DBA Blogs

TDE Column vs TDE tablespace when to use

Tom Kyte - Wed, 2018-09-19 15:46
Hi, I have gone through the TDE column and TDE tablespace encryption. Most cases TDE tablespace option is found to be better compared to TDE column option. Wanted to know what advantage TDE column encryption gives or rather the use cases for TD...
Categories: DBA Blogs

In explain plan one of the tables in the query is not even scanned for joining , Do you know why ?

Tom Kyte - Wed, 2018-09-19 15:46
I am running a query like below explain plan for select count(1) from A , B where A.column1=1 and A.column2=3 and A.column3=b.column3(+) When I check the explain plan I can see the sort aggregate and other things ,However I do not see...
Categories: DBA Blogs

How to allow private connectivity across organizations(GCP)?

Surachart Opun - Wed, 2018-09-19 02:41
It's interesting, when you would like to allow private connectivity across two VPC networks that they belong to the different project/organization on Google Cloud Platform (GCP).

As google document that we can use VPC Network Peering? VPC Network Peering is a decentralized or distributed approach to multi-project networking. Additional, it works with Compute Engine, Kubernetes Engine,and App Engine flexible environments.

I did a lab about Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) Network Peering. There shows to do VPC Network Peering between VPC networks in the same project. So, I would like to see how it works on across organizations.

Example: On My Organization (my project), I would like to connect server (Private IP Address) on another Organization (another project).

As a subnet CIDR prefix in one peered VPC network cannot overlap with a subnet CIDR prefix in another peered network. So, both VPC networks must have the different CIDR prefix.

My Organization [myproject] {ubuntu-test, default/} <======> No organization [qwiklabs-gcp***]{privatenet-us-vm/}

On No organization [qwiklabs-gcp***]: VPC network name is "privatenet".


My Organization [myproject]: I used "default" VPC and default firewall.

Then, starting to create "VPC Network Peering".

- To create "VPC Network Peering" on myproject:
Networking => "VPC network" => "VPC network peering".
Click "Create Peering Connection".  name = "peering-to-lab".
Note: you must know Project ID and VPC network name for network destination.

It should show "Waiting for peer network to connect".

-  To create "VPC Network Peering" on another Project: On No organization [qwiklabs-gcp***], "Create Peering Connection".  name = "peering-to-mygcp".

After clicking "Create". It should show "Connected" on both projects (if configuration corrects) like.

On myproject:

- Finally, test connection: ssh to my vm and test (ssh) connection to {privatenet-us-vm/}.
Note: (as firewall allow icmp/ssh). No need to do on firewall.

opun@ubuntu-test:~$ ssh
opun@'s password:
Linux privatenet-us-vm 4.9.0-8-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.9.110-3+deb9u4 (2018-08-21) x86_64
The programs included with the Debian GNU/Linux system are free software;
the exact distribution terms for each program are described in the
individual files in /usr/share/doc/*/copyright.
Debian GNU/Linux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent
permitted by applicable law.
Last login: Wed Sep 19 06:22:05 2018 from
Could not chdir to home directory /home/opun: No such file or directory
$ w
 06:22:55 up 43 min,  2 users,  load average: 0.00, 0.00, 0.00
USER     TTY      FROM             LOGIN@   IDLE   JCPU   PCPU WHAT
opun     pts/1       06:22    1.00s  0.00s  0.00s w ************Reference: https://cloud.google.com/vpc/docs/vpc-peering
Categories: DBA Blogs

#Exasol Database whoami

The Oracle Instructor - Wed, 2018-09-19 02:03

This little script displays some useful meta-information:

SQL_EXA> create schema myschema;
EXA: create schema myschema;

Rows affected: 0

SQL_EXA> create or replace script whoami as
 output('Current User: '.. tostring(exa.meta.current_user))
 output('Current Schema: '.. tostring(exa.meta.current_schema))
 output('Session ID: '.. tostring(exa.meta.session_id))
 output('Database Version: '.. tostring(exa.meta.database_version))
 output('Number of Nodes: '.. tostring(exa.meta.node_count))
EXA:create or replace script whoami as...

