV Episode is Up

Tue, 2014-02-25 08:42

The other day, I wrote a post about community-negotiated focus and how we want e-Literate TV to be a kind of “choose your own adventure in ed tech” experience, both for individuals and for campus communities. You can get a sense of how we’re trying to do that in the first series with Phil’s interview of Inside Higher Education Editors Doug Lederman and Scott Jaschik. They talk about the changing landscape of education, why different topics in educational technology come up in the first place, and how the ways in which those topics are raised can have either a positive or a negative impact. This is the anchor episode for the series and is intended to provoke discussion that would lead to the group finding a focus in their collaborative ed tech investigation that’s important to them.

Take a look.

The post Another e-Literate TV Episode is Up appeared first on e-Literate.

Four numbers to consider from 2U’s IPO filing

Sun, 2014-02-23 18:23

With the emergence of large-scale MOOCs over the past few years, it has become common to hear discussions of online education in terms of access and scale – access to low or no cost courses and scale of tens or hundreds of thousands of students. Of course MOOCs are but one form of online ed, and with 2U, Inc filing for an IPO in 2014, we have another example of a very different, and lucrative, approach to online education. 2U’s model extends high-tuition, elite programs to a small group of students. To get a sense of this approach, consider four remarkable numbers that are based on 2U’s S-1 filing.

To provide context for these numbers, 2U’s model is somewhat unique, as described in Techonomy:

. . . 2U offers weekly live online (synchronous) classes and a sophisticated social networking platform that lets students and instructors interact. Most degrees offered through 2U also require completion of physical components such as global MBA residencies, student teaching apprenticeships, and, for nursing students, operating room training on campus and clinical experience in their communities. [snip]

Another difference is that 2U classes are small—just 10 to 15 students and a professor onscreen in a Brady Bunch grid—so admission is selective.

2U makes $10,000 – $15,000 in revenue per student per year

From our inception through December 31, 2013, a total of 8,540 unique individuals have enrolled as students in our clients’ programs. [p 1]

For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2012 and 2013, our revenue was $29.7 million, $55.9 million and $83.1 million, respectively. [p 2]

Not all of the 8,540 unique individuals are still enrolled as of 2013. However, if we assume (for simplicity’s sake) that 8,000 current students are generating $83.1 million in tuition revenue, that gives a lower bound of ~ $10,000 per student per year. It’s more likely that 2U had closer to 5,500 students (based on 84% retention rate and some students completing their programs), which gives an upper bound for 2013 of ~ $15,000 per student per year.

2U makes an average of $10 million in revenue per customer per year

2U made $83.1 million in revenue with just eight of its nine customers (the Berkeley program did not start in 2013 – see p 90). This one is simple math.

Despite this revenue, 2U is still losing money – a lot of it.

For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2012 and 2013, our net losses were $24.9 million, $23.1 million and $28.0 million, respectively [p 2]

How can this be? It turns out that it is quite expensive to start up these high-touch online programs. As described in Techonomy in fall 2012:

Shouldn’t eliminating on-campus costs such as classrooms, dorms, and parking lots translate to savings for students? Paucek says, “The notion that online is somehow a cost-saving mechanism is simply incorrect. You’re only saving cost if you make the experience low quality. We partner with a school that wants to become preeminent in their field online. We will not partner with a school if they expect to see online be discounted in any fashion.”

He says 2U spends up to $20 million ramping up a single school’s program before seeing a return. The company, which started with $98 million in VC funding, employs more than 400 [up to 600 in fall 2013]. Between 50 and 80 are dedicated to each degree program, and 2U offices on every partner’s campus offer services beyond IT. For example, for Georgetown’s online midwifery M.S., Paucek notes, “there’s no digital baby; we find a critical placement for the student in Iowa or Oregon or Florida or wherever they are.”

2U’s customers make an average of $10 million in net revenue per year

How much does each customer make in program revenue? We don’t know, but we can guess. 2U’s business model is based on revenue sharing with the customer, but the company is very careful to not state publicly what percentage of tuition revenue goes to the company and what goes to the school. The master services agreement for USC (which accounts for more than half of 2U’s revenue) explicitly redacts the percentage (note that 2U was formerly called 2tor):

2tor will be entitled to [***]% of the Net Program Proceeds [p 28]

However, we do get a sense from an interview of CEO Chip Paucek in Inc.

The company is now working with eight universities in total, across ten graduate degree programs. 2U’s contracts with the schools last some 10 to 15 years. 2U also recently announced a program called Semester Online, which offers for-credit undergrad courses on a class-by-class basis. Though Paucek won’t reveal revenue, he says that 2U, now a 600-employee company that’s raised $102 million in venture capital, has booked $230 million in tuition across all its programs this year. Through a revenue share agreement with the schools, 2U will make more than half of that.

In an article about the upcoming UC Berkeley data science program, there is this claim:

Between the 2U and Berkeley course offering, UC Berkeley will be receiving 65% of the initial course fees, a number that may increase slightly as time goes on.

My best guess is that the schools and 2U split revenue somewhat evenly, so let’s assume 50% goes to the schools. If this is true, then consider that 2U’s customers are making on average $10 million of net revenue per year (after subtracting out 2U payments).

Update (2/24): Clarified language on net revenue.

In terms of bookings, 2U’s customers booked $230 million in tuition revenue in 2013.

2U’s customers are charging $17,000 – $45,000 per student per year in tuition

These are not programs aimed at reducing the cost of education. These are elite programs charging high tuition with the promise of high-paying jobs for the graduates. UNC charges $89,000 for a two-year program, UC Berkeley $60,000, USC $34,000,  and Georgetown $77,000 (all for two-year programs).

And all of this business comes from a quite small base of less than 9,000 students and nine customers as of the end of 2013. Once seen in this light, it is clear that 2U’s concept of scale for online education is in scaling revenue – for itself, for its customers, and for its students.

The post Four numbers to consider from 2U’s IPO filing appeared first on e-Literate.

Villanova Distance Learning Task Force: A case study in missing attribution

Sat, 2014-02-22 18:52

While doing research for a blog post about 2U filing for an IPO, I ran across a presentation given last year by the Villanova University Distance Learning Task Force for a Faculty Forum. In this presentation I found one of my graphics that was shared on e-Literate and in EDUCAUSE Review.

Slide 1I’m flattered that they would find this information useful, and this usage is why I usually include a footer to many of the graphics showing that they are licensed under creative commons to facilitate sharing. All I ask is for attribution and occasionally no derivatives.

However, not only was there no attribution in the presentation, but the footer has been stripped off (I do not know if this was done by Villanova personnel or if they found a stripped-down version). Maybe that was just an unfortunate situation.

But wait, just five slides down I find another graphic, same situation.

Slide 2


And another two slides down, a third.

Slide 3


At this point, I’m starting to think there is more than coincidence at play here.

Listen, I’m all for re-sharing information, and that exactly why I use the creative commons license. What is troublesome is that this comes from a Distance Learning Task Force, which should be a source of guidance and best practices around use of digital materials.

I realize that I could have just quietly sent a note to Villanova asking them to fix the graphics and provide attribution, but two aspects have led me to also blog on the subject:

  • The faculty forum was last year, and providing attribution now is of declining value (it should still be done, but that is only part of the issues); and
  • I see this behavior too often, even from groups that should know better. Mathieu Plourde and his MOOC poster might be the king of removed footer / lack of attribution. While he and I have disagreed about the importance of keeping the footer, I think the issue is bigger than either one of our interests.

Villanova Task Force (if anyone is reading), thank you for using the graphics, but please provide attribution. The original versions of the graphics can be found here, here and here.

Note: everyone makes mistakes, and I’m sure that I have erred before in attribution (and will fix where I find or am notified of mistakes).

The post Villanova Distance Learning Task Force: A case study in missing attribution appeared first on e-Literate.

2U registration for IPO offers insight into Online Service Provider market

Sat, 2014-02-22 14:15

One of the biggest growth areas in education has been the Online Service Provider market. Alternatively known as Online Education Service Provider (OESP), School-as-a-Service, or Online Program Management (OPM), this market offers services to traditional colleges and universities that are creating online programs. In August I listed the LMS used by the top OSP providers, and while the data for this table is a year old, it does give a sense of who the major players are.

SaaS LMS Chart 2







How big are these companies? EmbanetCompass had estimated 2012 revenues of $130 million when Pearson acquired the company for $650 million. Deltak had estimated 2012 revenues of $54 million when Wiley acquired the company for $220 million. Academic Partnerships had estimated 2012 revenues of $43 million. I don’t have updated 2013 numbers, but various estimates have this market growing at 50% or more per year.

Yesterday 2U, Inc submitted a S-1 document with the SEC, registering the company’s intention to go public in 2014. While 2U is filing under the “emerging growth company” provisions that allow them to reduce how much information is publicly disclosed, the filing does provide more insight into both the company as well as the OSP market.

Below are some notes from the S-1.

We are a leading provider of cloud-based software-as-a-service solutions that enable leading nonprofit colleges and universities to deliver their high quality education to qualified students anywhere. Our innovative online learning platform and bundled technology-enabled services provide the comprehensive operating infrastructure colleges and universities need to attract, enroll, educate, support and graduate their students. By leveraging our solutions, we believe our clients are able to expand their addressable markets while providing educational engagement, experiences and outcomes to their online students that match or exceed those of their on-campus offerings. [p 1]

This description highlights a recurring theme in the document, where 2U primarily describes its offerings first as a cloud-based platform and secondarily as technology-enabled services. This approach is somewhat reversed from some of the competitors which primarily present themselves as providing services with enough technology to make it happen. 2U really pushes the platform play in this document, and the platform is built around Moodle as the customized LMS.

Our clients deploy our platform to offer high quality educational content, instructor-led classes averaging ten students per session in a live, intimate and engaging setting, and a rich social networking experience, all accessible through proprietary web-based and mobile applications. [p 1]

2U repeatedly emphasizes the nature of supporting intimate, small classes as a competitive differentiator.

Full course equivalent enrollments in our clients’ programs grew from 14,099 during the twelve months ended December 31, 2011 to 31,338 during the twelve months ended December 31, 2013, representing a compound annual growth rate of 49%. We measure full course equivalent enrollments in our clients’ programs by determining, for each of the courses offered during a particular period, the number of students enrolled in that course multiplied by the percentage of the course completed during that period. Any individual student may be enrolled in more than one course during a period. From our inception through December 31, 2013, a total of 8,540 unique individuals have enrolled as students in our clients’ programs. [p 1]

Here 2U has laid out the total number of students enrolled in their courses. These are not large numbers in terms of enrollment (8,540 unique students in total), but the growth rate is what the company is banking on (49% per year).

Our clients are leading nonprofit colleges and universities, and eight of our nine clients with whom we have contracted to offer 2U-enabled graduate programs . . .  [p 1] [snip]

Grow International, Undergraduate and Doctoral Presence.  We believe that there is significant market demand for our solutions as colleges and universities worldwide seek to extend their brands by accessing the growing global market for higher education. Our existing client programs serve students in over 50 countries. In addition, we believe there is a meaningful opportunity to provide high quality online education experiences to undergraduate students and to expand our graduate offerings into doctoral programs. [p 6]

These sections echoes a point I made in the comments to Keith Hampson’s blog that the OSP market to date has been largely defined by outsourcing major components of masters level programs signed by colleges. Over time, this market appears to be shifting towards university-wide needs often at the bachelors level and also to international markets.

Our compensation from our clients consists primarily of a specified share of the tuition and fees paid to our clients by students in the programs we enable, which we believe aligns our interests with those of our clients. This revenue model, combined with long contractual terms, enables us to make the investment in technology, integration, content production, program marketing, student and faculty support and other services necessary to create large, successful programs. Our client contracts generally have initial terms between 10 and 15 years in length, and, since our inception, all of the clients that have engaged us remain active.[p 2]

This section describes 2U’s business model of revenue sharing and long-term contracts. I personally think this model will have to change over time, but this is a good description of today’s market.

2U financials

This table (pulled from page 12 and edited for format) highlights the company’s revenue ($83 million in 2013), rapid growth, and financial losses. Keep in mind that 2U has previously raised $96 million $102 million in venture capital according to CrunchBase CEO Chip Paucek in an Inc. article.

There’s more information in the filing and that will come out in the press between now and when 2U goes public, but for now this S-1 filing gives more insight into the OSP market.

Update (2/22): Found more reliable source on VC funding and updated source and amount. Changed title from “go public” to IPO language.

The post 2U registration for IPO offers insight into Online Service Provider market appeared first on e-Literate.

e-Literate TV and Community-Negotiated Focus

Fri, 2014-02-21 11:06

The goal of e-Literate TV (ETV) is to help school communities develop a working consensus around how they can use learning technologies to achieve important educational goals. For example, we’d like to be able to help schools that are motivated to improve student retention to identify appropriate ways that technology can help them do that. To do that, we have to do more than just provide relevant information. We have to provide it in a structure that encourages a productive culture of conversation and consensus building about these sorts of issues. It’s education as change management.

In order to make ETV useful in that way, we’re developing (inventing? rediscovering?) a number of design principles. The first one, which I’ve written about before, is differentiated engagement. The ways in which deans, advising faculty, non-advising faculty, technology support staff, and other stakeholders need to be involved in a conversation about, for example, adopting a retention early warning system are different, as are the needs and interests of different individuals who have these roles. With the layered, hyper- and transmedia approach that we are able to take with our episodes, we can invite people to participate in the ways and to the degrees that are appropriate for them. We can help them find their zones of proximal curiosity, encouraging them to explore the issues a little further than they might have on their own while also recognizing that each individual is going to have limitations on how much they need or want to know.

A second design principle we’re exploring is what we can call “community-negotiated focus.” Every school community is going to have its own collective zone of interest within a given topic. For example, Berkshire Community College may only be interested in MOOCs in cases where they are being used in an attempt to support remedial students or underserved populations, while Colorado State University Pueblo may be interested in how MOOCs are being used to flip classrooms and related labor issues. Once again, one size does not fit all. Phil’s recent post about our commitment to release the ETV videos under a Creative Commons license is intimately related to our goal of enabling ETV to be a resource that particular academic communities can customize to serve their particular needs.

Scratching Your Itch

One of the lessons we learned between filming the first ETV series and filming the second one is how valuable it is to have more than one episode to explore different facets of an issue. The first series—the one we’re in the process of releasing now on the ETV website—is a smorgasbord of separate episodes. And while each episode is good in and of itself, what we can do in one 10- to 15-minute episode is limited. For example, we have an interview with the spectacular Amy Collier on MOOCs. But no matter how spectacular Amy may be, we had to make basic decisions about what would be most useful for most stakeholders in one short episode about MOOCs. With only a small canvas upon which to paint, we were pretty much forced to ask basic questions about what this MOOC thing that everybody’s talking about actually is and why faculty should care about it (when there are many more interesting questions that we would have also loved to ask Amy). Note that the answers to these questions are not going to be deeply useful in the hypothetical MOOC conversations at CSU Pueblo or BCC that I proposed above. In contrast, what we think you’ll see in the MOOC Research Initiative series of videos is a rich set of conversations that provide fuel for these two conversations and more.

We will take these videos as raw materials, boil them down into five or six episodes that we think give us a good cross-section of the kinds of angles that different academic communities will want to discuss, and then build up layers of transmedia and discussion questions to help foster exploration of those angles. Different academic communities will gravitate toward different episodes, depending on their collective interests and needs.

But we won’t get to do this kind of treatment for all possible conversations. (In fact, we probably won’t even be able to think of all possible conversations.) For example, we are not currently planning on doing an episode on the application of MOOCs for support of remedial students and underserved populations. It’s not that the angle isn’t interesting or important enough; we just don’t have enough data yet to build a robust conversation around it.

But we do have some information on it in our interviews. For example, we have Tawanna Dillahunt from the University of Michigan talking about her study about how MOOC learners who say they can’t afford a formal education are using MOOCs to support their economic mobility:

Click here to view the embedded video.

And we have Phil talking to University of Wisconsin’s Bob Hoar and Natalie Solverson talking about their experience with a remedial math MOOC:

Click here to view the embedded video.

And we have Pat James from Mount San Jacinto College and Eva Schiorring from the California Community Colleges talking about their project to design a MOOC that’s effective for teaching developmental writing:

Click here to view the embedded video.

If your academic community would find these experiments relevant and important to talk about, then you should be able to do that. And you can. All of these videos are released under a Creative Commons Attribution license. If you want to remix them into your own episode that’s appropriate for your academic community, then you can. Maybe for good measure, you’ll want to throw in Caroline Rose from Carnegie Mellon University talking about her research in using technology to encourage supportive and productive learning conversations among large groups of students, because you think that’s particularly important for developmental students in a MOOC:

Click here to view the embedded video.

The pathways through the ETV content can be negotiated by the community as they discover the pieces that are most relevant for them. At the end of the day, this isn’t a curriculum that people have to study and master. It’s a territory that they have to explore together in the service of meeting larger goals.

That’s why, in addition to providing the full ETV experience on the web site, we will continue to release the videos on our YouTube channel as well.

The post e-Literate TV and Community-Negotiated Focus appeared first on e-Literate.

e-Literate TV Interviews from MRI13 Now Available

Thu, 2014-02-20 23:29

In December 2013 Michael I attended the MOOC Research Initiative Conference (aka #MRI13 or “The greatest MOOC conference in the history of MOOCs”). Thanks to a grant funded by the Gates Foundation through Athabasca University, we are creating three episodes of an upcoming e-Literate TV series based on the conference. We expect to release these episodes in March.


As part of developing material for the episodes, we interviewed a number of research grantees and ed tech luminaries. We had some great guests who spoke about what we have learned from MOOCs, what the potential applications are, what the downsides are, and where open education could and should go in the future. It was a unique opportunity to get so many well-informed people in one place on a common topic.

Today we releasing these videos through the e-Literate TV YouTube channel. These videos all carry a Creative Commons license to facilitate sharing and repurposing of the material.

One reason that we are providing these full interviews along with the upcoming episodes is our belief in open data, even when the data is a conversation rather than a set of statistics. While the e-Literate TV episodes will be edited down to show relatively tight stories, some people will want to watch the entire video interviews on particular topics.

The other primary reason for releasing the full interviews is to support people who want to use the material on their campuses or systems or even policy-making groups.

Some of the interviews highlight interesting research on the application of open online courses, while others get into free-wheeling discussions of the future of open education. One of my favorite videos is the longest one – an interview that Michael conducted with George Siemens and Jim Groom. Take a look:

Click here to view the embedded video.

There a lot more to see at the YouTube channel, or you can view below (sorry for the watermark and aspect ration below – I’m working out some issues with the plugin).

Require Flash player

The post e-Literate TV Interviews from MRI13 Now Available appeared first on e-Literate.

UF Online: What it is and what it isn’t

Tue, 2014-02-18 19:38

Several weeks ago the University of Florida Online program opened for the Spring 2014 semester, accepting 600 transfer students, and the new program will accept Freshmen starting August 2014. This announcement comes just 2 years after the Florida legislature commissioned a study from the Parthenon Group on how to best leverage online programs in the state, and this program is probably one of the highest profile new online programs in the US within the past few years (along with California’s online initiative, Open SUNY, SJSU / Udacity and GaTech / Udacity).

I had the opportunity to interview the executive director of UF Online, Dr. Betty Phillips, for additional background information. I’ll describe that interview along with my observations in a future post.

In the e-Literate TV episode on online learning, Michael described the importance of focusing on the problem to be solved (at the 9:44 mark).

The key, really, is to look at the problem you’re solving in the context of the particular college or university—what they have in terms of their strengths and resources, and what they’re missing—and then figure out what’s the best match between the problem and the solution.

With that view in mind, let’s explore what UF Online is and what it isn’t.


Two years ago the Florida state legislature funded the state university system’s Board of Governors to study online education in Florida, and by extension, to recommend how to expand online programs in a centralized fashion.  The Parthenon Group’s report was delivered in November 2012, and the state Strategic Planning Committee made the following recommendations in February 2013.

At its February 13 meeting, the Committee recommended that the full Board:

1. Use the Strategic Plan preeminence metrics to designate the university which would create a separate arm to provide online degree programs of the highest quality, and that funds be requested of the Legislature to support such an effort. The preeminence metrics would be those passed by the 2012 Legislature and approved by the Board for use in the 2012-2013 university workplans. Further, the selected university would create an innovation and research center to (1) ensure the State is a leader in the development of cutting-edge technology and instructional design for the online programs and (2) conduct research that would help strengthen online degree programs and the success of online students.

These recommendations led to legislation that was signed into law in April 2013 creating UF Online, as described by a Reuters report [emphasis added].

Public university students in Florida next year will be able to start working toward college degrees without actually going to college, under a law Governor Rick Scott signed on Monday in front of educators and business lobbyists.

The state-run University of Florida plans to start a series of online bachelor’s degree programs next year, with $15 million start-up funds for 2014.

Until now full-time online education has just been available to elementary and high schools in the state.

“This bill transforms education in Florida,” said House Speaker Will Weatherford, a Republican who has long been a proponent of “virtual learning” in public schools.

