The Oracle Audit Vault is installed on a server, and collector agents are installed on the hosts running the source databases. These collector agents communicate with the audit vault server.
If the collection agents are not active, no audit data is lost, as long as the source database continues to collect the audit data. When the collection agent is restarted, it will capture the audit data that the source database had collected during the time the collection agent was inactive.
There are three types of agent collectors for Oracle databases. There are other collectors for third-party database vendors such as SAP Sybase, Microsoft SQL-Server, and IBM DB2.
Audit Value Collectors for Oracle Databases*
Audit Trail Type
Database audit trail
For standard audit records:
AUDIT_TRAIL initialization parameter set to:
For fine-grained audit records: The
audit trail parameter of
DBMS_FGA.ADD_POLICY procedure is set to:
DBMS_FGA.DB + DBMS_FGA.EXTENDED.
Operating system audit trail
For standard audit records:
AUDIT_TRAIL initialization parameter is set to:
For syslog audit trails,
AUDIT_TRAIL is set to
OS and the
AUDIT_SYS_OPERATIONS parameter is set to
TRUE. In addition, the
AUDIT_SYSLOG_LEVEL parameter must be set.
For fine-grained audit records: The
audit_trail parameter of the
DBMS_FGA.ADD_POLICY procedure is set to
DBMS_FGA.XML + DBMS_FGA.EXTENDED.
Redo log files
The table that you want to audit must be eligible. See "Creating Capture Rules for Redo Log File Auditing" for more information.
*Note if using Oracle 12c; the assumption is that Mixed Mode Unified Auditing is being used
If you have questions, please contact us at mailto:email@example.comReference
- Integrigy Guide to Oracle Audit Vault Integrigy Guide to Oracle Audit Vault
- Presentation “Developing Value with Oracle Audit Vault Developing Value with Oracle Audit Vault
When upgrading the Oracle E-Business Suite database to Oracle Database 12c (12.1), there are a number of security considerations and steps that should be included in the upgrade procedure. Oracle Support Note ID 1524398.1 Interoperability Notes EBS 12.0 or 12.1 with RDBMS 12cR1 details the upgrade steps. Here, we will document steps that should be included or modified to improve database security. All references to steps are the steps in Note ID 1524398.1.Step 8
"While not mandatory for the interoperability of Oracle E-Business Suite with the Oracle Database, customers may choose to apply Database Patch Set Updates (PSU) on their Oracle E-Business Suite Database ...".
After any database upgrade, the latest CPU patch (either PSU or SPU) should always be applied. The database upgrade only has the latest CPU patch available at the time of release of the database upgrade patch. In the case of 188.8.131.52, the database upgrade will be current as of July 2013 and be missing the latest five CPU patches. Database upgrade patches reset the CPU level - so even if you had applied the latest CPU patch prior to the upgrade, the upgrade will revert the CPU patch level to July 2013.
From a security perspective, the latest PSU patch should be considered mandatory.Step 11
It is important to note from a security perspective that Database Vault must be disable during the upgrade process. Any protections enabled in Database Vault intended for DBAs will be disabled during the upgrade.Step 15
The DMSYS schema is no longer used with Oracle E-Business Suite and can be safely dropped. We recommended you drop the schema as part of this step to reduce the attack surface of the database and remove unused components. Use the following SQL to remove the DMSYS user --
DROP USER DMSYS CASCADE;Step 16
As part of the upgrade, it is a good time to review security related initialization parameters are set correctly. Verify the following parameters are set -
o7_dictionary_accessibility = FALSE audit_trail = <set to a value other than none> sec_case_sensitive_logon = TRUE (patch 12964564 may have to be applied)Step 20
For Oracle E-Business Suite 12.1, the sqlnet_ifile.ora should contain the following parameter to correspond with the initialization parameter sec_case_sensitive_login = true -
SQLNET.ALLOWED_LOGON_VERSION_SERVER = 10
Tags: Oracle E-Business SuiteDBA
For Oracle database customers the Oracle Audit Vault can protect the following:
- SQL statements logs – Data Manipulation Language (DML) statement auditing such as when users are attempting to query the database or modify data, using SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE.