Rows affected: 0
SQL_EXA> col output for a40;
COLUMN   output ON
FORMAT   a40
SQL_EXA> execute script whoami with output;
EXA: execute script whoami with output;

Current User: SYS
Current Schema: MYSCHEMA
Session ID: 1612024483893367379
Database Version: 6.1.0-alpha1
Number of Nodes: 1

5 rows in resultset.

All available metadata is documented here (Chapter 3. Concepts -> 3.6 UDF scripts).

Categories: DBA Blogs


Tom Kyte - Tue, 2018-09-18 21:26
Hi Tom, I installed Oracle Database 11G in the folder (E:\DB11)and successfully imported a user to it. But when you install the developer 10G IN FOLDER(E:\DEV10). and TRY TO DO a user import into the database ORACLE 11G, i am receiving the follo...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Collection to retrieve data as pipelined taking more time even the query taking lesser time

Tom Kyte - Tue, 2018-09-18 21:26
Hi sir, Have facing issue with the time. The query which is used in dynamic cursor type like 'open for select" taking 550 ms but the output we used as collection passing as pipelined value. At that time it's taking more time like 50 s. Please give...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Need script to compare table data of same table in different oracld databases

Tom Kyte - Tue, 2018-09-18 21:26
Hi, I have a requirement where table1 exists in 2 diiferent oracle dbs . I need to write a shell script or pl sql block which would compare every column of the table in db 1 and db2 and give following output from unix. It should be able to take any ...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Selection from union view by table identifier

Tom Kyte - Tue, 2018-09-18 21:26
Hi, I have a view like <code>create view V_TAB as (select 1 as id, value from TAB1 union all select 2 as id, value from TAB2 ); </code> I would expect Oracle be able to optimize the following query and execute a selection only on one tabl...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Oracle Forms V Oracle APEX Check List

Tom Kyte - Tue, 2018-09-18 03:06
Oracle Forms has some strength and is still the best BackOffice tool from ORACLE from my Point of view. Here are some issues that I miss with APEX. Maybe you already have these Options in 18.x.? Can you check this list: 1. 100% accessiblity for...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Display blob pdf

Tom Kyte - Tue, 2018-09-18 03:06
Dear, I have table lob_table( id number ,doc blob ,namefile varchar (200)) I would like to display blob doc who is pdf file and print it in sqldeveloper. i have create this procedure is it corrects ? CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE PROC2 AS...
Categories: DBA Blogs

What privilege to view package body

Tom Kyte - Mon, 2018-09-17 08:46
Hi Tom: I have a problem when i grant the package privilege to the other user. A is a normal user which used in factory environment. user B is for app team which can not create anything. First I grant create any procedure ,execute any procedure...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Hardware resource planning

Tom Kyte - Mon, 2018-09-17 08:46
Hello, Thanks for taking up this question. I am interested in understanding how to optimize the hardware resources (cores, memory, disk space) required for Oracle without impacting performance. There are multiple virtual machines in a VMwa...
Categories: DBA Blogs

system user could login without password or incorrect password

Tom Kyte - Mon, 2018-09-17 08:46
hi all, recently i had an incident.. i just logged into the database as system using sqlplus when sqlplus prompted for username i put 'SYS AS SYSDBA' and when prompted for password,instead of entering my password i just hit the ENTER key and s...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Returning count of rows deleted using execute immediate

Tom Kyte - Sun, 2018-09-16 14:46
How to I get the number of rows deleted within PL/SQL using the EXECUTE IMMEDIATE command?
Categories: DBA Blogs

Partitioning -- 5 : List Partitioning

Hemant K Chitale - Sun, 2018-09-16 10:14
List Partitioning allows you to specify a value (or a set of values) for the Partition Key to map to each Partition.

This example shows List Partitioning.