“Now, we will be home to the first fully accredited, online public research university institute in the nation,” said Weatherford. “These bold higher-education reforms will help increase Florida’s global competitiveness and ensure our students have meaningful opportunities after high school.”

What It Isn’t

Before moving on, I want to correct the record on a few items here.

No, this is not the first time Florida public higher education will offer exclusively online programs. In fact, Florida leads the nation in the number of exclusively online students in higher education and is 12th based on percentages. Just a detail there, Reuters, but nice fact checking. For reference see this data from IPEDS on US public 4-year institutions for undergraduate students (more tables at the link). You can sort the table by selecting the appropriate cell in the header row – ‘exclusively online’ in this case.

Summary of US public 4-year institutions and online education enrollment by state for Fall 2012, from IPEDS
State# exclusive online courses# some but not all online courses# at least one online course# no online coursesTotal Enrollment TOTALS 323,687 1,069,072 1,392,759 4,924,789 6,317,548 FL 48,746 147,708 196,454 410,342 606,796 TX 23,341 81,590 104,931 381,926 486,857 MD 23,098 12,410 35,508 86,614 122,122 NJ 20,210 15,525 35,735 106,850 142,585 OH 18,162 38,265 56,427 207,665 264,092 NY 11,439 31,460 42,899 272,684 315,583 AZ 10,084 41,958 52,042 61,892 113,934 KS 10,074 12,904 22,978 53,526 76,504 UT 9,059 25,058 34,117 72,327 106,444 IN 7,937 29,570 37,507 134,992 172,499 NV 7,797 18,452 26,249 50,252 76,501 AL 7,654 33,998 41,652 86,050 127,702 CO 7,144 14,469 21,613 113,510 135,123 PA 6,797 53,565 60,362 167,979 228,341 NC 6,749 28,274 35,023 134,804 169,827 OK 6,674 24,668 31,342 69,667 101,009 WA 6,148 10,903 17,051 106,922 123,973 GA 6,099 35,668 41,767 187,009 228,776 MI 5,933 25,309 31,242 198,631 229,873 KY 5,849 19,222 25,071 69,319 94,390 WI 5,676 19,965 25,641 123,865 149,506 OR 5,468 9,950 15,418 64,636 80,054 LA 4,644 20,364 25,008 83,844 108,852 MA 4,103 11,313 15,416 75,870 91,286 ND 3,971 6,292 10,263 22,689 32,952 NM 3,956 11,323 15,279 32,095 47,374 MN 3,928 19,871 23,799 73,284 97,083 TN 3,898 27,297 31,195 82,620 113,815 AR 3,765 16,583 20,348 54,955 75,303 MO 3,695 24,533 28,228 80,507 108,735 VA 3,147 21,553 24,700 136,445 161,145 MS 2,968 8,878 11,846 50,984 62,830 SD 2,881 4,739 7,620 18,984 26,604 IL 2,841 20,223 23,064 123,712 146,776 AK 2,424 4,472 6,896 13,596 20,492 ME 2,220 5,835 8,055 16,602 24,657 ID 2,211 10,842 13,053 25,965 39,018 WV 2,182 10,925 13,107 42,886 55,993 NE 2,009 10,014 12,023 31,746 43,769 CT 1,647 3,571 5,218 47,274 52,492 MT 1,327 5,004 6,331 27,187 33,518 CA 1,178 61,485 62,663 497,709 560,372 HI 1,102 3,477 4,579 18,916 23,495 WY 1,028 1,611 2,639 7,390 10,029 NH 1,019 1,347 2,366 21,526 23,892 IA690 6,918 7,608 49,283 56,891 VT252 1,078 1,330 15,216 16,546 SC174 10,945 11,119 73,798 84,917 DE174 1,110 1,284 19,836 21,120 RI115 6,446 6,561 13,827 20,388 DC-132132 4,581 4,713

Within the State University System (the body which is leading the study), University of Central Florida, Florida International University and University of South Florida all have significant presence in exclusively online programs at the bachelor’s level.

In addition, the UF Online will not have the “first fully accredited, online public research university institute in the nation” as stated by the House Speaker. At the very least Penn State’s World Campus and Arizona State’s ASU Online have beat them to the punch by over a decade.

Even the official UF Online site repeats this fallacy:

UF Online is the first fully online four-year bachelor’s degree offered by a leading national research university.

Update (2/19): Well that was quick. UF Online has corrected its website by removing this statement.

Penn State in particular, which ranks higher than the University of Florida, might have an argument with this statement.

What It Is

What UF Online is, however, is an exclusively-online baccalaureate program leading to a UF degree for lower costs than the traditional on-campus experience. This is about expanding capacity and access to a research university, and the program aims to meet the same academic standards as the traditional UF experience, as described in its web site’s FAQ page:

There will be no difference in content and rigor between UF Online courses and other courses offered by UF. In many cases courses will be the exact same with a special online section designated for UF Online students.

Regarding the lower cost (from the Reuters article):

The online courses will cost no more than 75 percent of in-state tuition for regular classes at the University of Florida.

The online university degree programs are part of an education package pushed by Scott and the state’s Republican party leadership that they say will more closely link curriculums with the needs of employers.

This positioning is significant, as online programs should ultimately save money. Furthermore, UF Online has grand ambitions as described in the Gainesville Sun last fall.

The University of Florida’s online bachelor’s degree program will start off with a small number of students and it will operate in the red for the first few years but ramp up to 24,100 students and millions in profits within 10 years, administrators told the board of trustees this week.

UF was given a legislative mandate to create an online baccalaureate program, with $10 million in startup money and $5 million a year for the next five years.

The projections are based on the Parthenon report and updated as a comprehensive business plan (see page 15 of PDF from the September 2013 meeting):

The 10 year forecast based on an enrollment of approximately 24,100 in the 10th year, with a 57 / 43 mix of in-state / out-of-state students will produce a $14.5 million net margin in the last year. The forecast would indicate a negative net margin in 4 of the early years. However, the cumulative fund balance at the end of 10 years is expected to exceed $43.5 million. Major recurring costs include marketing, recruitment and retention and, [sic] delivery expenses. The forecast indicates current-year self-supporting [sic] reached by year 7.

The overall initiative includes a significant research component. This future effort is described in the UF Online Comprehensive Business Plan (see page 15 of PDF from the September 2013 meeting):

The opportunity to work on the leading edge of educational development demands research commitment. UF Online will respond with a Research Center and research programs dedicated both to discovery and application. The current nascent notion of adaptive learning, modular terms, and personalized learning pathways will be placed in the implementation “bucket” for pilot and application even as we push further in the use of technology and the knowledge of neuroscience. Research is never complete without dissemination and application. The resident programs will be th early recipients of well-developed research; research advances which will be subsequently shared nationally. However, our online students will not be “guinea pigs”; the advances we incorporate will have passed the tests of experimentation and value added.

How It Works

Based on my interview with Dr. Phillips, UF Online provides its own student marketing and recruitment, but once a student applies, they go into the traditional admissions process for the University of Florida. Once admitted, students take courses taught be UF faculty with the same academic standards as the on-campus experience. This gets to the claim of UF Online to be a fully-online program using the same quality standards (particularly admission and academic rigor) as a selective university.

EmbanetCompass (owned by Pearson) has a contract as an online service provider to support UF Online. This agreement extends EmbanetCompass’ current support of UF through approximately eight masters-level online programs run by individual colleges. The role of the company as described in the Campus Technology article:

Meanwhile, Pearson will provide UF Online with technology, recruitment marketing, enrollment management and student support and retention services. Pearson will also provide e-textbooks if instructors request them, as well as support for research in UF’s Online Research Institute.

Keep in mind that this program is just starting (and in fact the basic plan is less than a year old), so many of the details still need to be worked out.

Full disclosure: Pearson is a client of MindWires Consulting.

The post UF Online: What it is and what it isn’t appeared first on e-Literate.

The First e-Literate TV Episode Is Up!

Mon, 2014-02-17 12:32

Phil and I are thrilled to announce the release of our pilot e-Literate TV episode.

Take a look.

One thing you’ll want to pay attention to is the set of buttons in the upper left-hand corner of the TELLING STORY player:

Screen Shot 2014-02-12 at 10.59.06 AM

These buttons correspond to the three modes available to you. From left to right:

  • Watch is a lot like a closed captioned YouTube experience. The focus is on the video.
  • Discover still puts a lot of emphasis on the video, but it also will selectively show related links and graphics. If any of them catch your fancy, you can click on them to take a deeper dive.
  • Explore mode is for when you want the video to be playing in the background but you’re really focusing on the transcript and the supplementary resources (or “transmedia”).

We’re pretty excited about these capabilities and are eager to hear from you about how they work for you and how you might use them. They look beautiful on tablets, too!

In terms of content, we’re only launching one episode for now because we want to flight test the technology before we put out the full series, but we expect to publish the rest in about two weeks.

This one happens to be just Phil and me, but most of these episodes will be conversations with other people. You can get a good sense of what this will feel like from the videos we shot (with our partners IN THE TELLING) at the MOOC Research conference. These will be both released on their own and incorporated into an e-Literate TV series.

For example, here’s Phil’s interview with Dave Cormier about different kinds of MOOCs and their different uses:

Click here to view the embedded video.

Here’s my interview with Simon Buckingham Shum about how analytics can help us learn more about student learning, both in MOOCs and in other types of online learning experiences:

Click here to view the embedded video.

And here’s my interview with Stanford’s Keith Devlin talking about why he is passionate about MOOCs:

Click here to view the embedded video.

Phil and I will have a lot more to say about ETV in the coming days, and we’re very interested in your feedback. For now, since we’re prompting for a specific feedback question at the end of the episode on the ETV site, please give us your comments on it that aren’t related to the prompt question right here. In the coming days, we intend to add richer and broader discussion capabilities directly to the site.

The post The First e-Literate TV Episode Is Up! appeared first on e-Literate.

Online Education in US Public 2-year Institutions, focus on Michigan

Sun, 2014-02-16 18:55

Last week I shared data tables for online education at US public 4-year institutions, with additional data for Florida. Now that I’m getting the process reasonably efficient for analyzing this data, there is some room for requests (hmm, slippery slope here).

@PhilOnEdTech First the praise, now the beg. How soon til 2 yr public school data?

— Jim Luke (@econproph) February 9, 2014

Since Jim teaches in Michigan, let’s review the 2-year data with additional data on his state.