- Database Schema Objects changes – Data Definition Language (DDL) statement auditing such as when users create or modify database structures such as tables or views.
- Database Privileges and Changes – Auditing can be defined for the granting of system privileges, such as SELECT ANY TABLE. With this kind of auditing, Oracle Audit Vault records SQL statements that require the audited privilege to succeed.
- Fine-grained audit logs – Fine Grained Auditing activities stored in SYS.FGA_LOG$ such as whether an IP address from outside the corporate network is being used or if specific table columns are being modified. For example, when the HR.SALARY table is SELECTED using direct database connection (not from the application), a condition could be to log the details of result sets where the PROPOSED_SALARY column is greater than $500,000 USD.
- Redo log data – Database redo log file data. The redo log files store all changes that occur in the database. Every instance of an Oracle database has an associated redo log to protect the database in case of an instance failure. In Oracle Audit Vault, the capture rule specifies DML and DDL changes that should be checked when Oracle Database scans the database redo log.
The Audit Vault also supports –
- Database Vault – Database Vault settings stored in DVSYS.AUDIT_TRAIL$ such as Realm audit, factor audit and Rule Audit.
- System and SYS – Core changes to the database by privileged users such as DBAs as recorded by AUDIT_SYS_OPERATIONS.
- Stored Procedure Auditing – Monitor any changes made to PL/SQL and stored procedures. Standard reports are provided to stored procedure operations, deleted and created procedures as well as modification history.
If you have questions, please contact us at mailto:firstname.lastname@example.orgReference
- Integrigy Guide to Oracle Audit Vault Integrigy Guide to Oracle Audit Vault
- Presentation “Developing Value with Oracle Audit Vault Developing Value with Oracle Audit Vault
hyundai santa fe 2015 caracteristicas might likewise be furnished with this area's foreseen alternatives, including a third-column seat and a route machine. supporters might moreover browse styles with considered one of two V6 motors, door or all-wheel force and a handbook or modernized transmission. lamentably, that you can't actually mix'n'match - base styles have a more modest V6 with less strength, and various the limited's alleviation and solace alternatives are restrictive to that trim.
in general, despite the fact that, the 2015 hyundai santa fe sport review is a brilliant plausibility for youthful families needing all-capacity transportation. We wouldn't guide it if energetic driving progress are favored. The more diminutive Mazda CX-7 and Mitsubishi Outlander, and additionally the average size Nissan Murano would all be most well known for this situation, and Toyota's Highlander is roomier and speedier. yet in the event that you require different hybrid for the cash, the Hyundai Santa Fe is sensibly convincing.
2015 hyundai santa fe sportThe when will the 2015 hyundai santa fe be available medium size hybrid action utility is accessible in three trim extents: base GLS, SE and limited. The GLS begins off with sixteen-inch compound wheels, full power supplies, keyless section, journey direct and a six-speaker sound machine with a CD/Mp3 player, satellite radio, an assistant sound jack and a USB port. The midlevel SE trim joins a finer V6 motor, 18-inch amalgam wheels, an auto-darkening rearview mirror, robotized headlights, a drive pc and direction wheel-snared sound controls. The best Santa Fe constrained includes a sunroof, cowhide based upholstery, warmed front seats, a force driver seat, twin-zone programmed nearby climate control and a top rate Infinity sound contraption with a six-CD changer.
one of the vital restricted's additional features are offered as options on the GLS and SE. different options include a third-row seat with auxiliary rear local weather controls and Bluetooth for wirelessly connecting your phone to the auto. A towing training bundle is same old on SE and limited fashions, and an not obligatory navigation device and a rear-seat leisure system are offered on the Santa Fe limited only.
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In GLS trim, the Santa Fe comes with a 2.7-liter V6 that produces 185 horsepower and 183 pound-feet of torque. The SE and limited function a larger three.3-liter V6 excellent for 242 hp and 226 lb-feet of torque. A five-velocity guide transmission is same old with the bottom engine, and a 4-speed automatic is not obligatory. The greater V6 comes same old with a 5-speed automated transmission and accelerates the when is the 2015 hyundai santa fe release date from zero to 60 mph in 8.7 seconds.