SQL> create table request_queue
2 (request_id number primary key,
3 request_submision_time timestamp,
4 requestor number,
5 request_arg_1 varchar2(255),
6 request_arg_2 varchar2(255),
7 request_arg_3 varchar2(255),
8 request_status varchar2(10),
9 request_completion_time timestamp)
10 partition by list (request_status)
11 (partition p_submitted values ('SUBMITTED'),
12 partition p_running values ('RUNNING'),
13 partition p_errored values ('ERRORED'),
14 partition p_completed values ('COMPLETED'),
15 partition p_miscell values ('RECHECK','FLAGGED','UNKNOWN'),
16 partition p_default values (DEFAULT)
17 )
18 /

Table created.


Note how the P_MISCELL Partition can host multiple values for the REQUEST_STATUS column.
The last Partition, has is specified as a DEFAULT Partition (note that DEFAULT is a keyword, not a value like the others) to hold rows for REQUEST_STATUS for values not mapped to any of the other Partitions.  With List Partitioning, you should always have a DEFAULT Partition (it can have any name, e.g. P_UNKNOWN) so that unmapped rows can be captured.

If you go back to my previous post on Row Movement, you should realise the danger of capturing changing values (e.g. from "SUBMITTED" to "RUNNING" to "COMPLETED") in different Partitions.  What is the impact of updating a Request from the "SUBMITTED" status to the "RUNNING" status and then to the "COMPLETED" status ?  It is not simply an update of the REQUEST_STATUS column alone but a physical reinsertion of the entire row (with the consequent update to all indexes) at each change of status.

SQL> insert into request_queue
2 values (request_id_seq.nextval,systimestamp,101,
3 'FAC1','NOTE',null,'SUBMITTED',null)
4 /

1 row created.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

.... sometime later ....

SQL> update request_queue
2 set request_status = 'RUNNING'
3 where request_id=1001
4 /
update request_queue
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-14402: updating partition key column would cause a partition change


So, although now we know that we must ENABLE ROW MOVEMENT, we must suffer the impact of the physical reinsertion of the entire row into a new Partition.

SQL> alter table request_queue enable row movement;

Table altered.

SQL> update request_queue
2 set request_status = 'RUNNING'
3 where request_id=1001
4 /

1 row updated.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

.... sometime later ....

SQL> update request_queue
2 set request_status = 'COMPLETED',
3 request_completion_time=systimestamp
4 where request_id=1001
5 /

1 row updated.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.


(Note that all the previous "Partitioning 3a to 3d" posts about Indexing apply to List Partitioning as well)

Categories: DBA Blogs

Parse string then flatten into columns

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2018-09-14 07:46
Hi, LiveSQL link not accepted by the form: https://livesql.oracle.com/apex/livesql/s/g88hb5van1r4ctc65yp4lq9gb I have this situation (see link): <b>ID String</b> Id1 Thing1: Sub1, <br>Thing2: Sub7 ,Sub8 , Sub9 <br>Thing3: Sub12 Id1 Thing...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Oracle View object - performance Issue with Outer Join including a WITH clause

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2018-09-14 07:46
Hi Tom ; Thank you , I've been using your site for 2 years now, resolved many issues based on your answers. Case Scenario : Customer having multiple addresses , only one is active ; some cases ALL the addresses of a customer could be inactive....
Categories: DBA Blogs


Tom Kyte - Fri, 2018-09-14 07:46
Error starting at line : 12 in command - CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW EMP_MV BUILD IMMEDIATE REFRESH FORCE ON COMMIT AS SELECT EMPID,EMPNAME FROM EMP Error report - ORA-12054: cannot set the ON COMMIT refresh attribute for the materializ...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Recommended partition size

Tom Kyte - Fri, 2018-09-14 07:46
We want to partition some tables using interval partitioning on the creation date. Partitioning is for manageability - we want to drop older partitions eventually - and partition pruning for improving performance. What is the Recommended partition si...
Categories: DBA Blogs

Identify the missing object in an ora-08103 error

Tom Kyte - Thu, 2018-09-13 13:26
We have a large cursor that runs nightly and on a random night we get the following error from the job that calls the cursor: 180911 180019 (APPS.GAINS_COMMON,1194) Begin export_data 180911 194348 (APPS.GAINS_COMMON,4735) BEGIN export_sla 1809...
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