Basic Institutional Data for Public 2-year Institutions from IPEDS Listing of US public 2-year institutions and summary of Fall 2012 online education enrollment, from IPEDS InstitutionStateExclusively Online StudentsStudents w some but not all onlineStudents w no onlineAll Students TOTALS 547,928 1,092,908 4,092,065 5,732,901 Ilisagvik CollegeAK244751122 Prince William Sound Community CollegeAK225087159 Marion Military InstituteAL--378378 Reid State Technical CollegeAL-47408455 Lurleen B Wallace Community CollegeAL82671687 1,440 Jefferson Davis Community CollegeAL30274730 1,034 Snead State Community CollegeAL389 1,016 803 2,208 George C Wallace State Community College-SelmaAL284576811 1,671 J F Drake State Technical CollegeAL2125832959 Alabama Southern Community CollegeAL11151 1,019 1,181 H Councill Trenholm State Technical CollegeAL17174 1,207 1,398 Chattahoochee Valley Community CollegeAL28292 1,325 1,645 Northeast Alabama Community CollegeAL264 1,137 1,349 2,750 Central Alabama Community CollegeAL115409 1,374 1,898 Enterprise State Community CollegeAL106345 1,715 2,166 Bevill State Community CollegeAL240720 2,511 3,471 Northwest-Shoals Community CollegeAL52412 2,767 3,231 Bishop State Community CollegeAL105484 2,773 3,362 Lawson State Community College-Birmingham CampusAL39408 2,777 3,224 Southern Union State Community CollegeAL202 1,756 2,845 4,803 James H Faulkner State Community CollegeAL230 1,017 2,965 4,212 George C Wallace State Community College-DothanAL161600 3,466 4,227 Gadsden State Community CollegeAL440 1,551 3,609 5,600 Shelton State Community CollegeAL92574 4,266 4,932 George C Wallace State Community College-HancevilleAL347 4,910 4,960 Jefferson State Community CollegeAL 1,036 1,628 5,198 7,862 John C Calhoun State Community CollegeAL601 1,550 6,539 8,690 Rich Mountain Community CollegeAR48252332632 College of the OuachitasAR82231459772 Ozarka CollegeAR267547496 1,310 Southern Arkansas University TechAR39812496906 Cossatot Community College of the University of ArkansasAR220390502 1,112 Arkansas State University-NewportAR371343586 1,300 Arkansas State University-Mountain HomeAR185217629 1,031 East Arkansas Community CollegeAR97246715 1,058 University of Arkansas Community College-BatesvilleAR104346773 1,223 University of Arkansas Community College-HopeAR73348773 1,194 Phillips Community College of the University of ArkansasAR53192792 1,037 South Arkansas Community CollegeAR141417844 1,402 Arkansas Northeastern CollegeAR85299 1,043 1,427 Black River Technical CollegeAR171785 1,058 2,014 Southeast Arkansas CollegeAR35217 1,171 1,423 Mid-South Community CollegeAR1098 1,323 1,431 North Arkansas CollegeAR94359 1,561 2,014 University of Arkansas Community College-MorriltonAR31281 1,741 2,053 National Park Community CollegeAR156570 2,027 2,753 Arkansas State University-BeebeAR344991 2,231 3,566 NorthWest Arkansas Community CollegeAR799 1,817 4,533 7,149 Pulaski Technical CollegeAR 2,375 2,783 5,680 10,838 Tohono O'Odham Community CollegeAZ--174174 Rio Salado CollegeAZ 10,261 212360 10,833 Northland Pioneer CollegeAZ359479878 1,716 Central Arizona CollegeAZ 1,423 2,827 1,583 5,833 Arizona Western CollegeAZ 2,503 3,302 1,637 7,442 Cochise CollegeAZ749827 2,199 3,775 Coconino Community CollegeAZ251475 2,335 3,061 Mohave Community CollegeAZ761 1,198 2,832 4,791 South Mountain Community CollegeAZ118554 3,343 4,015 Yavapai CollegeAZ 1,159 1,720 3,408 6,287 Eastern Arizona CollegeAZ256737 4,078 5,071 GateWay Community CollegeAZ361668 4,967 5,996 Pima Community CollegeAZ 3,519 20,550 5,231 29,300 Paradise Valley Community CollegeAZ292843 5,521 6,656 Estrella Mountain Community CollegeAZ550 1,112 5,554 7,216 Scottsdale Community CollegeAZ553 1,447 5,865 7,865 Phoenix CollegeAZ 1,099 1,692 6,592 9,383 Chandler/Gilbert Community CollegeAZ565 1,570 8,774 10,909 Glendale Community CollegeAZ830 2,275 12,562 15,667 Mesa Community CollegeAZ 2,127 4,025 14,890 21,042 Los Angeles County College of Nursing and Allied HealthCA--208208 Lassen Community CollegeCA710309792 1,811 College of the SiskiyousCA305678817 1,800 Feather River Community College DistrictCA195284940 1,419 Cerro Coso Community CollegeCA 2,340 714965 4,019 West Hills College CoalingaCA747665972 2,384 Barstow Community CollegeCA 1,056 636 1,023 2,715 Palo Verde CollegeCA909352 1,247 2,508 Copper Mountain Community CollegeCA45271 1,283 1,599 Coastline Community CollegeCA 5,130 1,212 1,363 7,705 Charles A. Jones Career and Education CenterCA-- 1,369 1,369 Lake Tahoe Community CollegeCA235327 1,728 2,290 Downey Adult SchoolCA-- 1,733 1,733 Columbia CollegeCA128328 2,004 2,460 Woodland Community CollegeCA171112 2,014 2,297 Mendocino CollegeCA448634 2,115 3,197 West Hills College LemooreCA624751 2,157 3,532 Porterville CollegeCA279513 2,653 3,445 College of the RedwoodsCA177372 2,699 3,248 Taft CollegeCA800865 3,415 5,080 College of AlamedaCA599345 4,018 4,962 Crafton Hills CollegeCA55322 4,113 4,490 Berkeley City CollegeCA474576 4,282 5,332 Canada CollegeCA339769 4,286 5,394 Los Angeles Southwest CollegeCA299505 4,460 5,264 Shasta CollegeCA 1,056 2,050 4,559 7,665 Napa Valley CollegeCA195792 4,636 5,623 Yuba CollegeCA713976 4,794 6,483 West Valley CollegeCA 1,195 3,050 4,798 9,043 Contra Costa CollegeCA151598 4,818 5,567 Oxnard CollegeCA696939 4,836 6,471 Merritt CollegeCA414332 4,857 5,603 Gavilan CollegeCA156770 5,199 6,125 College of MarinCA172479 5,289 5,940 El Camino College-Compton CenterCA613694 5,297 6,604 Cuyamaca CollegeCA 1,029 1,014 5,399 7,442 West Los Angeles CollegeCA 1,818 1,812 5,577 9,207 Solano Community CollegeCA685 2,228 5,615 8,528 Mission CollegeCA963 1,497 5,707 8,167 Las Positas CollegeCA666 1,452 5,723 7,841 Ohlone Community CollegeCA632 2,053 5,793 8,478 Folsom Lake CollegeCA686 1,004 5,997 7,687 Hartnell CollegeCA302992 6,214 7,508 Imperial Valley CollegeCA10271 6,245 6,526 Allan Hancock CollegeCA 1,405 1,604 6,635 9,644 Los Medanos CollegeCA205681 6,643 7,529 Evergreen Valley CollegeCA228566 6,787 7,581 College of the DesertCA234 1,073 6,807 8,114 Norco CollegeCA650659 6,850 8,159 Los Angeles Harbor CollegeCA731 1,115 6,890 8,736 San Diego Miramar CollegeCA 1,914 1,284 6,909 10,107 Cuesta CollegeCA503 1,120 6,914 8,537 College of San MateoCA709881 6,986 8,576 San Jose City CollegeCA419882 7,060 8,361 Skyline CollegeCA549813 7,081 8,443 Victor Valley CollegeCA872 2,197 7,232 10,301 Moreno Valley CollegeCA253288 7,364 7,905 Los Angeles Mission CollegeCA282645 7,487 8,414 Golden West CollegeCA 1,075 2,803 7,499 11,377 Merced CollegeCA221 1,111 7,632 8,964 College of the SequoiasCA412 1,576 7,895 9,883 Monterey Peninsula CollegeCA261 1,003 8,086 9,350 San Bernardino Valley CollegeCA746 1,989 8,097 10,832 Foothill CollegeCA 2,654 2,641 8,247 13,542 Citrus CollegeCA490 1,507 8,280 10,277 Irvine Valley CollegeCA 1,027 1,968 8,473 11,468 Chabot CollegeCA 1,223 2,177 8,686 12,086 MiraCosta CollegeCA 1,845 3,262 8,867 13,974 Laney CollegeCA524604 8,879 10,007 Santiago Canyon CollegeCA599 1,084 8,978 10,661 Mt. San Jacinto Community College DistrictCA 1,249 2,921 8,995 13,165 Cabrillo CollegeCA507 2,550 9,061 12,118 Butte CollegeCA347 1,205 9,613 11,165 Cosumnes River CollegeCA 1,403 1,778 9,896 13,077 Antelope Valley CollegeCA403 1,481 9,935 11,819 San Joaquin Delta CollegeCA 1,683 3,194 9,976 14,853 Ventura CollegeCA505 1,178 10,093 11,776 San Diego City CollegeCA 2,017 1,910 10,327 14,254 Reedley CollegeCA607 1,245 10,426 12,278 College of the CanyonsCA802 2,519 10,554 13,875 Cypress CollegeCA 1,041 2,562 10,641 14,244 Modesto Junior CollegeCA 1,191 3,594 10,945 15,730 Moorpark CollegeCA873 1,891 11,018 13,782 Los Angeles Trade Technical CollegeCA282545 11,243 12,070 Santa Barbara City CollegeCA 1,956 2,590 11,399 15,945 Rio Hondo CollegeCA 1,252 2,532 12,047 15,831 Riverside City CollegeCA 1,349 1,736 12,297 15,382 Glendale Community CollegeCA165 1,560 12,751 14,476 Sierra CollegeCA 1,190 2,521 13,202 16,913 Bakersfield CollegeCA700 1,809 13,215 15,724 Grossmont CollegeCA929 2,036 13,318 16,283 Los Angeles Valley CollegeCA859 1,472 13,839 16,170 Los Angeles City CollegeCA 2,220 1,352 13,928 17,500 Chaffey CollegeCA390 1,451 13,973 15,814 Saddleback CollegeCA 2,510 3,482 14,099 20,091 Southwestern CollegeCA342983 14,226 15,551 Diablo Valley CollegeCA 1,162 2,898 14,429 18,489 Fullerton CollegeCA758 2,257 14,955 17,970 Cerritos CollegeCA 1,182 2,660 15,617 19,459 Palomar CollegeCA 1,229 5,561 15,850 22,640 Orange Coast CollegeCA632 3,005 16,205 19,842 Los Angeles Pierce CollegeCA251612 16,765 17,628 Santa Rosa Junior CollegeCA 1,153 2,468 16,814 20,435 San Diego Mesa CollegeCA 2,229 2,403 16,946 21,578 De Anza CollegeCA 1,238 2,165 17,744 21,147 Pasadena City CollegeCA425 2,834 18,069 21,328 Fresno City CollegeCA528862 18,074 19,464 Sacramento City CollegeCA 1,466 2,882 18,162 22,510 El Camino Community College DistrictCA476 1,139 19,826 21,441 Long Beach City CollegeCA657 2,730 20,090 23,477 American River CollegeCA 2,943 4,211 21,451 28,605 Santa Monica CollegeCA 2,218 4,086 21,658 27,962 Mt. San Antonio CollegeCA385 2,182 22,887 25,454 City College of San FranciscoCA811 2,530 24,339 27,680 Santa Ana CollegeCA 1,094 2,275 26,838 30,207 East Los Angeles CollegeCA868 2,330 30,817 34,015 Colorado Northwestern Community CollegeCO9074732896 Lamar Community CollegeCO35101767903 Morgan Community CollegeCO125144796 1,065 Trinidad State Junior CollegeCO133141 1,084 1,358 Otero Junior CollegeCO4779 1,135 1,261 Northeastern Junior CollegeCO6481 1,173 1,318 Aims Community CollegeCO312804 3,040 4,156 Community College of AuroraCO962 1,059 4,164 6,185 Pueblo Community CollegeCO639810 4,166 5,615 Arapahoe Community CollegeCO 3,661 1,579 4,684 9,924 Red Rocks Community CollegeCO 1,364 1,480 5,213 8,057 Community College of DenverCO 1,283 1,285 6,365 8,933 Pikes Peak Community CollegeCO 2,117 2,619 9,086 13,822 Front Range Community CollegeCO 3,377 3,321 11,808 18,506 Stratford School of Aviation Maintenance TechniciansCT--3838 Howell Cheney Technical High SchoolCT--5353 Northwestern Connecticut Community CollegeCT54195977 1,226 Asnuntuck Community CollegeCT76230 1,038 1,344 Quinebaug Valley Community CollegeCT75265 1,555 1,895 Middlesex Community CollegeCT147457 1,731 2,335 Tunxis Community CollegeCT245746 2,936 3,927 Capital Community CollegeCT160746 2,970 3,876 Three Rivers Community CollegeCT156644 3,816 4,616 Norwalk Community CollegeCT111461 4,669 5,241 Housatonic Community CollegeCT144506 4,973 5,623 Naugatuck Valley Community CollegeCT142756 5,864 6,762 Gateway Community CollegeCT135699 6,111 6,945 Manchester Community CollegeCT180630 6,125 6,935 Delaware Technical Community College-TerryDE98631 2,218 2,947 Delaware Technical Community College-OwensDE93696 3,316 4,105 Delaware Technical Community College-Stanton/WilmingtonDE109767 5,780 6,656 D. A. Dorsey Educational CenterFL--8080 Walton Career Development CenterFL--9696 Bradford-Union Area Career Technical CenterFL--159159 Marchman Technical Education CenterFL--172172 Immokalee Technical CenterFL--213213 Charlotte Technical CenterFL--252252 Brewster Technical CenterFL--254254 CHOICE High School and Technical CenterFL--279279 Marion County Community Technical and Adult Education CenterFL--308308 Withlacoochee Technical InstituteFL--336336 Lorenzo Walker Institute of TechnologyFL--352352 Radford M Locklin Technical CenterFL2991371671 Washington-Holmes Technical CenterFL--383383 Traviss Career CenterFL--412412 Lake Technical CenterFL-157419576 Sheridan Technical CenterFL265420430 1,115 Tom P Haney Technical CenterFL--441441 Westside TechFL--569569 North Florida Community CollegeFL102300580982 George Stone Technical CenterFL--598598 Fort Myers Institute of TechnologyFL--607607 Orlando TechFL--636636 Florida Keys Community CollegeFL84247664995 Pinellas Technical Education Center-St PetersburgFL-266724990 George T Baker Aviation SchoolFL--725725 Ridge Career CenterFL--738738 William T. McFatter Technical CenterFL3-783786 Lindsey Hopkins Technical Education CenterFL--809809 Technical Education Center-OsceolaFL--815815 Atlantic Technical CenterFL--875875 D G Erwin Technical CenterFL--936936 Pinellas Technical Education Center-ClearwaterFL-85 1,136 1,221 Mid Florida TechFL-118 1,347 1,465 Manatee Technical InstituteFL-- 1,361 1,361 Miami Lakes Educational CenterFL-- 1,426 1,426 Robert Morgan Educational CenterFL-- 1,444 1,444 Pasco-Hernando Community CollegeFL660 2,186 5,462 8,308 Brevard Community CollegeFL 1,675 2,595 8,724 12,994 Tallahassee Community CollegeFL 1,091 1,764 10,097 12,952 Hillsborough Community CollegeFL 1,493 4,138 19,670 25,301 Grady Health System Professional SchoolsGA--8282 Waycross CollegeGA--632632 Southwest Georgia Technical CollegeGA119446816 1,381 Oconee Fall Line Technical CollegeGA139493822 1,454 Altamaha Technical CollegeGA105329851 1,285 Okefenokee Technical CollegeGA51244945 1,240 Moultrie Technical CollegeGA238315979 1,532 Southeastern Technical CollegeGA136406984 1,526 Ogeechee Technical CollegeGA221704 1,225 2,150 South Georgia Technical CollegeGA128380 1,236 1,744 Albany Technical CollegeGA996 1,396 1,435 3,827 North Georgia Technical CollegeGA165647 1,479 2,291 Bainbridge CollegeGA332967 1,549 2,848 Lanier Technical CollegeGA658894 1,599 3,151 Georgia Piedmont Technical CollegeGA665 1,431 1,788 3,884 Middle Georgia Technical CollegeGA589889 1,946 3,424 Wiregrass Georgia Technical CollegeGA581866 2,389 3,836 Central Georgia Technical CollegeGA877 1,141 2,390 4,408 Columbus Technical CollegeGA267 1,212 2,657 4,136 Darton State CollegeGA 1,607 1,895 2,724 6,226 Savannah Technical CollegeGA405 1,408 2,734 4,547 Georgia Northwestern Technical CollegeGA845 1,638 3,020 5,503 Atlanta Technical CollegeGA300 1,166 3,111 4,577 Southern Crescent Technical CollegeGA743 1,334 3,252 5,329 Augusta Technical CollegeGA174829 3,255 4,258 Athens Technical CollegeGA248670 3,561 4,479 Gwinnett Technical CollegeGA685 1,976 3,817 6,478 West Georgia Technical CollegeGA663 1,125 4,303 6,091 Georgia Highlands CollegeGA151732 4,459 5,342 Georgia Military CollegeGA525653 6,225 7,403 Chattahoochee Technical CollegeGA 1,291 2,888 7,029 11,208 Georgia Perimeter CollegeGA 3,660 4,851 13,193 21,704 Kauai Community CollegeHI22120 1,106 1,248 Windward Community CollegeHI148349 1,438 1,935 Hawaii Community CollegeHI352737 2,082 3,171 Honolulu Community CollegeHI168414 2,930 3,512 Leeward Community CollegeHI569 1,452 3,976 5,997 Kapiolani Community CollegeHI456 1,411 4,439 6,306 Marshalltown Community CollegeIA204699507 1,410 Ellsworth Community CollegeIA72293526891 Northwest Iowa Community CollegeIA124235533892 Southwestern Community CollegeIA172301542 1,015 North Iowa Area Community CollegeIA320 1,494 1,377 3,191 Southeastern Community CollegeIA326407 1,380 2,113 Iowa Lakes Community CollegeIA247405 1,408 2,060 Indian Hills Community CollegeIA542 1,021 1,585 3,148 Northeast Iowa Community College-CalmarIA441828 1,899 3,168 Western Iowa Tech Community CollegeIA781 1,048 1,916 3,745 Iowa Central Community CollegeIA254562 3,088 3,904 Iowa Western Community CollegeIA709 1,417 3,367 5,493 Hawkeye Community CollegeIA392783 3,371 4,546 Eastern Iowa Community College DistrictIA965 1,083 4,232 6,280 Kirkwood Community CollegeIA183 3,083 9,352 12,618 Des Moines Area Community CollegeIA 1,889 2,684 11,211 15,784 Eastern Idaho Technical CollegeID--442442 North Idaho CollegeID631 2,886 2,132 5,649 College of Southern IdahoID840 1,983 2,895 5,718 College of Western IdahoID882 2,549 4,810 8,241 Illinois Eastern Community Colleges-Lincoln Trail CollegeIL31211318560 Illinois Eastern Community Colleges-Frontier Community CollIL1292438542 Southeastern Illinois CollegeIL115351623 1,089 Illinois Eastern Community Colleges-Olney Central CollegeIL90151678919 Spoon River CollegeIL90392876 1,358 Illinois Eastern Community Colleges-Wabash Valley CollegeIL843 1,098 1,149 John Wood Community CollegeIL106589 1,191 1,886 Highland Community CollegeIL81425 1,227 1,733 Danville Area Community CollegeIL412477 1,274 2,163 Carl Sandburg CollegeIL116404 1,350 1,870 Sauk Valley Community CollegeIL96482 1,388 1,966 Shawnee Community CollegeIL34196 1,422 1,652 Rend Lake CollegeIL51562 1,668 2,281 Richland Community CollegeIL149537 1,940 2,626 Kaskaskia CollegeIL102847 2,374 3,323 Kishwaukee CollegeIL255 1,006 2,497 3,758 Illinois Valley Community CollegeIL140545 2,533 3,218 Kankakee Community CollegeIL104637 2,550 3,291 Lake Land CollegeIL424 1,160 2,651 4,235 Morton CollegeIL39210 2,669 2,918 South Suburban CollegeIL222967 2,920 4,109 City Colleges of Chicago-Olive-Harvey CollegeIL133274 3,196 3,603 McHenry County CollegeIL198683 3,352 4,233 Black Hawk CollegeIL329913 3,477 4,719 Heartland Community CollegeIL178738 4,026 4,942 City Colleges of Chicago-Kennedy-King CollegeIL114366 4,031 4,511 Lewis and Clark Community CollegeIL235545 4,070 4,850 Lincoln Land Community CollegeIL509 1,010 4,199 5,718 City Colleges of Chicago-Malcolm X CollegeIL117467 4,256 4,840 City Colleges of Chicago-Richard J Daley CollegeIL181435 4,256 4,872 Prairie State CollegeIL159602 4,294 5,055 John A Logan CollegeIL196958 4,518 5,672 City Colleges of Chicago-Harry S Truman CollegeIL179512 5,737 6,428 Parkland CollegeIL580 1,146 5,934 7,660 Waubonsee Community CollegeIL794 1,587 6,022 8,403 Illinois Central CollegeIL685 1,689 6,085 8,459 Rock Valley CollegeIL168667 6,614 7,449 Elgin Community CollegeIL386 1,208 7,027 8,621 City Colleges of Chicago-Harold Washington CollegeIL310938 7,282 8,530 Triton CollegeIL516 1,433 8,310 10,259 City Colleges of Chicago-Wilbur Wright CollegeIL236561 8,341 9,138 Southwestern Illinois CollegeIL436 1,514 8,452 10,402 Oakton Community CollegeIL710 1,342 8,454 10,506 Harper CollegeIL642 1,556 8,715 10,913 Moraine Valley Community CollegeIL326 1,237 9,339 10,902 College of Lake CountyIL717 1,587 10,496 12,800 Joliet Junior CollegeIL-- 13,158 13,158 College of DuPageIL 1,737 2,785 14,874 19,396 Good Samaritan Hospital School of Radiologic TechnologyIN--1919 Ivy Tech Community CollegeIN 13,787 26,673 50,652 91,112 Salina Area Technical CollegeKS--309309 Northwest Kansas Technical CollegeKS1556313384 North Central Kansas Technical CollegeKS-39441480 Independence Community CollegeKS67171443681 Flint Hills Technical CollegeKS41129464634 Colby Community CollegeKS70252485807 Pratt Community CollegeKS100181541822 Manhattan Area Technical CollegeKS14126615755 Neosho County Community CollegeKS214653726 1,593 Dodge City Community CollegeKS86310748 1,144 Labette Community CollegeKS112486761 1,359 Cloud County Community CollegeKS108203793 1,104 Coffeyville Community CollegeKS92219900 1,211 Fort Scott Community CollegeKS121261 1,103 1,485 Allen County Community CollegeKS 1,058 719 1,175 2,952 Garden City Community CollegeKS80137 1,184 1,401 Highland Community CollegeKS441243 1,351 2,035 Cowley County Community CollegeKS 1,411 914 1,355 3,680 Seward County Community College and Area Technical SchoolKS72113 1,441 1,626 Barton County Community CollegeKS913172 1,724 2,809 Hutchinson Community CollegeKS 1,212 1,167 2,011 4,390 Kansas City Kansas Community CollegeKS974 1,694 3,398 6,066 Butler Community CollegeKS 1,198 1,762 4,415 7,375 Johnson County Community CollegeKS 1,275 3,056 8,892 13,223 Henderson Community CollegeKY5908805 1,403 Hazard Community and Technical CollegeKY 1,573 8991 2,572 Maysville Community and Technical CollegeKY 1,439 10 1,399 2,848 Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical CollegeKY 1,127 32 1,458 2,617 Madisonville Community CollegeKY 1,291 8 1,485 2,784 Ashland Community and Technical CollegeKY 1,012 4 1,564 2,580 Bowling Green Technical CollegeKY 1,338 16 1,670 3,024 Big Sandy Community and Technical CollegeKY 1,467 12 1,712 3,191 Owensboro Community and Technical CollegeKY 1,414 13 2,029 3,456 Hopkinsville Community CollegeKY 1,240 12 2,211 3,463 Gateway Community and Technical CollegeKY 1,396 33 2,367 3,796 Somerset Community CollegeKY 3,885 10 2,430 6,325 West Kentucky Community and Technical CollegeKY 2,105 22 2,517 4,644 Elizabethtown Community and Technical CollegeKY 3,063 21 3,140 6,224 Bluegrass Community and Technical CollegeKY 5,064 237 6,295 11,596 Jefferson Community and Technical CollegeKY 4,362 121 7,874 12,357 South Central Louisiana Technical College-Young Memorial CampusLA-277803 1,080 Northeast Louisiana Technical CollegeLA--878878 Central Louisiana Technical Community CollegeLA-- 1,059 1,059 Nunez Community CollegeLA63321 1,144 1,528 Northwest Louisiana Technical CollegeLA-- 1,299 1,299 River Parishes Community CollegeLA85271 1,430 1,786 L E Fletcher Technical Community CollegeLA23161 1,450 1,634 Capital Area Technical College-Baton Rouge CampusLA8100 1,473 1,581 Northshore Technical Community CollegeLA42262 1,481 1,785 Louisiana Delta Community College-Monroe CampusLA18324 1,657 1,999 Sowela Technical Community CollegeLA78491 1,750 2,319 Louisiana State University EuniceLA208587 1,870 2,665 Acadiana Technical College-Lafayette CampusLA-- 2,493 2,493 Southern University at ShreveportLA5950 2,542 2,651 South Louisiana Community CollegeLA20201 2,943 3,164 Bossier Parish Community CollegeLA909 1,503 4,223 6,635 Baton Rouge Community CollegeLA330 1,328 7,060 8,718 Delgado Community CollegeLA100200 16,957 17,257 Berkshire Community CollegeMA40310 1,770 2,120 Greenfield Community CollegeMA88335 1,852 2,275 Roxbury Community CollegeMA19112 2,380 2,511 Cape Cod Community CollegeMA192634 2,776 3,602 Mount Wachusett Community CollegeMA381774 3,128 4,283 Quincy CollegeMA48345 3,458 3,851 Massachusetts Bay Community CollegeMA225584 3,814 4,623 Holyoke Community CollegeMA511 1,439 4,859 6,809 Northern Essex Community CollegeMA472 1,443 4,865 6,780 Bristol Community CollegeMA537 2,100 5,281 7,918 Springfield Technical Community CollegeMA309792 5,436 6,537 Quinsigamond Community CollegeMA338 1,817 5,726 7,881 Massasoit Community CollegeMA182649 5,811 6,642 North Shore Community CollegeMA338879 6,016 7,233 Middlesex Community CollegeMA383 1,718 6,748 8,849 Bunker Hill Community CollegeMA428 1,500 9,961 11,889 Garrett CollegeMD6138526670 Chesapeake CollegeMD198647 1,493 2,338 Cecil CollegeMD218738 1,585 2,541 Allegany College of MarylandMD155768 2,077 3,000 Wor-Wic Community CollegeMD73359 2,986 3,418 Carroll Community CollegeMD285548 3,092 3,925 Baltimore City Community CollegeMD276 1,466 3,164 4,906 Hagerstown Community CollegeMD268741 3,202 4,211 Frederick Community CollegeMD440816 4,227 5,483 Harford Community CollegeMD427 1,208 4,504 6,139 College of Southern MarylandMD 1,126 2,249 5,214 8,589 Howard Community CollegeMD112479 8,651 9,242 Anne Arundel Community CollegeMD 2,296 3,359 9,492 15,147 Prince George's Community CollegeMD 1,184 2,177 9,514 12,875 Montgomery CollegeMD227888 18,582 19,697 The Community College of Baltimore CountyMD 1,508 3,251 18,770 23,529 Washington County Community CollegeME1878273369 Northern Maine Community CollegeME--804804 York County Community CollegeME124319838 1,281 Kennebec Valley Community CollegeME2785983 1,770 Eastern Maine Community CollegeME35281 1,684 2,000 Central Maine Community CollegeME-76 2,409 2,485 Southern Maine Community CollegeME389 1,056 4,627 6,072 Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community CollegeMI--8181 Saginaw Chippewa Tribal CollegeMI--105105 Bay Mills Community CollegeMI157112263532 Glen Oaks Community CollegeMI43227540810 Gogebic Community CollegeMI62262636960 West Shore Community CollegeMI105224818 1,147 Kirtland Community CollegeMI251365 1,031 1,647 Alpena Community CollegeMI61239 1,313 1,613 Bay de Noc Community CollegeMI126810 1,316 2,252 Montcalm Community CollegeMI75269 1,325 1,669 North Central Michigan CollegeMI304422 1,653 2,379 Monroe County Community CollegeMI104350 2,052 2,506 Southwestern Michigan CollegeMI265 2,241 2,308 Muskegon Community CollegeMI-758 2,342 3,100 Mid Michigan Community CollegeMI262677 2,370 3,309 Lake Michigan CollegeMI121361 3,067 3,549 St Clair County Community CollegeMI236437 3,206 3,879 Northwestern Michigan CollegeMI282827 3,289 4,398 Kellogg Community CollegeMI451662 3,911 5,024 Jackson Community CollegeMI696 1,054 4,055 5,805 Schoolcraft CollegeMI 2,372 1,739 5,691 9,802 Delta CollegeMI320 2,520 6,069 8,909 Mott Community CollegeMI240473 7,550 8,263 Washtenaw Community CollegeMI463 1,126 9,122 10,711 Kalamazoo Valley Community CollegeMI241884 9,193 10,318 Wayne County Community College DistrictMI 1,512 1,986 11,189 14,687 Macomb Community CollegeMI 1,007 1,558 11,491 14,056 Henry Ford Community CollegeMI 1,031 1,776 13,183 15,990 Grand Rapids Community CollegeMI860 2,604 13,215 16,679 Oakland Community CollegeMI427 1,048 14,279 15,754 Lansing Community CollegeMI 1,391 330 17,013 18,734 Rainy River Community CollegeMN554194253 Leech Lake Tribal CollegeMN-14308322 Northwest Technical CollegeMN256224413893 Vermilion Community CollegeMN--572572 Mesabi Range Community and Technical CollegeMN67331600998 Pine Technical CollegeMN32139619790 Hibbing Community College-A Technical and Community CollegeMN137305776 1,218 Fond du Lac Tribal and Community CollegeMN34240795 1,069 Minnesota West Community and Technical CollegeMN675786849 2,310 Itasca Community CollegeMN16137937 1,090 Minnesota State College-Southeast TechnicalMN342610 1,109 2,061 Anoka Technical CollegeMN85601 1,378 2,064 Alexandria Technical & Community CollegeMN203288 1,388 1,879 Central Lakes College-BrainerdMN434895 1,412 2,741 Riverland Community CollegeMN346924 1,505 2,775 Dakota County Technical CollegeMN324886 1,596 2,806 Lake Superior CollegeMN769 1,261 1,948 3,978 Northland Community and Technical CollegeMN336596 2,149 3,081 South Central CollegeMN212987 2,252 3,451 Ridgewater CollegeMN229906 2,421 3,556 Inver Hills Community CollegeMN642 1,340 3,141 5,123 Rochester Community and Technical CollegeMN838 1,432 3,193 5,463 St. Cloud Technical and Community CollegeMN287819 3,220 4,326 Minnesota State Community and Technical CollegeMN 1,048 793 3,382 5,223 North Hennepin Community CollegeMN906 1,695 4,263 6,864 Saint Paul College-A Community and Technical CollegeMN374 1,433 4,352 6,159 Anoka-Ramsey Community CollegeMN909 1,700 4,492 7,101 Hennepin Technical CollegeMN198 1,057 4,818 6,073 Normandale Community CollegeMN668 1,619 6,037 8,324 Minneapolis Community and Technical CollegeMN596 1,636 7,189 9,421 Century CollegeMN728 1,760 7,464 9,952 Nichols Career CenterMO--7171 Hillyard Technical CenterMO--158158 Rolla Technical InstituteMO--166166 Cape Girardeau Career and Technology CenterMO--266266 North Central Missouri CollegeMO39869320 1,228 Missouri State University-West PlainsMO157492984 1,633 Linn State Technical CollegeMO6141 1,006 1,153 Three Rivers Community CollegeMO383 1,780 1,210 3,373 Moberly Area Community CollegeMO801 2,290 1,621 4,712 State Fair Community CollegeMO930 1,575 1,968 4,473 Mineral Area CollegeMO175849 2,256 3,280 East Central CollegeMO69584 2,512 3,165 Crowder CollegeMO273 1,219 2,741 4,233 Jefferson CollegeMO432 1,259 3,562 5,253 St Charles Community CollegeMO288993 5,715 6,996 Ozarks Technical Community CollegeMO 1,990 2,503 9,003 13,496 Metropolitan Community College-Kansas CityMO 1,595 3,452 12,943 17,990 Saint Louis Community CollegeMO649 4,310 18,915 23,874 Southwest Mississippi Community CollegeMS208563 1,212 1,983 East Central Community CollegeMS330472 1,538 2,340 Copiah-Lincoln Community CollegeMS382 1,074 1,690 3,146 Coahoma Community CollegeMS144307 1,754 2,205 Northeast Mississippi Community CollegeMS363737 2,205 3,305 East Mississippi Community CollegeMS 1,048 1,430 2,220 4,698 Mississippi Delta Community CollegeMS206323 2,257 2,786 Meridian Community CollegeMS403 1,131 2,604 4,138 Itawamba Community CollegeMS 1,319 1,907 2,776 6,002 Jones County Junior CollegeMS166 1,085 3,008 4,259 Pearl River Community CollegeMS418907 3,981 5,306 Holmes Community CollegeMS 1,152 1,072 4,092 6,316 Northwest Mississippi Community CollegeMS641 1,512 6,067 8,220 Mississippi Gulf Coast Community CollegeMS 1,108 2,658 6,326 10,092 Hinds Community CollegeMS 1,006 1,411 8,415 10,832 Chief Dull Knife CollegeMT--169169 Aaniiih Nakoda CollegeMT--184184 Stone Child CollegeMT--191191 Dawson Community CollegeMT5412200266 Miles Community CollegeMT5299263414 Little Big Horn CollegeMT--315315 Fort Peck Community CollegeMT--372372 Highlands College of Montana TechMT20174398592 Great Falls College Montana State UniversityMT320652673 1,645 Helena College University of MontanaMT58404787 1,249 Flathead Valley Community CollegeMT125431 1,413 1,969 Southwestern Community CollegeNC745 1,048 71 1,864 Carolinas College of Health SciencesNC-330105435 Pamlico Community CollegeNC134147123404 Mercy School of NursingNC--141141 Tri-County Community CollegeNC261549194 1,004 Martin Community CollegeNC40271237548 Stanly Community CollegeNC 1,822 254250 2,326 Bladen Community CollegeNC284638329 1,251 Beaufort County Community CollegeNC132 1,136 434 1,702 Roanoke-Chowan Community CollegeNC56360454870 Montgomery Community CollegeNC55245455755 Brunswick Community CollegeNC329304485 1,118 South Piedmont Community CollegeNC468 1,126 571 2,165 Lenoir Community CollegeNC 1,386 632595 2,613 Wilson Community CollegeNC263598643 1,504 Southeastern Community CollegeNC200562670 1,432 James Sprunt Community CollegeNC89538678 1,305 Piedmont Community CollegeNC226597694 1,517 McDowell Technical Community CollegeNC19279699997 Carteret Community CollegeNC227549753 1,529 Halifax Community CollegeNC98506783 1,387 Catawba Valley Community CollegeNC 1,360 1,836 786 3,982 Haywood Community CollegeNC613434819 1,866 College of the AlbemarleNC375927823 2,125 Richmond Community CollegeNC169929965 2,063 Sampson Community CollegeNC47305971 1,323 Craven Community CollegeNC941 1,070 1,084 3,095 Mayland Community CollegeNC39208 1,091 1,338 Caldwell Community College and Technical InstituteNC640 2,005 1,161 3,806 Blue Ridge Community CollegeNC227618 1,162 2,007 Western Piedmont Community CollegeNC217830 1,227 2,274 Isothermal Community CollegeNC219876 1,337 2,432 Randolph Community CollegeNC289 1,074 1,362 2,725 Johnston Community CollegeNC442 1,759 1,402 3,603 Nash Community CollegeNC249797 1,458 2,504 Surry Community CollegeNC533856 1,464 2,853 Wilkes Community CollegeNC186744 1,527 2,457 Rockingham Community CollegeNC54269 1,551 1,874 Edgecombe Community CollegeNC581776 1,571 2,928 Mitchell Community CollegeNC77 1,065 1,643 2,785 Wayne Community CollegeNC445 1,129 1,678 3,252 Cleveland Community CollegeNC695721 1,800 3,216 Central Carolina Community CollegeNC661 1,308 1,881 3,850 Sandhills Community CollegeNC401 1,597 1,913 3,911 Davidson County Community CollegeNC490 1,207 1,924 3,621 Robeson Community CollegeNC130533 2,088 2,751 Vance-Granville Community CollegeNC573 1,231 2,118 3,922 Pitt Community CollegeNC 1,095 4,462 2,184 7,741 Alamance Community CollegeNC364 1,133 2,646 4,143 Coastal Carolina Community CollegeNC529 1,060 2,725 4,314 Gaston CollegeNC580 2,267 2,756 5,603 Rowan-Cabarrus Community CollegeNC816 2,841 2,862 6,519 Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community CollegeNC521 2,539 3,216 6,276 Durham Technical Community CollegeNC369 1,054 3,404 4,827 Fayetteville Technical Community CollegeNC 2,489 3,680 4,206 10,375 Forsyth Technical Community CollegeNC 1,572 2,529 4,774 8,875 Cape Fear Community CollegeNC810 1,037 6,894 8,741 Central Piedmont Community CollegeNC 2,658 7,465 7,898 18,021 Wake Technical Community CollegeNC 3,470 7,782 8,335 19,587 Guilford Technical Community CollegeNC 1,298 3,731 9,509 14,538 Williston State CollegeND149199177525 Dakota College at BottineauND126140178444 Cankdeska Cikana Community CollegeND--227227 Lake Region State CollegeND340131228699 North Dakota State College of ScienceND563389 1,272 2,224 Nebraska Indian Community CollegeNE-150-150 Nebraska College of Technical AgricultureNE--247247 Mid-Plains Community CollegeNE303680493 1,476 Western Nebraska Community CollegeNE206446 1,062 1,714 Northeast Community CollegeNE347919 1,664 2,930 Central Community CollegeNE689 1,115 2,809 4,613 Southeast Community College AreaNE 1,170 1,491 5,316 7,977 Metropolitan Community College AreaNE 1,266 1,088 5,834 8,188 White Mountains Community CollegeNH33115559707 River Valley Community CollegeNH86256594936 Lakes Region Community CollegeNH22172804998 Great Bay Community CollegeNH59401 1,341 1,801 Manchester Community CollegeNH163465 1,672 2,300 Nashua Community CollegeNH29102 1,876 2,007 NHTI-Concord's Community CollegeNH136455 3,275 3,866 Salem Community CollegeNJ17198939 1,154 Warren County Community CollegeNJ70369 1,364 1,803 Sussex County Community CollegeNJ52999 1,919 2,970 Cumberland County CollegeNJ-780 3,043 3,823 Atlantic Cape Community CollegeNJ582 1,368 4,956 6,906 Gloucester County CollegeNJ216 1,108 5,067 6,391 Raritan Valley Community CollegeNJ370 1,087 5,686 7,143 County College of MorrisNJ243 1,565 5,825 7,633 Burlington County CollegeNJ864 1,978 6,394 9,236 Mercer County Community CollegeNJ344 1,003 6,774 8,121 Ocean County CollegeNJ600 1,167 6,806 8,573 Passaic County Community CollegeNJ340 1,045 7,997 9,382 Hudson County Community CollegeNJ106922 8,028 9,056 Union County CollegeNJ289 1,733 9,232 11,254 Camden County CollegeNJ584 1,406 10,290 12,280 Essex County CollegeNJ-539 10,547 11,086 Middlesex County CollegeNJ95751 10,776 11,622 Brookdale Community CollegeNJ329 1,188 11,318 12,835 Bergen Community CollegeNJ479 2,457 12,699 15,635 University of New Mexico-Los Alamos CampusNM23899169506 Eastern New Mexico University-Ruidoso CampusNM347191173711 New Mexico State University-GrantsNM88253206547 Mesalands Community CollegeNM2083395498 Southwestern Indian Polytechnic InstituteNM289441478 New Mexico State University-CarlsbadNM117270462849 New Mexico Military InstituteNM--490490 Luna Community CollegeNM102261549912 New Mexico State University-AlamogordoNM332671578 1,581 New Mexico Junior CollegeNM141474798 1,413 Eastern New Mexico University-Roswell CampusNM478 1,049 915 2,442 University of New Mexico-Taos CampusNM2264933 1,019 Clovis Community CollegeNM382543 1,137 2,062 University of New Mexico-Valencia County CampusNM146320 1,464 1,930 University of New Mexico-Gallup CampusNM46181 2,170 2,397 Santa Fe Community CollegeNM389834 2,673 3,896 San Juan CollegeNM 1,450 1,033 3,805 6,288 New Mexico State University-Dona AnaNM868 1,931 4,226 7,025 Central New Mexico Community CollegeNM 2,128 4,551 18,515 25,194 Truckee Meadows Community CollegeNV 1,207 2,539 6,141 9,887 Western Suffolk BOCESNY--344344 North Country Community CollegeNY-438371809 Clinton Community CollegeNY209286 1,026 1,521 Sullivan County Community CollegeNY35180 1,045 1,260 Herkimer County Community CollegeNY703534 1,411 2,648 Columbia-Greene Community CollegeNY19148 1,429 1,596 Ulster County Community CollegeNY89560 1,583 2,232 Cayuga County Community CollegeNY392768 1,828 2,988 Fulton-Montgomery Community CollegeNY52219 1,969 2,240 Jefferson Community CollegeNY270624 2,230 3,124 Tompkins Cortland Community CollegeNY231717 2,271 3,219 Corning Community CollegeNY104634 2,482 3,220 Adirondack Community CollegeNY112500 2,714 3,326 Jamestown Community CollegeNY151482 2,814 3,447 Schenectady County Community CollegeNY153848 2,919 3,920 Genesee Community CollegeNY270 1,117 2,934 4,321 Finger Lakes Community CollegeNY391838 3,411 4,640 Broome Community CollegeNY272 1,298 3,905 5,475 Niagara County Community CollegeNY213980 4,142 5,335 Mohawk Valley Community CollegeNY285 1,206 4,358 5,849 CUNY Hostos Community CollegeNY-977 4,815 5,792 Orange County Community CollegeNY3463 5,129 5,595 Rockland Community CollegeNY91 1,190 5,553 6,834 Hudson Valley Community CollegeNY945 2,312 6,097 9,354 Onondaga Community CollegeNY538 1,546 6,800 8,884 Dutchess Community CollegeNY83407 7,081 7,571 CUNY Borough of Manhattan Community CollegeNY367 15,980 7,617 23,964 Erie Community CollegeNY472 2,301 8,911 11,684 CUNY Bronx Community CollegeNY62618 9,918 10,598 SUNY Westchester Community CollegeNY248 1,391 10,651 12,290 CUNY Queensborough Community CollegeNY253 1,280 12,559 14,092 CUNY Kingsborough Community CollegeNY26 2,065 12,647 14,738 Monroe Community CollegeNY833 2,231 12,736 15,800 CUNY LaGuardia Community CollegeNY18 1,796 14,735 16,549 Nassau Community CollegeNY332 2,033 19,039 21,404 Suffolk County Community CollegeNY394 2,261 20,113 22,768 Tri-County Adult Career CenterOH--138138 Toledo Public Schools Adult & Continuing EducationOH--156156 Warren County Career CenterOH--243243 Career and Technology Education Centers of Licking CountyOH--248248 Washington County Career Center-Adult Technical TrainingOH4-274278 Great Oaks Institute of Technology and Career DevelopmentOH--310310 Knox County Career CenterOH--343343 EHOVE Career CenterOH--357357 O C Collins Career CenterOH--393393 Ohio State University Agricultural Technical InstituteOH-14593607 Washington State Community CollegeOH67348961 1,376 Bowling Green State University-FirelandsOH118443 1,225 1,786 Belmont CollegeOH15233 1,288 1,536 Zane State CollegeOH147848 1,330 2,325 Eastern Gateway Community CollegeOH157532 1,332 2,021 Terra State Community CollegeOH211825 1,389 2,425 University of Akron Wayne CollegeOH523 1,511 1,539 Edison State Community CollegeOH165413 1,780 2,358 Southern State Community CollegeOH72385 1,780 2,237 North Central State CollegeOH63509 1,912 2,484 Central Ohio Technical CollegeOH452 1,138 1,920 3,510 Northwest State Community CollegeOH226662 1,921 2,809 Marion Technical CollegeOH136477 2,106 2,719 Clark State Community CollegeOH771 1,111 2,568 4,450 James A Rhodes State CollegeOH57552 2,736 3,345 Hocking CollegeOH- 1,000 3,339 4,339 Lakeland Community CollegeOH796 1,472 4,703 6,971 Lorain County Community CollegeOH 2,254 3,803 5,039 11,096 Cincinnati State Technical and Community CollegeOH570 2,229 6,654 9,453 Columbus State Community CollegeOH 2,624 3,769 7,644 14,037 Cuyahoga Community College DistrictOH 1,935 4,330 8,428 14,693 Stark State CollegeOH 1,042 2,396 9,509 12,947 Owens Community CollegeOH 1,858 2,917 10,686 15,461 Sinclair Community CollegeOH 2,390 3,099 12,193 17,682 Kiamichi Technology Center-StiglerOK--4747 Southwest Technology CenterOK--5858 Caddo Kiowa Technology CenterOK--197197 Indian Capital Technology Center-TahlequahOK--223223 Kiamichi Technology Center-DurantOK--281281 Great Plains Technology CenterOK--287287 Autry Technology CenterOK--323323 Meridian Technology CenterOK--329329 Moore Norman Technology CenterOK--526526 Tulsa Technology Center-Riverside CampusOK--551551 Western Oklahoma State CollegeOK412575592 1,579 Murray State CollegeOK241994626 1,861 Indian Capital Technology Center-MuskogeeOK--720720 Eastern Oklahoma State CollegeOK88693815 1,596 Redlands Community CollegeOK403541823 1,767 Gordon Cooper Technology CenterOK10-867877 Seminole State CollegeOK139594993 1,726 Metro Technology CentersOK-- 1,252 1,252 Northeastern Oklahoma A&M CollegeOK211765 1,308 2,284 Connors State CollegeOK33512 1,341 1,886 Carl Albert State CollegeOK374645 1,371 2,390 Northern Oklahoma CollegeOK451 1,375 2,146 3,972 Rose State CollegeOK956 1,683 4,520 7,159 Oklahoma City Community CollegeOK 1,735 3,050 8,416 13,201 Tulsa Community CollegeOK 2,256 3,448 10,114 15,818 Oregon Coast Community CollegeOR46144324514 Tillamook Bay Community CollegeOR-116350466 Southwestern Oregon Community CollegeOR- 1,326 373 1,699 Clatsop Community CollegeOR25142570737 Blue Mountain Community CollegeOR307755683 1,745 Columbia Gorge Community CollegeOR68139692899 Klamath Community CollegeOR--956956 Umpqua Community CollegeOR216497 1,098 1,811 Treasure Valley Community CollegeOR230467 1,726 2,423 Rogue Community CollegeOR539 1,250 2,858 4,647 Linn-Benton Community CollegeOR444362 4,902 5,708 Clackamas Community CollegeOR746 1,284 5,600 7,630 Central Oregon Community CollegeOR188597 5,822 6,607 Lane Community CollegeOR935 2,644 6,378 9,957 Mt Hood Community CollegeOR680 1,850 6,569 9,099 Chemeketa Community CollegeOR 2,059 1,934 6,655 10,648 Portland Community CollegeOR 4,191 6,861 19,035 30,087 Somerset County Technology CenterPA--6868 University of Pittsburgh-TitusvillePA-5381386 Thaddeus Stevens College of TechnologyPA--869869 Pennsylvania Highlands Community CollegePA47236952 1,235 Community College of Beaver CountyPA-519 1,252 1,771 Butler County Community CollegePA252567 2,725 3,544 Westmoreland County Community CollegePA 1,030 1,560 3,351 5,941 Reading Area Community CollegePA174521 3,542 4,237 Lehigh Carbon Community CollegePA628998 4,567 6,193 Luzerne County Community CollegePA478878 4,928 6,284 Bucks County Community CollegePA 1,135 1,567 6,991 9,693 Northampton County Area Community CollegePA 1,329 1,668 7,552 10,549 Delaware County Community CollegePA 1,451 3,262 8,338 13,051 Montgomery County Community CollegePA 1,215 2,132 9,196 12,543 Harrisburg Area Community College-HarrisburgPA 1,267 2,644 9,787 13,698 Community College of Allegheny CountyPA 1,671 3,128 13,648 18,447 Community College of PhiladelphiaPA 1,090 2,020 14,948 18,058 Community College of Rhode IslandRI299 1,159 15,486 16,944 University of South Carolina-UnionSC-19274293 Northeastern Technical CollegeSC164503371 1,038 University of South Carolina-SumterSC-78565643 Williamsburg Technical CollegeSC--616616 University of South Carolina-SalkehatchieSC-126741867 University of South Carolina-LancasterSC-225839 1,064 Technical College of the LowcountrySC230660 1,351 2,241 Orangeburg Calhoun Technical CollegeSC158508 1,774 2,440 Aiken Technical CollegeSC198729 1,872 2,799 Denmark Technical CollegeSC-- 2,002 2,002 Piedmont Technical CollegeSC919 1,904 2,722 5,545 Central Carolina Technical CollegeSC437988 2,763 4,188 York Technical CollegeSC415 1,162 2,941 4,518 Florence-Darlington Technical CollegeSC981 1,704 3,260 5,945 Spartanburg Community CollegeSC453 1,310 3,463 5,226 Tri-County Technical CollegeSC390 1,919 3,592 5,901 Horry-Georgetown Technical CollegeSC557 1,664 4,968 7,189 Greenville Technical CollegeSC 1,303 3,762 7,633 12,698 Midlands Technical CollegeSC793 3,101 7,689 11,583 Trident Technical CollegeSC 2,161 4,305 9,325 15,791 Sisseton Wahpeton CollegeSD--175175 Western Dakota Technical InstituteSD80114745939 Mitchell Technical InstituteSD6258917 1,037 Lake Area Technical InstituteSD-148 1,334 1,482 Southeast Technical InstituteSD291721 1,552 2,564 Tennessee Technology Center at RipleyTN--134134 Tennessee Technology Center at WhitevilleTN3-151154 Tennessee Technology Center at AthensTN1-166167 Tennessee Technology Center at PulaskiTN2-168170 Tennessee Technology Center at CovingtonTN13-188201 Tennessee Technology Center at McMinnvilleTN5-190195 Tennessee Technology Center at CrumpTN10-219229 Tennessee Technology Center at JacksboroTN9-224233 Tennessee Technology Center at McKenzieTN3-227230 Tennessee Technology Center at Oneida-HuntsvilleTN10-236246 Tennessee Technology Center at HarrimanTN8-258266 Tennessee Technology Center at NewbernTN24-276300 Tennessee Technology Center at HartsvilleTN9-281290 Tennessee Technology Center at CrossvilleTN10-288298 Tennessee Technology Center at ParisTN3-296299 Tennessee Technology Center at MurfreesboroTN12-324336 Tennessee Technology Center at JacksonTN-94333427 Tennessee Technology Center at LivingstonTN4-345349 Tennessee Technology Center at HohenwaldTN--358358 Tennessee Technology Center at ShelbyvilleTN21-421442 Tennessee Technology Center at ElizabethtonTN--514514 Tennessee Technology Center at DicksonTN31-551582 Tennessee Technology Center at MorristownTN4-715719 Tennessee Technology Center at KnoxvilleTN27-740767 Tennessee Technology Center at MemphisTN9-839848 Tennessee Technology Center at NashvilleTN11-925936 Dyersburg State Community CollegeTN254754 1,715 2,723 Jackson State Community CollegeTN386 1,266 2,060 3,712 Cleveland State Community CollegeTN206790 2,063 3,059 Motlow State Community CollegeTN632822 2,476 3,930 Columbia State Community CollegeTN490 1,487 2,541 4,518 Walters State Community CollegeTN500 2,149 2,628 5,277 Roane State Community CollegeTN619 1,281 3,356 5,256 Volunteer State Community CollegeTN 1,081 1,738 3,770 6,589 Northeast State Community CollegeTN309 1,316 3,970 5,595 Nashville State Community CollegeTN996 1,904 5,332 8,232 Chattanooga State Community CollegeTN887 2,369 5,387 8,643 Pellissippi State Community CollegeTN534 1,512 6,979 9,025 Southwest Tennessee Community CollegeTN67500 11,000 11,567 Southwest Collegiate Institute for the DeafTX520118143 Texas State Technical College-MarshallTX36233152421 Texas State Technical College-West TexasTX38215342595 Frank Phillips CollegeTX29108465602 Clarendon CollegeTX85203766 1,054 Vernon CollegeTX369 1,349 851 2,569 Ranger CollegeTX376518909 1,803 Western Texas CollegeTX--973973 Lamar State College-Port ArthurTX446346 1,010 1,802 Coastal Bend CollegeTX276991 1,122 2,389 Panola CollegeTX382 1,069 1,129 2,580 Galveston CollegeTX162548 1,221 1,931 Hill CollegeTX717 1,110 1,493 3,320 Lamar State College-OrangeTX-583 1,502 2,085 Del Mar CollegeTX780 8,734 1,516 11,030 Odessa CollegeTX567 1,060 1,560 3,187 Trinity Valley Community CollegeTX872 2,583 1,608 5,063 Northeast Texas Community CollegeTX299598 1,666 2,563 Lamar Institute of TechnologyTX106534 1,922 2,562 Victoria CollegeTX825 1,474 2,155 4,454 Texarkana CollegeTX181388 2,218 2,787 Grayson CollegeTX390 1,094 2,434 3,918 Southwest Texas Junior CollegeTX316 1,335 2,484 4,135 Texas State Technical College HarlingenTX96299 2,645 3,040 Howard CollegeTX671 1,028 2,684 4,383 College of the MainlandTX262801 2,947 4,010 Alvin Community CollegeTX256749 3,107 4,112 North Central Texas CollegeTX516 1,125 3,230 4,871 Collin County Community College DistrictTX 2,358 19,009 3,286 24,653 Cisco CollegeTX45392 3,321 3,758 Texas State Technical College WacoTX-590 3,462 4,052 Angelina CollegeTX546 1,389 3,505 5,440 Palo Alto CollegeTX 1,846 1,024 3,656 6,526 Weatherford CollegeTX448 1,262 3,705 5,415 Paris Junior CollegeTX459 1,286 3,768 5,513 Temple CollegeTX426815 4,044 5,285 McLennan Community CollegeTX 1,429 2,299 4,281 8,009 St Philip's CollegeTX 2,405 1,253 4,486 8,144 Kilgore CollegeTX548964 4,719 6,231 Wharton County Junior CollegeTX491 1,078 4,730 6,299 Cedar Valley CollegeTX70670 4,749 5,525 Lee CollegeTX262977 4,802 6,041 South Plains CollegeTX566 1,621 5,346 7,533 Laredo Community CollegeTX704 1,138 5,500 7,342 Tyler Junior CollegeTX758 4,728 5,883 11,369 Navarro CollegeTX- 3,874 6,224 10,098 Amarillo CollegeTX 1,099 2,888 6,436 10,423 Mountain View CollegeTX45148 7,339 7,838 Central Texas CollegeTX 6,790 1,965 8,047 16,802 North Lake CollegeTX83191 8,290 9,212 El Centro CollegeTX61076 8,795 9,481 Northwest Vista CollegeTX 1,301 1,634 9,575 12,510 Brookhaven CollegeTX90276 9,633 10,611 Eastfield CollegeTX972135 10,880 11,987 Blinn CollegeTX893 1,868 13,382 16,143 San Antonio CollegeTX 2,560 2,899 14,414 19,873 Richland CollegeTX 1,301 191 14,662 16,154 San Jacinto Community CollegeTX 2,102 5,306 17,797 25,205 El Paso Community CollegeTX 1,461 3,278 25,972 30,711 Austin Community College DistrictTX 2,959 5,423 26,220 34,602 Tarrant County College DistrictTX 4,920 6,931 32,944 44,795 Houston Community CollegeTX 6,059 9,313 34,639 50,011 Lone Star College SystemTX 7,428 11,062 41,938 60,428 Mountainland Applied Technology CollegeUT--821821 Bridgerland Applied Technology CollegeUT--865865 Davis Applied Technology CollegeUT-- 2,269 2,269 Ogden-Weber Applied Technology CollegeUT-1 2,615 2,616 Salt Lake Community CollegeUT 2,221 4,531 18,597 25,349 Paul D Camp Community CollegeVA151480347978 Wytheville Community CollegeVA784 1,131 374 2,289 Rappahannock Community CollegeVA490941382 1,813 Eastern Shore Community CollegeVA59254406719 Southwest Virginia Community CollegeVA340857656 1,853 Mountain Empire Community CollegeVA458838762 2,058 Dabney S Lancaster Community CollegeVA--813813 Patrick Henry Community CollegeVA417 1,013 897 2,327 Richard Bland College of the College of William and MaryVA-245932 1,177 Virginia Highlands Community CollegeVA224606959 1,789 New River Community CollegeVA722 1,260 1,068 3,050 Southside Virginia Community CollegeVA589 1,213 1,239 3,041 Blue Ridge Community CollegeVA537 1,820 1,336 3,693 Central Virginia Community CollegeVA342 1,064 1,658 3,064 Danville Community CollegeVA122637 1,940 2,699 Piedmont Virginia Community CollegeVA457 1,310 2,150 3,917 Lord Fairfax Community CollegeVA662 1,808 2,286 4,756 Germanna Community CollegeVA928 1,983 2,934 5,845 John Tyler Community CollegeVA894 2,482 3,132 6,508 Virginia Western Community CollegeVA569 1,828 3,217 5,614 Thomas Nelson Community CollegeVA 1,134 2,508 5,600 9,242 J Sargeant Reynolds Community CollegeVA 1,831 3,333 5,793 10,957 Tidewater Community CollegeVA 3,543 8,775 14,908 27,226 Northern Virginia Community CollegeVA 5,597 11,246 27,752 44,595 Community College of VermontVT684732 3,156 4,572 Grays Harbor CollegeWA154222423799 Bellingham Technical CollegeWA56109557722 Lower Columbia CollegeWA140359922 1,421 Big Bend Community CollegeWA79282952 1,313 Renton Technical CollegeWA14574 1,006 1,225 Skagit Valley CollegeWA596815 1,238 2,649 Clover Park Technical CollegeWA83291 1,239 1,613 Cascadia Community CollegeWA228408 1,431 2,067 Bates Technical CollegeWA1050 1,525 1,585 Seattle Community College-North CampusWA344460 1,569 2,373 Shoreline Community CollegeWA518611 1,666 2,795 Yakima Valley Community CollegeWA249625 1,776 2,650 Walla Walla Community CollegeWA369391 1,834 2,594 Wenatchee Valley CollegeWA155421 2,164 2,740 South Puget Sound Community CollegeWA296551 2,368 3,215 Pierce College at Fort SteilacoomWA 1,779 667 2,373 4,819 Highline Community CollegeWA475717 2,448 3,640 Pierce College at PuyallupWA-- 2,641 2,641 Whatcom Community CollegeWA1371 2,800 3,172 Edmonds Community CollegeWA668 1,152 2,891 4,711 Everett Community CollegeWA514958 3,149 4,621 Spokane Falls Community CollegeWA483950 3,230 4,663 Spokane Community CollegeWA390 1,192 3,353 4,935 Tacoma Community CollegeWA522 1,153 3,390 5,065 Green River Community CollegeWA524 1,107 3,471 5,102 Clark CollegeWA741 1,865 8,633 11,239 Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwa Community CollegeWI-322-322 Nicolet Area Technical CollegeWI143627416 1,186 Southwest Wisconsin Technical CollegeWI183237897 1,317 Lakeshore Technical CollegeWI74 1,061 1,036 2,171 Mid-State Technical CollegeWI115 1,157 1,311 2,583 Wisconsin Indianhead Technical CollegeWI334 1,430 1,409 3,173 Northcentral Technical CollegeWI767 1,520 1,415 3,702 Moraine Park Technical CollegeWI355 1,134 1,848 3,337 Western Technical CollegeWI645 1,895 2,001 4,541 Blackhawk Technical CollegeWI85435 2,447 2,967 Chippewa Valley Technical CollegeWI297 1,160 3,382 4,839 Northeast Wisconsin Technical CollegeWI664 1,801 3,952 6,417 Fox Valley Technical CollegeWI509 1,960 5,141 7,610 Waukesha County Technical CollegeWI148690 5,186 6,024 Gateway Technical CollegeWI498 1,249 6,042 7,789 University of Wisconsin CollegesWI 1,198 1,517 9,327 12,042 Milwaukee Area Technical CollegeWI 1,218 3,380 11,881 16,479 South Branch Career and Technical CenterWV--2121 Bridgemont Community and Technical CollegeWV190350179719 Carver Career CenterWV--183183 Mercer County Technical Education CenterWV--185185 Eastern West Virginia Community and Technical CollegeWV61167306534 Kanawha Valley Community and Technical CollegeWV34 1,010 390 1,434 Pierpont Community and Technical CollegeWV68 1,626 681 2,375 Blue Ridge Community and Technical CollegeWV-833 1,133 1,966 New River Community and Technical CollegeWV165660 1,199 2,024 Mountwest Community and Technical CollegeWV315432 1,416 2,163 West Virginia Northern Community CollegeWV105484 1,500 2,089 Southern West Virginia Community and Technical CollegeWV-400 1,618 2,018 Eastern Wyoming CollegeWY96204470770 Central Wyoming CollegeWY203561487 1,251 Northwest CollegeWY152536 1,086 1,774 Sheridan CollegeWY114526 1,399 2,039 Casper CollegeWY327893 1,673 2,893 Western Wyoming Community CollegeWY618545 1,758 2,921 Laramie County Community CollegeWY325 1,108 2,112 3,545

Here is the data table on GDrive for sharing / downloading.

Summary by State Summary of US public 2-year institutions and online education enrollment by state for Fall 2012, from IPEDS State# exclusive online courses# some but not all online courses# at least one online course# no online coursesTotal Enrollment TOTALS 547,928 1,092,908 1,640,836 4,092,065 5,732,901 KY 32,366 567 32,933 39,947 72,880 ND 1,178 859 2,037 2,082 4,119 CO 14,209 13,577 27,786 54,213 81,999 AZ 27,736 46,513 74,249 92,783 167,032 KS 9,674 13,063 22,737 35,588 58,325 AK4697143138281 NC 34,058 77,353 111,411 107,579 218,990 IN 13,787 26,673 40,460 50,671 91,131 VT684732 1,416 3,156 4,572 NE 3,981 5,889 9,870 17,425 27,295 VA 20,850 47,632 68,482 81,541 150,023 AR 6,139 11,741 17,880 29,765 47,645 GA 17,564 33,925 51,489 86,487 137,976 NV 1,207 2,539 3,746 6,141 9,887 NM 7,322 12,817 20,139 40,099 60,238 WY 1,835 4,373 6,208 8,985 15,193 OK 7,309 14,875 22,184 38,726 60,910 MS 8,894 16,589 25,483 50,145 75,628 ID 2,353 7,418 9,771 10,279 20,050 WA 9,519 15,801 25,320 59,049 84,369 OR 10,674 20,368 31,042 64,591 95,633 OH 16,135 33,528 49,663 97,009 146,672 IA 7,621 16,343 23,964 46,294 70,258 TX 65,694 126,048 191,742 414,659 606,401 MN 11,696 25,468 37,164 74,772 111,936 SC 9,159 24,667 33,826 58,761 92,587 PA 11,767 21,705 33,472 93,095 126,567 MT629 1,772 2,401 4,965 7,366 WI 7,233 21,575 28,808 57,691 86,499 TN 7,190 17,982 25,172 62,644 87,816 MO 7,787 22,316 30,103 65,417 95,520 HI 1,715 4,483 6,198 15,971 22,169 CA 96,725 174,263 270,988 1,039,826 1,310,814 MD 8,799 19,832 28,631 97,079 125,710 SD433 1,041 1,474 4,723 6,197 UT 2,221 4,532 6,753 25,167 31,920 MI 13,202 24,165 37,367 153,609 190,976 FL 5,672 12,277 17,949 65,683 83,632 WV938 5,962 6,900 8,811 15,711 AL 4,529 15,964 20,493 57,264 77,757 IL 13,448 37,037 50,485 212,200 262,685 MA 4,491 15,431 19,922 73,881 93,803 NH528 1,966 2,494 10,121 12,615 ME568 2,595 3,163 11,618 14,781 NJ 5,580 21,663 27,243 129,660 156,903 LA 1,943 6,076 8,019 52,512 60,531 NY 8,616 51,228 59,844 209,587 269,431 CT 1,625 6,335 7,960 42,856 50,816 DE300 2,094 2,394 11,314 13,708 RI299 1,159 1,458 15,486 16,944 Summary of US public 2-year institutions and online education enrollment percentages by state for Fall 2012, from IPEDS State% exclusive online courses% some but not all online courses% at least one online course% no online coursesTotal Enrollment TOTALS10%19%29%71%5,732,901 KY44%1%45%55% 72,880 ND29%21%49%51% 4,119 CO17%17%34%66% 81,999 AZ17%28%44%56% 167,032 KS17%22%39%61% 58,325 AK16%35%51%49%281 NC16%35%51%49% 218,990 IN15%29%44%56% 91,131 VT15%16%31%69% 4,572 NE15%22%36%64% 27,295 VA14%32%46%54% 150,023 AR13%25%38%62% 47,645 GA13%25%37%63% 137,976 NV12%26%38%62% 9,887 NM12%21%33%67% 60,238 WY12%29%41%59% 15,193 OK12%24%36%64% 60,910 MS12%22%34%66% 75,628 ID12%37%49%51% 20,050 WA11%19%30%70% 84,369 OR11%21%32%68% 95,633 OH11%23%34%66% 146,672 IA11%23%34%66% 70,258 TX11%21%32%68% 606,401 MN10%23%33%67% 111,936 SC10%27%37%63% 92,587 PA9%17%26%74% 126,567 MT9%24%33%67% 7,366 WI8%25%33%67% 86,499 TN8%20%29%71% 87,816 MO8%23%32%68% 95,520 HI8%20%28%72% 22,169 CA7%13%21%79% 1,310,814 MD7%16%23%77% 125,710 SD7%17%24%76% 6,197 UT7%14%21%79% 31,920 MI7%13%20%80% 190,976 FL7%15%21%79% 83,632 WV6%38%44%56% 15,711 AL6%21%26%74% 77,757 IL5%14%19%81% 262,685 MA5%16%21%79% 93,803 NH4%16%20%80% 12,615 ME4%18%21%79% 14,781 NJ4%14%17%83% 156,903 LA3%10%13%87% 60,531 NY3%19%22%78% 269,431 CT3%12%16%84% 50,816 DE2%15%17%83% 13,708 RI2%7%9%91% 16,944

Here is the data table on GDrive for sharing / downloading.

Michigan Institutions Listing of Michigan public 2-year institutions and summary of Fall 2012 online education enrollment, from IPEDS MI Institutions# exclusive online courses# some but not all online courses# at least one online course# no online coursesTotal Enrollment TOTALS 13,202 24,165 37,367 153,609 190,976 Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College---8181 Saginaw Chippewa Tribal College---105105 Bay Mills Community College157112269263532 Glen Oaks Community College43227270540810 Gogebic Community College62262324636960 West Shore Community College105224329818 1,147 Kirtland Community College251365616 1,031 1,647 Alpena Community College61239300 1,313 1,613 Bay de Noc Community College126810936 1,316 2,252 Montcalm Community College75269344 1,325 1,669 North Central Michigan College304422726 1,653 2,379 Monroe County Community College104350454 2,052 2,506 Southwestern Michigan College26567 2,241 2,308 Muskegon Community College-758758 2,342 3,100 Mid Michigan Community College262677939 2,370 3,309 Lake Michigan College121361482 3,067 3,549 St Clair County Community College236437673 3,206 3,879 Northwestern Michigan College282827 1,109 3,289 4,398 Kellogg Community College451662 1,113 3,911 5,024 Jackson Community College696 1,054 1,750 4,055 5,805 Schoolcraft College 2,372 1,739 4,111 5,691 9,802 Delta College320 2,520 2,840 6,069 8,909 Mott Community College240473713 7,550 8,263 Washtenaw Community College463 1,126 1,589 9,122 10,711 Kalamazoo Valley Community College241884 1,125 9,193 10,318 Wayne County Community College District 1,512 1,986 3,498 11,189 14,687 Macomb Community College 1,007 1,558 2,565 11,491 14,056 Henry Ford Community College 1,031 1,776 2,807 13,183 15,990 Grand Rapids Community College860 2,604 3,464 13,215 16,679 Oakland Community College427 1,048 1,475 14,279 15,754 Lansing Community College 1,391 330 1,721 17,013 18,734 Listing of Michigan public 2-year institutions and percentage of Fall 2012 online education enrollment, from IPEDS MI Institutions% exclusive online courses% some but not all online courses% at least one online course% no online coursesTotal Enrollment TOTALS7%13%20%80% 190,976 Keweenaw Bay Ojibwa Community College0%0%0%100%81 Saginaw Chippewa Tribal College0%0%0%100%105 Bay Mills Community College30%21%51%49%532 Glen Oaks Community College5%28%33%67%810 Gogebic Community College6%27%34%66%960 West Shore Community College9%20%29%71% 1,147 Kirtland Community College15%22%37%63% 1,647 Alpena Community College4%15%19%81% 1,613 Bay de Noc Community College6%36%42%58% 2,252 Montcalm Community College4%16%21%79% 1,669 North Central Michigan College13%18%31%69% 2,379 Monroe County Community College4%14%18%82% 2,506 Southwestern Michigan College0%3%3%97% 2,308 Muskegon Community College0%24%24%76% 3,100 Mid Michigan Community College8%20%28%72% 3,309 Lake Michigan College3%10%14%86% 3,549 St Clair County Community College6%11%17%83% 3,879 Northwestern Michigan College6%19%25%75% 4,398 Kellogg Community College9%13%22%78% 5,024 Jackson Community College12%18%30%70% 5,805 Schoolcraft College24%18%42%58% 9,802 Delta College4%28%32%68% 8,909 Mott Community College3%6%9%91% 8,263 Washtenaw Community College4%11%15%85% 10,711 Kalamazoo Valley Community College2%9%11%89% 10,318 Wayne County Community College District10%14%24%76% 14,687 Macomb Community College7%11%18%82% 14,056 Henry Ford Community College6%11%18%82% 15,990 Grand Rapids Community College5%16%21%79% 16,679 Oakland Community College3%7%9%91% 15,754 Lansing Community College7%2%9%91% 18,734

Here is the data table on GDrive for sharing / downloading.

As before, feedback is welcome including if the data is accurate.

The post Online Education in US Public 2-year Institutions, focus on Michigan appeared first on e-Literate.

New look at LMS data for US small colleges

Tue, 2014-02-11 09:33

Last fall I mentioned two new non-survey data sources available to track LMS adoption within higher ed. While surveys for subjective, attitudinal information still make sense, surveys of hard data are losing their value over time. Analyses of automatically collected system data place less of a burden on the organizations providing the information, and these analyses also allow a more agile approach to refining the data collection and viewing from different angles. Today Edutechnica released a new report on LMS adoption that demonstrates these benefits.

When we provided our initial analysis of LMS usage in fall of 2013, one point of feedback that we heard loud and clear is that because our data only included institutions with greater than 2000 enrollments, we excluded a fair number of community colleges, career colleges, and liberal arts colleges. To the credit of those who provided this feedback, they were absolutely correct. Three-quarters of all recognized higher education institutions in the United States have fewer than 2500 FTE – a critical demographic as the majority of universities in the US are of this size or smaller. To more fairly represent LMS usage we needed to include data on smaller schools.

We are now excited to be able to provide analysis of a data set for institutions with greater than 1000 students.

The team presents the raw data for schools above 1,000 FTE, calling out some of the differences from their earlier report. But one key view they provided is looking at institutional LMS adoption per school enrollment size.

Seeing Moodle’s increased usage prompted us to investigate Moodle further. An interesting thing happens below 2500 FTE; Moodle actually exceeds Blackboard’s market  share.  Only after this point do the demographic segments diverge.


source: Edutechnica

While this data confirms a commonly-held assumption about Moodle’s popularity at small schools, it is quite valuable to have data available on a per-enrollment basis. Kudos to George Kroner and team for further developing their data set in response to reader feedback.

There’s more information at the post that’s worth exploring.

The post New look at LMS data for US small colleges appeared first on e-Literate.

Open Data: A case study using IPEDS for online education

Sat, 2014-02-08 14:23

At e-Literate we’re planning to do more data journalism posts. Think of this along the lines of Harper Reed’s keynote last year as described in the Chronicle.

Harper Reed, who served as chief technology officer in President Obama’s 2012 campaign, offered those people what he jokingly called “an intervention.”

“Big Data is bullshit,” Mr. Reed said in a keynote speech on Tuesday.

His point is not that there is no value in the large amounts of data available to the community, but that data analysis is getting democratized and doesn’t require huge investments.

“The exciting thing is you can get a lot of this stuff done just in Excel,” he said. “You don’t need these big platforms. You don’t need all this big fancy stuff. If anyone says ‘big’ in front of it, you should look at them very skeptically … You can tell charlatans when they say ‘big’ in front of everything.”

I would add one other aspect along with the democratization of data analysis – open data. Inspired by Audrey Watters and even her recent tweet, we are looking for ways to not only explore the open data available to the education community but also to share the data we use in our analyses.

.@PhilOnEdTech continues his important analysis of IPEDS vs Babson survey data (this is why "open data" matters)

— Audrey Watters (@audreywatters) January 24, 2014

I’m currently working on a blog post on the new University of Florida Online (UF Online) program that starts this spring. In preparation for this post I wanted to explore the current state of exclusively online education (where students take all their courses online) for public 4-year institutions based on the new data from IPEDS. This data gives an opportunity to look at one example of exploring and sharing open data.

Basic Institutional Data for Public 4-year Institutions from IPEDS

The first task is to narrow down the IPEDS distance education data (which is roughly equivalent to online courses, which just a few exceptions) to just the public 4-year institutions in the US. What I did was the following:

  • Go to the IPEDS Data Center and selected the ‘Compare Individual Institutions’ option.
  • Once there I used ‘Provisional Release Data’ and filtered the institutions By Groups.
    • For the groups, I selected ‘First Look Universe’ and ‘US Only’; and
    • Under ‘Sector’ I selected ‘Public, 4-year or above’.
  • This led to 690 institutions.
  • For the variables to download, I selected ‘Fall Enrollment’ > ‘Distance education’ and then selected ‘Fall 2012′ and ‘Degree/certificate-seeking total’.
  • Under this option I selected the following variables:


I then downloaded a CSV file and cleaned up the data by replacing blanks with zeros.

The next challenge is to display on WordPress allowing user access to the data. For this I chose two methods:

  • Upload to Google GDrive for direct sharing or download of the spreadsheet data; and
  • Use TablePress plugin to display tables in an interactive format.

The TablePress plugin required the DataTables Sorting plugin Extension to allow it to handle a , thousands separator. Here is the result of the institutional data analysis:

Listing of US public 4-year institutions and summary of Fall 2012 online education enrollment, from IPEDS InstitutionStateExclusively Online StudentsStudents w some but not all onlineStudents w no onlineAll Students TOTALS 323,687 1,069,072 4,924,789 6,317,548 University of Alaska AnchorageAK 1,026 2,956 9,218 13,200 University of Alaska FairbanksAK823 1,202 3,731 5,756 University of Alaska SoutheastAK575314647 1,536 Troy UniversityAL 2,498 9,553 5,714 17,765 The University of AlabamaAL 1,213 4,138 22,013 27,364 Athens State UniversityAL 1,152 2,001 97 3,250 Jacksonville State UniversityAL977 6,677 - 7,654 University of Alabama at BirminghamAL748 3,505 6,761 11,014 University of North AlabamaAL339 1,631 3,753 5,723 University of South AlabamaAL284 2,451 8,319 11,054 University of West AlabamaAL22123 1,845 2,089 Auburn University at MontgomeryAL151841 3,127 4,119 University of Alabama in HuntsvilleAL42132 5,529 5,703 Auburn UniversityAL29 1,117 19,029 20,175 Alabama A & M UniversityAL-221 3,860 4,081 Alabama State UniversityAL- 1,620 3,503 5,123 University of MontevalloAL-88 2,500 2,588 University of Arkansas at Little RockAR 1,442 2,701 4,711 8,854 Arkansas Tech UniversityAR 1,223 2,322 5,098 8,643 University of Arkansas-Fort SmithAR246 1,315 5,116 6,677 University of Arkansas for Medical SciencesAR221175384780 University of ArkansasAR214 2,507 17,257 19,978 University of Arkansas at MonticelloAR98811 2,277 3,186 Southern Arkansas University Main CampusAR80731 1,789 2,600 University of Central ArkansasAR68935 8,025 9,028 University of Arkansas at Pine BluffAR62670 1,975 2,707 Arkansas State University-Main CampusAR58 3,346 6,092 9,496 Henderson State UniversityAR53 1,070 2,231 3,354 Arizona State UniversityAZ 4,992 27,259 26,932 59,183 Northern Arizona UniversityAZ 4,697 4,677 12,253 21,627 University of ArizonaAZ278 8,846 22,093 31,217 Dine CollegeAZ117 1,176 614 1,907 California State University-East BayCA627 3,621 7,258 11,506 California State University-FullertonCA346 6,941 24,991 32,278 California State University-ChicoCA164 4,159 10,833 15,156 California State University-FresnoCA40 2,602 16,729 19,371 San Diego State University-Imperial Valley CampusCA188583672 California Maritime AcademyCA--971971 California Polytechnic State University-San Luis ObispoCA-- 17,599 17,599 California State Polytechnic University-PomonaCA- 2,995 17,466 20,461 California State University-BakersfieldCA- 2,891 4,329 7,220 California State University-Channel IslandsCA-590 4,136 4,726 California State University-Dominguez HillsCA- 3,434 7,507 10,941 California State University-Long BeachCA-- 30,918 30,918 California State University-Los AngelesCA-635 17,420 18,055 California State University-Monterey BayCA-531 4,577 5,108 California State University-NorthridgeCA- 6,120 25,117 31,237 California State University-SacramentoCA- 4,759 20,781 25,540 California State University-San BernardinoCA- 2,176 13,601 15,777 California State University-San MarcosCA- 1,470 8,415 9,885 California State University-StanislausCA- 1,894 5,725 7,619 Humboldt State UniversityCA- 1,872 5,708 7,580 San Diego State UniversityCA- 4,553 21,193 25,746 San Francisco State UniversityCA- 6,092 19,701 25,793 San Jose State UniversityCA- 2,699 22,347 25,046 Sonoma State UniversityCA-75 8,009 8,084 University of California Hastings College of LawCA---- University of California-BerkeleyCA-137 25,637 25,774 University of California-DavisCA-- 25,588 25,588 University of California-IrvineCA-765 21,445 22,210 University of California-Los AngelesCA-215 27,726 27,941 University of California-MercedCA-- 5,431 5,431 University of California-RiversideCA-56 18,481 18,537 University of California-San DiegoCA-- 22,650 22,650 University of California-San FranciscoCA---- University of California-Santa BarbaraCA-101 18,873 18,974 University of California-Santa CruzCA-14 15,964 15,978 Colorado State University-Global CampusCO 3,686 -- 3,686 Metropolitan State University of DenverCO 1,208 5,103 16,062 22,373 University of Colorado DenverCO485 2,319 7,754 10,558 Colorado Mesa UniversityCO397 1,505 6,603 8,505 Adams State UniversityCO350146 1,886 2,382 Colorado Mountain CollegeCO343580 2,544 3,467 University of Northern ColoradoCO252 1,808 7,874 9,934 University of Colorado BoulderCO164822 24,231 25,217 University of Colorado Colorado SpringsCO135 1,094 6,889 8,118 Colorado State University-Fort CollinsCO121856 21,447 22,424 Colorado State University-PuebloCO2124 4,485 4,611 Western State Colorado UniversityCO177 1,869 1,947 Colorado School of MinesCO-35 4,027 4,062 Fort Lewis CollegeCO-- 3,719 3,719 United States Air Force AcademyCO-- 4,120 4,120 Charter Oak State CollegeCT 1,465 75 1,477 University of ConnecticutCT38 1,328 15,804 17,170 Southern Connecticut State UniversityCT35804 7,686 8,525 Eastern Connecticut State UniversityCT30488 4,472 4,990 University of Connecticut-Tri-CampusCT30188 2,275 2,493 University of Connecticut-Avery PointCT2048666734 Western Connecticut State UniversityCT16410 4,852 5,278 University of Connecticut-StamfordCT8106 1,114 1,228 Central Connecticut State UniversityCT5192 9,433 9,630 United States Coast Guard AcademyCT--967967 University of the District of ColumbiaDC-132 4,581 4,713 University of the District of Columbia David A Clarke School of LawDC---- University of DelawareDE171950 16,363 17,484 Delaware State UniversityDE3160 3,473 3,636 St Petersburg CollegeFL 8,243 6,801 12,530 27,574 Florida State College at JacksonvilleFL 4,105 6,231 16,298 26,634 University of Central FloridaFL 3,901 15,030 31,690 50,621 Valencia CollegeFL 3,111 8,837 23,780 35,728 Miami Dade CollegeFL 2,806 5,663 53,581 62,050 Florida International UniversityFL 2,473 15,890 17,881 36,244 Daytona State CollegeFL 2,188 3,627 7,575 13,390 Broward CollegeFL 2,094 5,821 29,707 37,622 University of South Florida-Main CampusFL 2,011 11,175 17,282 30,468 Palm Beach State CollegeFL 1,766 3,775 20,979 26,520 Seminole State College of FloridaFL 1,650 3,897 12,263 17,810 Santa Fe CollegeFL 1,589 2,933 9,571 14,093 Indian River State CollegeFL 1,429 3,379 9,530 14,338 The University of West FloridaFL 1,295 2,919 5,735 9,949 Edison State CollegeFL 1,121 2,538 9,474 13,133 State College of Florida-Manatee-SarasotaFL 1,067 2,553 6,099 9,719 University of FloridaFL 1,005 15,597 15,421 32,023 Polk State CollegeFL911 2,260 6,242 9,413 Florida Atlantic UniversityFL750 3,048 20,258 24,056 Pensacola State CollegeFL748 1,977 6,777 9,502 College of Central FloridaFL644 2,669 4,106 7,419 Saint Johns River State CollegeFL621 1,234 3,392 5,247 Florida State UniversityFL435 5,293 25,924 31,652 Northwest Florida State CollegeFL434 1,629 3,749 5,812 University of South Florida Sarasota-ManateeFL426752535 1,713 Gulf Coast State CollegeFL424852 2,135 3,411 Florida Gulf Coast UniversityFL395 4,366 7,325 12,086 Florida Gateway CollegeFL319713 1,122 2,154 University of South Florida-St. Petersburg CampusFL253 1,976 1,777 4,006 University of North FloridaFL225 2,796 11,103 14,124 Lake-Sumter Community CollegeFL156626 2,925 3,707 South Florida State CollegeFL84398 1,591 2,073 Chipola CollegeFL67397 1,268 1,732 Florida Agricultural and Mechanical UniversityFL-56 9,885 9,941 New College of FloridaFL--832832 Kennesaw State UniversityGA680 3,690 18,018 22,388 Georgia Southwestern State UniversityGA611794 1,289 2,694 Georgia Southern UniversityGA586 3,061 13,492 17,139 University of West GeorgiaGA530 3,471 5,785 9,786 Clayton State UniversityGA487 2,429 3,592 6,508 Columbus State UniversityGA435 4,958 1,522 6,915 Macon State CollegeGA347 1,509 3,682 5,538 Middle Georgia CollegeGA335990 1,573 2,898 Southern Polytechnic State UniversityGA318 1,083 3,923 5,324 Valdosta State UniversityGA265 1,238 8,700 10,203 Albany State UniversityGA253947 2,555 3,755 Atlanta Metropolitan State CollegeGA234800 1,770 2,804 Armstrong Atlantic State UniversityGA208 1,188 5,154 6,550 Fort Valley State UniversityGA148343 2,741 3,232 Georgia State UniversityGA131 2,670 21,156 23,957 East Georgia State CollegeGA130711 2,063 2,904 Gainesville State CollegeGA118692 7,515 8,325 Dalton State CollegeGA80920 3,934 4,934 Georgia Health Sciences UniversityGA7965268412 Gordon State CollegeGA43390 3,648 4,081 College of Coastal GeorgiaGA30397 2,568 2,995 University of GeorgiaGA27172 25,861 26,060 South Georgia CollegeGA13418 1,738 2,169 Augusta State UniversityGA11605 5,004 5,620 Abraham Baldwin Agricultural CollegeGA-267 2,751 3,018 Georgia College & State UniversityGA-343 5,144 5,487 Georgia Gwinnett CollegeGA-- 9,045 9,045 Georgia Institute of Technology-Main CampusGA-- 13,954 13,954 North Georgia College & State UniversityGA- 1,026 4,802 5,828 Savannah State UniversityGA-491 3,762 4,253 University of Hawaii-West OahuHI480710760 1,950 University of Hawaii Maui CollegeHI247864 2,751 3,862 University of Hawaii at ManoaHI234 1,275 12,770 14,279 University of Hawaii at HiloHI141628 2,635 3,404 University of IowaIA512 2,743 18,065 21,320 Iowa State UniversityIA126 2,505 22,427 25,058 University of Northern IowaIA52 1,670 8,791 10,513 Boise State UniversityID859 3,527 12,523 16,909 Idaho State UniversityID623 3,894 5,469 9,986 Lewis-Clark State CollegeID467 1,382 1,489 3,338 University of IdahoID262 2,039 6,484 8,785 University of Illinois at SpringfieldIL828880 1,268 2,976 Western Illinois UniversityIL470 1,281 8,512 10,263 Eastern Illinois UniversityIL422798 7,641 8,861 Governors State UniversityIL344 1,005 1,782 3,131 University of Illinois at ChicagoIL197 3,551 12,845 16,593 Chicago State UniversityIL191997 3,405 4,593 Northern Illinois UniversityIL119 1,309 15,094 16,522 Southern Illinois University EdwardsvilleIL82440 10,768 11,290 Illinois State UniversityIL72 1,427 16,680 18,179 Northeastern Illinois UniversityIL64610 8,357 9,031 University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignIL52 6,620 24,588 31,260 Southern Illinois University CarbondaleIL- 1,305 12,772 14,077 Indiana University-Purdue University-IndianapolisIN 1,353 6,474 13,552 21,379 Purdue University-Calumet CampusIN 1,349 1,679 4,989 8,017 Vincennes UniversityIN 1,002 1,203 5,993 8,198 Indiana State UniversityIN927 1,656 7,233 9,816 Indiana University-EastIN834 1,028 1,124 2,986 University of Southern IndianaIN653 2,130 6,539 9,322 Indiana University-Purdue University-Fort WayneIN607 2,759 7,235 10,601 Ball State UniversityIN375 3,437 12,732 16,544 Purdue University-Main CampusIN304 3,404 27,347 31,055 Purdue University-North Central CampusIN123 1,065 2,304 3,492 Indiana University-NorthwestIN110903 3,804 4,817 Indiana University-KokomoIN94771 1,789 2,654 Indiana University-South BendIN92 1,274 4,579 5,945 Indiana University-SoutheastIN81440 5,225 5,746 Indiana University-BloomingtonIN33 1,347 30,547 31,927 Fort Hays State UniversityKS 6,942 1,094 3,039 11,075 Kansas State UniversityKS 2,000 1 17,375 19,376 Washburn UniversityKS478 1,380 3,768 5,626 Wichita State UniversityKS231 8,336 2,576 11,143 Emporia State UniversityKS229315 3,110 3,654 University of KansasKS142 1,072 17,598 18,812 Pittsburg State UniversityKS52706 5,221 5,979 Haskell Indian Nations UniversityKS--839839 Eastern Kentucky UniversityKY 1,371 3,578 8,490 13,439 Western Kentucky UniversityKY 1,245 4,171 10,935 16,351 Morehead State UniversityKY 1,001 2,524 3,627 7,152 Northern Kentucky UniversityKY841 3,154 8,230 12,225 University of LouisvilleKY688 1,548 12,618 14,854 Murray State UniversityKY516 1,136 6,197 7,849 Kentucky State UniversityKY111660 1,313 2,084 University of KentuckyKY76 2,451 17,909 20,436 Northwestern State University of LouisianaLA 1,999 2,609 2,975 7,583 University of Louisiana-MonroeLA597 2,082 3,250 5,929 Southern University and A & M CollegeLA544136 4,491 5,171 McNeese State UniversityLA307 2,127 4,632 7,066 Southeastern Louisiana UniversityLA274 3,585 8,429 12,288 University of Louisiana at LafayetteLA214 1,688 12,488 14,390 Southern University at New OrleansLA155855 1,114 2,124 University of New OrleansLA151 1,861 5,352 7,364 Nicholls State UniversityLA126 1,927 3,732 5,785 Louisiana Tech UniversityLA106215 6,669 6,990 Louisiana State University-AlexandriaLA86652 1,302 2,040 Louisiana State University-ShreveportLA71803 2,075 2,949 Louisiana State University and Agricultural & Mechanical CollegeLA14 1,204 22,654 23,872 Grambling State UniversityLA-620 3,729 4,349 Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-New OrleansLA--902902 Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-ShreveportLA--5050 Southern University Law CenterLA---- University of Massachusetts-LowellMA 1,725 999 8,746 11,470 University of Massachusetts-BostonMA755915 9,787 11,457 University of Massachusetts AmherstMA727 2,972 17,749 21,448 University of Massachusetts-DartmouthMA210169 6,947 7,326 Westfield State UniversityMA198 1,302 3,691 5,191 Fitchburg State UniversityMA115636 3,314 4,065 Salem State UniversityMA114 1,361 5,668 7,143 Worcester State UniversityMA83934 3,791 4,808 Framingham State UniversityMA82268 3,797 4,147 Bridgewater State UniversityMA67 1,616 7,868 9,551 Massachusetts College of Liberal ArtsMA27124 1,402 1,553 Massachusetts College of Art and DesignMA-17 1,807 1,824 Massachusetts Maritime AcademyMA-- 1,303 1,303 University of Massachusetts Medical School WorcesterMA---- University of Maryland-University CollegeMD 22,611 4,850 1 27,462 University of BaltimoreMD143960 2,296 3,399 Frostburg State UniversityMD112369 4,041 4,522 Towson UniversityMD70 1,607 16,008 17,685 University of Maryland-BaltimoreMD69217436722 University of Maryland Eastern ShoreMD29766 2,886 3,681 Coppin State UniversityMD24872 2,159 3,055 Bowie State UniversityMD18 1,261 2,968 4,247 Morgan State UniversityMD1029 6,528 6,567 University of Maryland-Baltimore CountyMD5376 10,457 10,838 Salisbury UniversityMD4533 7,177 7,714 University of Maryland-College ParkMD3570 25,258 25,831 St Mary's College of MarylandMD-- 1,863 1,863 United States Naval AcademyMD-- 4,536 4,536 University of Maine at AugustaME 1,457 1,407 1,659 4,523 University of Southern MaineME267 1,531 4,684 6,482 University of Maine at Fort KentME175304356835 University of Maine at Presque IsleME121534367 1,022 University of Maine at MachiasME102268257627 University of MaineME95 1,768 6,365 8,228 University of Maine at FarmingtonME323 1,946 1,972 Maine Maritime AcademyME--968968 Central Michigan UniversityMI 1,712 1,230 17,906 20,848 Ferris State UniversityMI974 1,871 9,855 12,700 University of Michigan-FlintMI826 2,528 3,323 6,677 Eastern Michigan UniversityMI686 3,118 14,579 18,383 Oakland UniversityMI539 2,275 12,913 15,727 Western Michigan UniversityMI474 2,562 16,008 19,044 Wayne State UniversityMI279 3,203 15,049 18,531 Michigan State UniversityMI178 5,642 31,156 36,976 Northern Michigan UniversityMI122 1,042 7,035 8,199 University of Michigan-DearbornMI52768 6,163 6,983 Lake Superior State UniversityMI2589 2,310 2,424 Grand Valley State UniversityMI20405 20,802 21,227 Saginaw Valley State UniversityMI18344 8,463 8,825 University of Michigan-Ann ArborMI16117 27,664 27,797 Michigan Technological UniversityMI12115 5,405 5,532 Metropolitan State UniversityMN881 1,811 4,589 7,281 University of Minnesota-CrookstonMN696238868 1,802 Bemidji State UniversityMN636703 3,038 4,377 Saint Cloud State UniversityMN423 2,789 9,064 12,276 Minnesota State University-MankatoMN419 2,371 9,756 12,546 Minnesota State University MoorheadMN329 2,191 3,550 6,070 Southwest Minnesota State UniversityMN254407 1,855 2,516 University of Minnesota-Twin CitiesMN164 7,327 22,884 30,375 Winona State UniversityMN65859 7,291 8,215 University of Minnesota-DuluthMN58 1,145 8,249 9,452 University of Minnesota-MorrisMN38 1,777 1,788 University of Minnesota-RochesterMN-22363385 Missouri Southern State UniversityMO709 1,349 2,918 4,976 University of Missouri-St LouisMO522 3,106 5,353 8,981 University of Missouri-Kansas CityMO480 1,746 6,221 8,447 Southeast Missouri State UniversityMO446 2,591 6,462 9,499 University of Missouri-ColumbiaMO442 5,862 20,285 26,589 University of Central MissouriMO378 2,818 5,849 9,045 Missouri State University-SpringfieldMO239 2,547 12,557 15,343 Missouri Western State UniversityMO185 1,442 3,528 5,155 Northwest Missouri State UniversityMO158777 4,713 5,648 Lincoln UniversityMO77422 1,895 2,394 Missouri University of Science and TechnologyMO31 1,071 4,650 5,752 Harris-Stowe State UniversityMO28395 1,031 1,454 Truman Medical Center School of Nurse AnesthesiaMO---- Truman State UniversityMO-407 5,045 5,452 Mississippi State UniversityMS770 1,156 14,464 16,390 Mississippi University for WomenMS752779788 2,319 University of Southern MississippiMS489 2,791 9,851 13,131 University of Mississippi Medical CenterMS264-357621 Jackson State UniversityMS249 1,839 4,587 6,675 Delta State UniversityMS21039 2,430 2,679 Alcorn State UniversityMS123 1,182 1,903 3,208 University of MississippiMS111 1,082 14,598 15,791 Mississippi Valley State UniversityMS-10 2,006 2,016 Montana State University BillingsMT728 1,266 2,360 4,354 The University of MontanaMT321 1,937 9,879 12,137 Montana State University-NorthernMT149423620 1,192 Montana State UniversityMT89 1,172 11,272 12,533 The University of Montana-WesternMT21- 1,446 1,467 Montana Tech of the University of MontanaMT19206 1,610 1,835 East Carolina UniversityNC 1,766 3,949 14,731 20,446 Western Carolina UniversityNC856607 6,333 7,796 Fayetteville State UniversityNC690 1,038 3,284 5,012 University of North Carolina at GreensboroNC675 3,275 10,644 14,594 University of North Carolina at PembrokeNC488 1,399 3,423 5,310 North Carolina State University at RaleighNC438 7,151 15,702 23,291 University of North Carolina at CharlotteNC394 2,278 18,413 21,085 Winston-Salem State UniversityNC334 1,327 3,522 5,183 University of North Carolina WilmingtonNC315 2,001 9,744 12,060 North Carolina Central UniversityNC309 1,459 4,508 6,276 North Carolina A & T State UniversityNC233 1,394 6,999 8,626 Elizabeth City State UniversityNC95996 1,601 2,692 University of North Carolina at Chapel HillNC85700 17,133 17,918 Appalachian State UniversityNC71700 14,756 15,527 University of North Carolina at AshevilleNC-- 3,259 3,259 University of North Carolina School of the ArtsNC--752752 University of North DakotaND 1,223 1,357 8,892 11,472 Bismarck State CollegeND 1,087 710 1,478 3,275 Minot State UniversityND532490 1,755 2,777 Dickinson State UniversityND423196930 1,549 North Dakota State University-Main CampusND334 2,834 8,516 11,684 Valley City State UniversityND209488260957 Mayville State UniversityND162102511775 Fort Berthold Community CollegeND159134194 Sitting Bull CollegeND-56213269 Chadron State CollegeNE599894619 2,112 Peru State CollegeNE555488467 1,510 University of Nebraska at OmahaNE458 2,960 8,453 11,871 University of Nebraska at KearneyNE172 1,037 4,175 5,384 University of Nebraska Medical CenterNE108291423822 University of Nebraska-LincolnNE85 3,845 15,173 19,103 Wayne State CollegeNE32499 2,436 2,967 Granite State CollegeNH938238468 1,644 Plymouth State UniversityNH75711 3,341 4,127 University of New Hampshire-Main CampusNH6164 12,395 12,565 Keene State CollegeNH-234 4,546 4,780 University of New Hampshire at ManchesterNH--776776 Thomas Edison State CollegeNJ 19,256 -150 19,406 University of Medicine and Dentistry of New JerseyNJ20249723974 New Jersey City UniversityNJ124 2,673 3,753 6,550 William Paterson University of New JerseyNJ108 1,972 7,893 9,973 Rowan UniversityNJ97355 10,081 10,533 Rutgers University-New BrunswickNJ87 3,149 27,990 31,226 The Richard Stockton College of New JerseyNJ86 2,229 5,021 7,336 Ramapo College of New JerseyNJ65331 4,994 5,390 Rutgers University-CamdenNJ57638 3,961 4,656 Kean UniversityNJ47 1,124 11,372 12,543 Rutgers University-NewarkNJ47428 6,766 7,241 New Jersey Institute of TechnologyNJ34948 5,172 6,154 Montclair State UniversityNJ- 1,629 12,593 14,222 The College of New JerseyNJ-- 6,381 6,381 New Mexico State University-Main CampusNM 1,188 4,113 8,098 13,399 Eastern New Mexico University-Main CampusNM 1,138 1,113 1,667 3,918 University of New Mexico-Main CampusNM 1,061 4,535 15,415 21,011 Western New Mexico UniversityNM346438 1,357 2,141 New Mexico Highlands UniversityNM142353 1,794 2,289 Northern New Mexico CollegeNM75368924 1,367 Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native CultureNM668167241 Navajo Technical CollegeNM-330 1,253 1,583 New Mexico Institute of Mining and TechnologyNM-5 1,420 1,425 College of Southern NevadaNV 4,584 7,283 18,920 30,787 University of Nevada-Las VegasNV 1,026 6,284 14,725 22,035 Great Basin CollegeNV950788743 2,481 Nevada State CollegeNV640 1,326 994 2,960 Western Nevada CollegeNV396766 2,401 3,563 University of Nevada-RenoNV201 2,005 12,469 14,675 SUNY Empire State CollegeNY 4,656 1,245 4,134 10,035 CUNY John Jay College of Criminal JusticeNY 1,213 446 11,175 12,834 CUNY Graduate School and University CenterNY950-127 1,077 SUNY College of Technology at CantonNY764 1,349 1,515 3,628 SUNY College of Technology at DelhiNY578424 2,114 3,116 CUNY Brooklyn CollegeNY434 2,612 9,079 12,125 CUNY New York City College of TechnologyNY369 2,100 12,834 15,303 SUNY College of Technology at AlfredNY298329 2,834 3,461 CUNY Medgar Evers CollegeNY283535 5,401 6,219 CUNY College of Staten IslandNY260834 11,883 12,977 CUNY Bernard M Baruch CollegeNY255 1,434 11,895 13,584 CUNY Queens CollegeNY167957 14,133 15,257 Stony Brook UniversityNY157- 15,461 15,618 SUNY College at PlattsburghNY150 1,091 4,382 5,623 CUNY York CollegeNY144 1,077 6,377 7,598 SUNY College at OswegoNY130611 6,373 7,114 CUNY City CollegeNY126380 11,666 12,172 CUNY Hunter CollegeNY114193 15,482 15,789 Fashion Institute of TechnologyNY110 1,394 6,508 8,012 Farmingdale State CollegeNY101 1,050 6,106 7,257 SUNY Institute of Technology at Utica-RomeNY89417 1,049 1,555 SUNY at BinghamtonNY24362 11,910 12,296 SUNY College at BrockportNY21 6,199 825 7,045 SUNY at AlbanyNY15212 12,408 12,635 Morrisville State CollegeNY8519 2,377 2,904 SUNY College at PotsdamNY8734 3,108 3,850 SUNY College at CortlandNY5213 6,110 6,328 State University of New York at New PaltzNY478 6,357 6,439 SUNY College at Old WestburyNY2167 3,908 4,077 SUNY Maritime CollegeNY2285 1,291 1,578 Upstate Medical UniversityNY2176117295 Buffalo State SUNYNY-- 9,561 9,561 CUNY Lehman CollegeNY- 2,759 6,094 8,853 CUNY School of Law at Queens CollegeNY---- SUNY at FredoniaNY-460 4,711 5,171 SUNY at Purchase CollegeNY-- 3,900 3,900 SUNY College at GeneseoNY-- 5,339 5,339 SUNY College at OneontaNY-- 5,804 5,804 SUNY College of Agriculture and Technology at CobleskillNY-93 2,356 2,449 SUNY College of Environmental Science and ForestryNY-56 1,641 1,697 SUNY College of OptometryNY---- SUNY Downstate Medical CenterNY--335335 United States Merchant Marine AcademyNY--987987 United States Military AcademyNY-- 4,592 4,592 University at BuffaloNY-669 18,425 19,094 Ohio University-Main CampusOH 5,952 2,040 14,581 22,573 University of Cincinnati-Main CampusOH 1,716 4,061 16,921 22,698 Kent State University at KentOH 1,554 6,059 13,975 21,588 Kent State University at TrumbullOH 1,002 426 1,571 2,999 University of ToledoOH998 4,510 10,626 16,134 Kent State University at GeaugaOH991325 1,035 2,351 Kent State University at AshtabulaOH563397 1,432 2,392 Kent State University at East LiverpoolOH548198589 1,335 Ohio University-Southern CampusOH474162 1,320 1,956 Ohio University-Eastern CampusOH44682468996 Ohio University-Zanesville CampusOH429228 1,224 1,881 Kent State University at TuscarawasOH405418 1,461 2,284 Kent State University at StarkOH398686 3,552 4,636 Ohio University-Lancaster CampusOH367310 1,629 2,306 Bowling Green State University-Main CampusOH314 1,030 13,170 14,514 Cleveland State UniversityOH277 2,656 8,229 11,162 Ohio University-Chillicothe CampusOH267185 1,736 2,188 Kent State University at SalemOH264193 1,242 1,699 Ohio State University-Main CampusOH255 5,946 35,676 41,877 University of Cincinnati-Clermont CollegeOH252770 2,159 3,181 Youngstown State UniversityOH208 1,030 10,971 12,209 University of Akron Main CampusOH115943 19,666 20,724 University of Cincinnati-Blue Ash CollegeOH113 1,037 3,515 4,665 Miami University-HamiltonOH104385 2,937 3,426 Miami University-MiddletownOH61278 1,439 1,778 Shawnee State UniversityOH46489 3,876 4,411 Miami University-OxfordOH28281 14,675 14,984 Ohio State University-Mansfield CampusOH998 1,048 1,155 Ohio State University-Marion CampusOH3359831 1,193 Ohio State University-Newark CampusOH3189 2,038 2,230 Central State UniversityOH-328 1,778 2,106 Northeast Ohio Medical UniversityOH---- Ohio State University-Lima CampusOH-103918 1,021 Wright State University-Lake CampusOH-448390838 Wright State University-Main CampusOH- 1,615 10,987 12,602 Oklahoma State University-Oklahoma CityOK 1,479 2,133 3,007 6,619 University of Oklahoma Norman CampusOK 1,234 3,736 15,731 20,701 Rogers State UniversityOK788 1,765 1,718 4,271 Southeastern Oklahoma State UniversityOK582 1,579 1,426 3,587 Northeastern State UniversityOK496 2,033 4,815 7,344 University of Central OklahomaOK428 2,751 11,997 15,176 Cameron UniversityOK335 1,883 3,050 5,268 Oklahoma State University-Main CampusOK306 4,245 15,552 20,103 Southwestern Oklahoma State UniversityOK285795 3,044 4,124 Northwestern Oklahoma State UniversityOK200900886 1,986 East Central UniversityOK186990 2,625 3,801 Oklahoma State University Institute of Technology-OkmulgeeOK166577 2,174 2,917 Oklahoma Panhandle State UniversityOK154391742 1,287 University of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOK29691151871 Langston UniversityOK6199 1,786 1,991 Oklahoma State University Center for Health SciencesOK---- University of Science and Arts of OklahomaOK--963963 Oregon State UniversityOR 2,152 2,971 15,973 21,096 Eastern Oregon UniversityOR 1,299 945 1,352 3,596 Portland State UniversityOR913 2,459 16,779 20,151 Oregon Institute of TechnologyOR385488 2,453 3,326 Southern Oregon UniversityOR316647 3,676 4,639 Oregon Health & Science UniversityOR204-621825 Western Oregon UniversityOR119653 4,548 5,320 University of OregonOR80 1,787 18,597 20,464 Oregon State University-Cascades CampusOR--637637 Pennsylvania State University-World CampusPA 4,266 -- 4,266 California University of PennsylvaniaPA645 2,066 3,935 6,646 Clarion University of PennsylvaniaPA502901 3,934 5,337 Pennsylvania College of TechnologyPA235431 4,933 5,599 Slippery Rock University of PennsylvaniaPA226422 7,124 7,772 Mansfield University of PennsylvaniaPA118722 1,903 2,743 Temple UniversityPA112 25,664 1,300 27,076 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State AbingtonPA111441 2,526 3,078 Indiana University of Pennsylvania-Main CampusPA89 1,660 11,278 13,027 Lock Haven UniversityPA77991 3,809 4,877 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State HarrisburgPA64523 2,668 3,255 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State SchuylkillPA51338418807 Kutztown University of PennsylvaniaPA49373 8,494 8,916 Pennsylvania State University-Main CampusPA41 12,650 25,856 38,547 University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh CampusPA41883 17,181 18,105 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State AltoonaPA27149 3,612 3,788 Millersville University of PennsylvaniaPA19906 6,400 7,325 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Wilkes-BarrePA16198347561 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Erie-Behrend CollegePA14668 3,177 3,859 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Lehigh ValleyPA14299474787 Edinboro University of PennsylvaniaPA12261 5,719 5,992 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Mont AltoPA11332665 1,008 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State New KensingtonPA10140500650 East Stroudsburg University of PennsylvaniaPA8354 5,927 6,289 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Fayette- Eberly CampusPA7309502818 University of Pittsburgh-BradfordPA7302 1,183 1,492 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Worthington ScrantonPA5198927 1,130 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State DuboisPA4235341580 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State YorkPA4111861976 West Chester University of PennsylvaniaPA477 12,972 13,053 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State BerksPA3389 2,185 2,577 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Greater AlleghenyPA2115479596 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State BeaverPA156599656 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State BrandywinePA1176 1,226 1,403 Shippensburg University of PennsylvaniaPA1- 6,653 6,654 Bloomsburg University of PennsylvaniaPA-143 8,901 9,044 Cheyney University of PennsylvaniaPA-- 1,210 1,210 Lincoln University of PennsylvaniaPA-- 1,669 1,669 Pennsylvania State University-College of MedicinePA---- Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Great ValleyPA---- Pennsylvania State University-Penn State HazletonPA-63974 1,037 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State ShenangoPA-19465484 The Dickinson School of Law of the Pennsylvania State UniversityPA---- University of Pittsburgh-GreensburgPA-- 1,722 1,722 University of Pittsburgh-JohnstownPA-- 2,930 2,930 University of Rhode IslandRI113 6,347 6,667 13,127 Rhode Island CollegeRI299 7,160 7,261 Coastal Carolina UniversitySC62 1,544 6,860 8,466 Lander UniversitySC51498 2,355 2,904 Clemson UniversitySC27 2,634 13,764 16,425 Francis Marion UniversitySC152 3,439 3,456 Citadel Military College of South CarolinaSC1455 2,486 2,555 Winthrop UniversitySC4673 4,070 4,747 College of CharlestonSC172 10,133 10,206 Medical University of South CarolinaSC-50154204 South Carolina State UniversitySC-378 2,852 3,230 University of South Carolina-AikenSC-322 2,555 2,877 University of South Carolina-BeaufortSC-13 1,726 1,739 University of South Carolina-ColumbiaSC- 3,006 20,022 23,028 University of South Carolina-UpstateSC- 1,698 3,382 5,080 University of South DakotaSD 1,775 871 3,770 6,416 South Dakota State UniversitySD438 2,316 7,289 10,043 Dakota State UniversitySD351471906 1,728 Black Hills State UniversitySD177533 2,471 3,181 Northern State UniversitySD123334 1,312 1,769 Oglala Lakota CollegeSD1394 1,421 1,528 South Dakota School of Mines and TechnologySD4120 1,815 1,939 Austin Peay State UniversityTN 1,411 3,258 4,806 9,475 University of MemphisTN 1,258 3,288 12,202 16,748 East Tennessee State UniversityTN616 3,459 7,753 11,828 The University of Tennessee-MartinTN357328 6,012 6,697 Tennessee Technological UniversityTN256 5,550 3,823 9,629 Middle Tennessee State UniversityTN- 9,862 12,259 22,121 Tennessee State UniversityTN-6 6,596 6,602 The University of TennesseeTN-- 20,699 20,699 The University of Tennessee at ChattanoogaTN- 1,546 8,470 10,016 The University of Texas at ArlingtonTX 4,063 3,314 18,110 25,487 South Texas CollegeTX 2,519 2,605 13,566 18,690 Texas Woman's UniversityTX 1,281 2,494 4,761 8,536 Lamar UniversityTX 1,159 2,257 6,040 9,456 University of Houston-DowntownTX 1,135 3,362 9,052 13,549 Texas A & M University-CommerceTX 1,065 2,336 3,436 6,837 University of Houston-VictoriaTX 1,018 1,021 612 2,651 Tarleton State UniversityTX941703 8,824 10,468 University of North TexasTX909 7,780 21,904 30,593 University of HoustonTX801 9,310 21,205 31,316 Texas Tech UniversityTX723 2,938 22,615 26,276 Midwestern State UniversityTX680960 3,598 5,238 Texas A & M University-KingsvilleTX620 2,315 5,968 8,903 Sam Houston State UniversityTX612 3,739 11,260 15,611 Stephen F Austin State UniversityTX611 2,487 7,927 11,025 West Texas A & M UniversityTX610 2,193 3,732 6,535 The University of Texas at El PasoTX562 4,823 13,693 19,078 The University of Texas at BrownsvilleTX530 3,236 7,157 10,923 Midland CollegeTX363982 2,217 3,562 University of Houston-Clear LakeTX327 1,349 2,855 4,531 Texas Tech University Health Sciences CenterTX287536482 1,305 Texas State University-San MarcosTX266 1,950 27,242 29,458 Angelo State UniversityTX263 1,450 4,156 5,869 The University of Texas at TylerTX258 1,694 3,274 5,226 The University of Texas of the Permian BasinTX243 1,016 1,445 2,704 The University of Texas-Pan AmericanTX240 3,564 12,741 16,545 Brazosport CollegeTX232624 2,229 3,085 Texas A & M University-Corpus ChristiTX206724 7,801 8,731 Texas A & M University-TexarkanaTX200616623 1,439 Texas A & M International UniversityTX192693 5,470 6,355 The University of Texas Medical BranchTX186490-676 Sul Ross State UniversityTX75 1,859 13 1,947 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San AntonioTX61120697878 The University of Texas at San AntonioTX39 2,009 23,297 25,345 Prairie View A & M UniversityTX32734 6,054 6,820 Texas Southern UniversityTX22459 6,540 7,021 The University of Texas at AustinTX9804 38,402 39,215 Texas A & M University-College StationTX164 39,885 39,950 Texas A & M University-GalvestonTX-- 1,905 1,905 Texas A&M Health Science CenterTX--206206 The University of Texas at DallasTX- 1,690 10,336 12,026 The University of Texas Health Science Center at HoustonTX--563563 The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer CenterTX-290-290 University of North Texas Health Science CenterTX---- University of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterTX--3333 Utah State UniversityUT 3,315 4,234 13,580 21,129 Utah Valley UniversityUT 2,570 5,767 17,569 25,906 Weber State UniversityUT 1,894 5,130 11,799 18,823 University of UtahUT733 5,840 17,399 23,972 Dixie State College of UtahUT295 2,339 5,025 7,659 Snow CollegeUT137444 2,607 3,188 Southern Utah UniversityUT115 1,304 4,348 5,767 Old Dominion UniversityVA 2,302 2,921 14,080 19,303 George Mason UniversityVA257 3,118 16,692 20,067 Virginia Commonwealth UniversityVA221 4,009 17,973 22,203 Norfolk State UniversityVA148 2,293 3,871 6,312 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityVA50 5,564 18,209 23,823 Radford UniversityVA49 1,038 7,488 8,575 James Madison UniversityVA43 1,796 16,035 17,874 University of Virginia-Main CampusVA32237 14,400 14,669 The University of Virginia's College at WiseVA28314 1,276 1,618 Longwood UniversityVA16132 4,037 4,185 University of Mary WashingtonVA1131 4,246 4,378 Christopher Newport UniversityVA-- 5,036 5,036 College of William and MaryVA-- 6,129 6,129 Eastern Virginia Medical SchoolVA---- Virginia Military InstituteVA-- 1,664 1,664 Virginia State UniversityVA-- 5,309 5,309 Johnson State CollegeVT172248 1,070 1,490 University of VermontVT58657 9,477 10,192 Vermont Technical CollegeVT22155 1,298 1,475 Castleton State CollegeVT-- 2,015 2,015 Lyndon State CollegeVT-18 1,356 1,374 Washington State UniversityWA 1,839 1,038 19,937 22,814 Bellevue CollegeWA 1,132 1,167 3,362 5,661 Central Washington UniversityWA811 1,509 7,970 10,290 Olympic CollegeWA563 1,456 3,188 5,207 Columbia Basin CollegeWA494 1,177 3,109 4,780 Peninsula CollegeWA333428487 1,248 Eastern Washington UniversityWA249695 10,392 11,336 Seattle Community College-South CampusWA213325 1,553 2,091 Seattle Community College-Central CampusWA173362 3,074 3,609 Centralia CollegeWA108290979 1,377 Lake Washington Institute of TechnologyWA68289 1,918 2,275 Western Washington UniversityWA68318 13,415 13,801 University of Washington-Seattle CampusWA61 1,463 26,464 27,988 Northwest Indian CollegeWA20128482630 University of Washington-Tacoma CampusWA12212 3,035 3,259 University of Washington-Bothell CampusWA446 3,436 3,486 The Evergreen State CollegeWA-- 4,121 4,121 University of Wisconsin-Green BayWI 1,109 1,199 3,788 6,096 Madison Area Technical CollegeWI 1,004 2,570 9,601 13,175 University of Wisconsin-StoutWI820 2,074 5,215 8,109 University of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeWI806 5,378 16,521 22,705 University of Wisconsin-OshkoshWI553 1,259 8,977 10,789 University of Wisconsin-PlattevilleWI47786 7,161 7,724 University of Wisconsin-SuperiorWI441173 1,851 2,465 University of Wisconsin-MadisonWI107 1,993 27,027 29,127 University of Wisconsin-Eau ClaireWI105 1,307 8,955 10,367 University of Wisconsin-WhitewaterWI93 1,411 8,937 10,441 University of Wisconsin-River FallsWI63897 4,914 5,874 University of Wisconsin-Stevens PointWI58884 8,222 9,164 University of Wisconsin-ParksideWI29170 4,116 4,315 University of Wisconsin-La CrosseWI11564 8,580 9,155 West Virginia UniversityWV791 1,157 20,344 22,292 Marshall UniversityWV448 2,291 6,626 9,365 West Virginia University at ParkersburgWV332 1,180 1,844 3,356 Bluefield State CollegeWV199 1,046 644 1,889 Glenville State CollegeWV126403984 1,513 Concord UniversityWV108555 1,919 2,582 Fairmont State UniversityWV85 2,885 1,026 3,996 West Liberty UniversityWV37734 1,716 2,487 Potomac State College of West Virginia UniversityWV3283 1,424 1,539 West Virginia State UniversityWV19453 1,663 2,135 Shepherd UniversityWV5122 3,725 3,852 West Virginia School of Osteopathic MedicineWV---- West Virginia University Institute of TechnologyWV-16971987 University of WyomingWY 1,028 1,611 7,390 10,029

Here is the data table on GDrive for sharing / downloading.

Summary by State

The next task was to summarize the data by each state. I created the summaries mostly by the SUMIF() function in MS Excel.


where column B is the state code of each institution, column K is the state code in the summary table (one row per state), and column F is the data for each time of enrollment.

Once this was done, I saved a csv file with the data only (no formulas) as well as the percentages, uploaded to GDrive and published using TablePress:

Summary of US public 4-year institutions and online education enrollment by state for Fall 2012, from IPEDS
State# exclusive online courses# some but not all online courses# at least one online course# no online coursesTotal Enrollment TOTALS 323,687 1,069,072 1,392,759 4,924,789 6,317,548 FL 48,746 147,708 196,454 410,342 606,796 TX 23,341 81,590 104,931 381,926 486,857 MD 23,098 12,410 35,508 86,614 122,122 NJ 20,210 15,525 35,735 106,850 142,585 OH 18,162 38,265 56,427 207,665 264,092 NY 11,439 31,460 42,899 272,684 315,583 AZ 10,084 41,958 52,042 61,892 113,934 KS 10,074 12,904 22,978 53,526 76,504 UT 9,059 25,058 34,117 72,327 106,444 IN 7,937 29,570 37,507 134,992 172,499 NV 7,797 18,452 26,249 50,252 76,501 AL 7,654 33,998 41,652 86,050 127,702 CO 7,144 14,469 21,613 113,510 135,123 PA 6,797 53,565 60,362 167,979 228,341 NC 6,749 28,274 35,023 134,804 169,827 OK 6,674 24,668 31,342 69,667 101,009 WA 6,148 10,903 17,051 106,922 123,973 GA 6,099 35,668 41,767 187,009 228,776 MI 5,933 25,309 31,242 198,631 229,873 KY 5,849 19,222 25,071 69,319 94,390 WI 5,676 19,965 25,641 123,865 149,506 OR 5,468 9,950 15,418 64,636 80,054 LA 4,644 20,364 25,008 83,844 108,852 MA 4,103 11,313 15,416 75,870 91,286 ND 3,971 6,292 10,263 22,689 32,952 NM 3,956 11,323 15,279 32,095 47,374 MN 3,928 19,871 23,799 73,284 97,083 TN 3,898 27,297 31,195 82,620 113,815 AR 3,765 16,583 20,348 54,955 75,303 MO 3,695 24,533 28,228 80,507 108,735 VA 3,147 21,553 24,700 136,445 161,145 MS 2,968 8,878 11,846 50,984 62,830 SD 2,881 4,739 7,620 18,984 26,604 IL 2,841 20,223 23,064 123,712 146,776 AK 2,424 4,472 6,896 13,596 20,492 ME 2,220 5,835 8,055 16,602 24,657 ID 2,211 10,842 13,053 25,965 39,018 WV 2,182 10,925 13,107 42,886 55,993 NE 2,009 10,014 12,023 31,746 43,769 CT 1,647 3,571 5,218 47,274 52,492 MT 1,327 5,004 6,331 27,187 33,518 CA 1,178 61,485 62,663 497,709 560,372 HI 1,102 3,477 4,579 18,916 23,495 WY 1,028 1,611 2,639 7,390 10,029 NH 1,019 1,347 2,366 21,526 23,892 IA690 6,918 7,608 49,283 56,891 VT252 1,078 1,330 15,216 16,546 SC174 10,945 11,119 73,798 84,917 DE174 1,110 1,284 19,836 21,120 RI115 6,446 6,561 13,827 20,388 DC-132132 4,581 4,713

Summary of US public 4-year institutions and online education enrollment percentages by state for Fall 2012, from IPEDS State% exclusive online courses% some but not all online courses% at least one online course% no online coursesTotal Enrollment TOTALS5%17%22%78%6,317,548 FL 8%24%32%68% 606,796 TX5%17%22%78% 486,857 MD19%10%29%71% 122,122 NJ14%11%25%75% 142,585 OH7%14%21%79% 264,092 NY4%10%14%86% 315,583 AZ9%37%46%54% 113,934 KS13%17%30%70% 76,504 UT9%24%32%68% 106,444 IN5%17%22%78% 172,499 NV10%24%34%66% 76,501 AL6%27%33%67% 127,702 CO5%11%16%84% 135,123 PA3%23%26%74% 228,341 NC4%17%21%79% 169,827 OK7%24%31%69% 101,009 WA5%9%14%86% 123,973 GA3%16%18%82% 228,776 MI3%11%14%86% 229,873 KY6%20%27%73% 94,390 WI4%13%17%83% 149,506 OR7%12%19%81% 80,054 LA4%19%23%77% 108,852 MA4%12%17%83% 91,286 ND12%19%31%69% 32,952 NM8%24%32%68% 47,374 MN4%20%25%75% 97,083 TN3%24%27%73% 113,815 AR5%22%27%73% 75,303 MO3%23%26%74% 108,735 VA2%13%15%85% 161,145 MS5%14%19%81% 62,830 SD11%18%29%71% 26,604 IL2%14%16%84% 146,776 AK12%22%34%66% 20,492 ME9%24%33%67% 24,657 ID6%28%33%67% 39,018 WV4%20%23%77% 55,993 NE5%23%27%73% 43,769 CT3%7%10%90% 52,492 MT4%15%19%81% 33,518 CA0%11%11%89% 560,372 HI5%15%19%81% 23,495 WY10%16%26%74% 10,029 NH4%6%10%90% 23,892 IA1%12%13%87% 56,891 VT2%7%8%92% 16,546 SC0%13%13%87% 84,917 DE1%5%6%94% 21,120 RI1%32%32%68% 20,388 DC0%3%3%97% 4,713

Here is the data table on GDrive for sharing / downloading.

Listing of Florida Public Institutions

At this point it seemed useful to filter down to the specific Florida public 4-year institutions, and share both the raw enrollment data as well as the percentages:

Listing of Florida public 4-year institutions and summary of Fall 2012 online education enrollment, from IPEDS Florida Public 4-year Institution# exclusive online courses# some but not all online courses# at least one online course# no online coursesTotal Enrollment TOTALS 48,746 147,708 196,454 410,342 606,796 St Petersburg College 8,243 6,801 15,044 12,530 27,574 Florida State College at Jacksonville 4,105 6,231 10,336 16,298 26,634 University of Central Florida 3,901 15,030 18,931 31,690 50,621 Valencia College 3,111 8,837 11,948 23,780 35,728 Miami Dade College 2,806 5,663 8,469 53,581 62,050 Florida International University 2,473 15,890 18,363 17,881 36,244 Daytona State College 2,188 3,627 5,815 7,575 13,390 Broward College 2,094 5,821 7,915 29,707 37,622 University of South Florida-Main Campus 2,011 11,175 13,186 17,282 30,468 Palm Beach State College 1,766 3,775 5,541 20,979 26,520 Seminole State College of Florida 1,650 3,897 5,547 12,263 17,810 Santa Fe College 1,589 2,933 4,522 9,571 14,093 Indian River State College 1,429 3,379 4,808 9,530 14,338 The University of West Florida 1,295 2,919 4,214 5,735 9,949 Edison State College 1,121 2,538 3,659 9,474 13,133 State College of Florida-Manatee-Sarasota 1,067 2,553 3,620 6,099 9,719 University of Florida 1,005 15,597 16,602 15,421 32,023 Polk State College911 2,260 3,171 6,242 9,413 Florida Atlantic University750 3,048 3,798 20,258 24,056 Pensacola State College748 1,977 2,725 6,777 9,502 College of Central Florida644 2,669 3,313 4,106 7,419 Saint Johns River State College621 1,234 1,855 3,392 5,247 Florida State University435 5,293 5,728 25,924 31,652 Northwest Florida State College434 1,629 2,063 3,749 5,812 University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee426752 1,178 535 1,713 Gulf Coast State College424852 1,276 2,135 3,411 Florida Gulf Coast University395 4,366 4,761 7,325 12,086 Florida Gateway College319713 1,032 1,122 2,154 University of South Florida-St. Petersburg Campus253 1,976 2,229 1,777 4,006 University of North Florida225 2,796 3,021 11,103 14,124 Lake-Sumter Community College156626782 2,925 3,707 South Florida State College84398482 1,591 2,073 Chipola College67397464 1,268 1,732 Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University-5656 9,885 9,941 New College of Florida---832832

Listing of Florida public 4-year institutions and percentage of Fall 2012 online education enrollment, from IPEDS Florida Public 4-year Institution% exclusive online courses% some but not all online courses% at least one online course% no online coursesTotal Enrollment TOTALS8%24%32%68% 606,796 St Petersburg College30%25%55%45% 27,574 Florida State College at Jacksonville15%23%39%61% 26,634 University of Central Florida8%30%37%63% 50,621 Valencia College9%25%33%67% 35,728 Miami Dade College5%9%14%86% 62,050 Florida International University7%44%51%49% 36,244 Daytona State College16%27%43%57% 13,390 Broward College6%15%21%79% 37,622 University of South Florida-Main Campus7%37%43%57% 30,468 Palm Beach State College7%14%21%79% 26,520 Seminole State College of Florida9%22%31%69% 17,810 Santa Fe College11%21%32%68% 14,093 Indian River State College10%24%34%66% 14,338 The University of West Florida13%29%42%58% 9,949 Edison State College9%19%28%72% 13,133 State College of Florida-Manatee-Sarasota11%26%37%63% 9,719 University of Florida3%49%52%48% 32,023 Polk State College10%24%34%66% 9,413 Florida Atlantic University3%13%16%84% 24,056 Pensacola State College8%21%29%71% 9,502 College of Central Florida9%36%45%55% 7,419 Saint Johns River State College12%24%35%65% 5,247 Florida State University1%17%18%82% 31,652 Northwest Florida State College7%28%35%65% 5,812 University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee25%44%69%31% 1,713 Gulf Coast State College12%25%37%63% 3,411 Florida Gulf Coast University3%36%39%61% 12,086 Florida Gateway College15%33%48%52% 2,154 University of South Florida-St. Petersburg Campus6%49%56%44% 4,006 University of North Florida2%20%21%79% 14,124 Lake-Sumter Community College4%17%21%79% 3,707 South Florida State College4%19%23%77% 2,073 Chipola College4%23%27%73% 1,732 Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University0%1%1%99% 9,941 New College of Florida0%0%0%100%832

Here is the data table on GDrive for sharing / downloading.


As I mentioned, we plan on doing more open data exploration on e-Literate, so let me know if you have any problems accessing, viewing or downloading the data, or if you have any suggestions.

Update: I highlighted the Florida and University of Florida rows based on the story on UF Online.

The post Open Data: A case study using IPEDS for online education appeared first on e-Literate.

The Resilient Higher Ed LMS: Canvas is the only fully-established recent market entry

Wed, 2014-02-05 23:06

For a few years starting in 2009, it seemed one of the best ways to raise VC funds or corporate internal investment was to say “we can beat Blackboard with a new cloud-based platform”. Witness Coursekit / Lore, Instructure / Canvas, OpenClass, LoudCloud Systems, Helix, and even more recently MOOC platforms. There were many articles written as these new systems entered the market, but what if we look back and ask whether the LMS market has actually changed recently? The picture that emerges is one of surprising resiliency by the established LMS providers.

In fact, I would argue that in the past eight years (at least in North America) the only new system that has fully established itself in the LMS market is Canvas. Note that I have combined WebCT and ANGEL within the Blackboard umbrella, but even these systems established themselves more than a decade ago.

In the mid 2000′s, we had Moodle and Sakai CLE join Blackboard, WebCT, ANGEL, Desire2Learn and eCollege as LMS solutions with staying power (let’s say based on having at least 5 mid to large-sized institutional adoptions). Then we have stasis until Canvas emerged in late 2010 (Utah Education Network selection) and early 2011. In just three years of production, Instructure boasts of 600+ institutional clients and 10 million end users for the Canvas platform.


There were other LMS announcements, and several of these systems are still available but have not demonstrated that they are fully established and have a sustainable business model. These can be shown as sitting on the edge of the market – not fully in and not fully out.

LoudCloud Systems initially targeted for-profit schools, with early wins at Grand Canyon University, Career Education Corp, and a big K-12 win in Colorado. Since then the company has advanced the product line and grown the company, but I have not seen any significant new wins.

OpenClass from Pearson seemed to dominate the conversation at EDUCAUSE 2011 as a “completely free”, “amazing” solution that was going to change the market. Initially targeted at faculty adoption rather than institutional adoption (it now targets both), the system does claim over 300,000 students and 50,000 faculty end users. But there are only a few institution-wide adoptions such as Abilene Christian University, and I am not convinced that 300,000 students using a free system rises to the level of a sustainable model.

Sakai OAE (rebranded last year as Apereo OAE - I’ll change this in future versions of the graphic) has gone through near-death and rebirth as we have described here at e-Literate. It is not truly targeted at being an LMS replacement, however, and is currently used at a handful of schools (Cambridge, Georgia Tech, Marist, NYU). Although this is not fully an LMS, I share it here under its original name for perspective as it was at one point billed as the replacement for Sakai CLE.

BrainHoney is an LMS more targeted at K-12 schools, but with BYU’s adoption as well as its inclusion in the University System of Maryland’s master agreement there had been signs they would fully compete in the higher ed space. But there has been no apparent follow-up.

Helix is the LMS developed by Altius Education with a particular focus on personalization and competency-based program support. After the Tiffin University / Ivy Bridge College loss of accreditation, the Helix platform was acquired by Datamark to expand their service offerings.


And finally there has been at least one example of an LMS that has come and gone, and two MOOC platforms that have shown signs of competing as the main learning platform for an institution.

Lore came out as Coursekit, and they had the most blatant pitch of “we’re better than Blackboard” as well as the biggest PR push (NY Times, the EconomistForbesTechCrunchFast CompanyIHEChronicle, etc) outside of OpenClass. Alas, Lore as a company was short-lived and the technology was acquired by Noodle last year.

At one point Coursera made statements that they were beginning to compete in the LMS market. There has not been any visible follow-up to these moves, however.

OpenEdX is the open-source learning platform used by edX and has been available to institutions since July 2013. It is too early to tell what level of adoption this platform will have.


Does this mean that analysts and reporters (including myself) were wrong about the potential for the new systems to change the market? To a degree, yes. Look at the standard list of LMS solutions in most higher ed selection processes now and back in 2010 – Blackboard, Desire2Learn, Moodle, and Sakai remain; the primary change is the addition of Canvas.

At the same time, there have been fairly significant changes in the LMS market in the past few years, certainly influenced by the success of Canvas but perhaps also influenced by the other recent announcements. LMS pricing power has significantly shifted from established vendors to higher ed customers. Vendors are quite willing to be aggressive in their proposals, either to win a new client or to retain a client. Furthermore, all solutions seem to be much more open as systems, at least in terms of standards compliance, particularly with LTI (learning tools interoperability from IMS).

The bigger change in the market might be the clear direction of mainline LMS providers towards becoming learning platforms that act as the hub of an ecosystem of learning applications. There are varying degrees of success in achieving this goal, but most solutions aspire to be such platforms.

I do not believe that the LMS is a commodity – which LMS a school selects can make a real, long-term impact. I also believe that schools should not ignore the trajectory of the various providers.

Nevertheless, despite the flurry of investment in new solutions, the higher ed LMS market has not changed nearly as much as many people had anticipated.

Full disclosure: Pearson and Coursera have been MindWires Consulting clients.

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Efficacy, Education, and the Last Mile

Wed, 2014-02-05 12:49

I’ve been thinking quite a bit recently about efficacy in education in light of the Pearson realignment. Is efficacy, a medical concept, a good lens through which to view our current educational technology challenges? Michael Feldstein laid out some reasons it might be in his treatment of the shift, but I’d like to expand on one of them — the “last mile”.

One of the crucial elements of efficacy is that it is *not* solely a lab concept. Certainly you can talk about a drug’s efficacy in research trials, but in general what medical researchers are interested in is how the drug performs in real-world scenarios. And in real-world scenarios, regimen compliance (more recently referred to as “adherence”) is a huge issue. Here’s a good explanation of the problem:

 “We’ve got so many great medications out there, but how do you get the patient to take the drops correctly?” said Dr. Tsai. To answer [this] question, he turned to diabetes researchers, who have been at the forefront of the field. “The researchers don’t see the patients as being bad,” Dr. Tsai explained. “They just see barriers to adherence.” On their advice he created a taxonomy, or systematic classification, of all the barriers to adherence.

Through a series of open-ended and specific questions, Dr. Tsai and colleagues described 71 unique reasons for nonadherence, culled from interviews with 48 patients with glaucoma. The number of barriers was higher than expected.

Patients reported the typical reasons, including problems with drop administration, following directions, bottle design, cost and forgetfulness. But nearly 50 percent of the barriers were “situational/environmental,” instances in which some other factors come into play. For example, the patient travels to Europe, forgets his drops and has no way to refill them. Or a loved one is in the hospital and the glaucoma patient feels guilty focusing on her own health.

“Our major finding,” said Dr. Tsai, “was that solutions are going to have to become more innovative and individualized. It’s likely to be different for each patient.”

Medical regimens are simple compared to educational ones. And yet, as the above shows, they are still profoundly complex. The key, however, is in that first paragraph:

“The researchers don’t see the patients as being bad,” Dr. Tsai explained. “They just see barriers to adherence.”

If there is a good lesson to take away from efficacy research, it is this one — no one cares how your drug performs in the lab. While educational technology has run towards the air-drop model of intervention, modern medicine has actually been running away from that model. The “last mile“, the name some epidemiologists give the gap between having effective treatments and staging effective interventions, turns out to be the majority of the journey; and if you are focussed on health instead of pills what you need to look at is the whole ecosystem. You need to see the barriers to use of your medication as being as much a part of your medication as its chemical structure. You need to do crazy things, like actually talk to people on the ground about what their issues are, observe product use, provide support, and customize implementation to address local realities.

As I mentioned above, educational technology implementation is far more complex than taking glaucoma drops; yet, amazingly we treat it with less nuance than the medical community treats its own products. We engage in technology air-drops, listen approvingly to Sugara Mitra’s hole-in-the-wall pitches. We release breathless press releases about projects like ConnectED, the multi-billion dollar project to wire up America’s schools which, as far as I can tell, has not a lick of professional development funds tied to it to help educators figure out how to use that connectivity. We made the pills, problem solved, right?

I remain somewhat ambivalent about Pearson’s corporate re-engineering. And there are many issues with applying the concept of efficacy to education. But I’m willing to deal with them all if we can finally recognize that the last mile is the longest and most important, and ultimately has to be a shared responsibility.

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