All hyundai santa fe 2015 fashions are provided with both front-wheel-pressure or all-wheel-drive powertrains. The electronically controlled AWD gadget routinely routes energy to the wheels with the perfect traction. For more suitable performance in slippery or off-street stipulations, a driver-selectable AWD lock offers a fixed 50/50 torque split between the front and rear wheels.
correctly equipped, the Santa Fe can tow up to three,500 pounds. EPA estimated fuel economic system is pretty much an identical for both engines: An AWD variation with the 3.three-liter V6 has scores of 17 mpg city/24 mpg highway and 19 mpg blended, a tad above reasonable for this phase.
2015 hyundai santa fe mpgThe 2015 hyundai santa fe limited offers an impressive array of same old safety options together with antilock disc brakes, traction keep watch over, steadiness keep watch over, front-seat facet airbags, full-length head curtain airbags and lively front-seat head restraints.
In executive crash exams, the hyundai santa fe 2015 philippines got an excellent 5 stars for defense in frontal and side influences. In insurance Institute for highway safety testing, the nuevo hyundai santa fe 2015 earned the absolute best imaginable rating of "excellent" in each frontal-offset and aspect-influence assessments.
2015 hyundai santa fe sport Release DateThis second-technology Santa Fe has a lovely dashboard and high quality supplies during. In restricted trim, the convincing faux timber and aluminum accents give the crossover a certain luxurious feel. Blue instrument lighting fixtures and an non-compulsory 10-speaker Infinity sound machine handiest add to the Santa Fe's plush inside ambience.
The using position can be awkward for some, although, because the front seats are established overly high and the short bottom cushions supply minimal thigh fortify for taller adults.
With the optional third-row seat, the Santa Fe can accommodate up to seven passengers. Like most models in this segment, alternatively, the third row is truly best suitable for kids. The second row is notably above average in relation to alleviation. The cut up rear seats can be folded flat in each rows, and the Santa Fe splits the variation between smaller and larger crossover SUVs with seventy eight cubic ft of most cargo room.
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Smaller crossover SUVs just like the Mazda CX-7 and Mitsubishi Outlander are sportier and extra worthwhile to force arduous, although the Santa Fe's handling is indisputably composed and might in reality be enjoyable every now and then. The trade-off is that the trip may also be very busy on the highway on fashions with the larger wheels. during standard using, the brake pedal feels about proper, however can get smooth all through onerous braking.
the 2.7-liter V6 gives first rate acceleration, however the additional kick and subtle nature of the three.three-liter V6, which is sort of as gas environment friendly, is important and gives the when does the 2015 hyundai santa fe come out a extra large feel. In testing, although, now we have discovered the greater V6's 5-velocity computerized can on occasion be sluggish to downshift for quick passing or merging maneuvers.
its a well known fact that the Cadillac other individuals have pointed the back wheel-drive 2015 cadillac escalade platinumsoundly at the balanced BMW 3 succession, which has laid out the portion for a considerable length of time. The 2015 cadillac fleetwood price outside measurements principally recreate those of the 3 accumulation, and the 2015 cadillac escalade redesign bargains pleasant develop quality, feisty effectiveness and an including weight together with a supple ride, much the same as the benchmark Bimmer. Cadillac's most up to date form likewise bargains an intelligent electronic interface with which to work all the nearby inside solace doohickeys, which is a vital component in this section of lavish cars.
The 2015 cadillac escalade first drive stacks up well against its opponent. On the expressway, it supplies great direction feel and a light-footed, shrewdly adjusted ride. Helping the sharp elements is reality that this Caddy is the lightest car in its classification (by utilizing 70-150 pounds, contingent upon trim). further adding to the ATS's physicality is its best 50/50 weight circulation between the passageway and back wheels.
With a trio of motor decisions close by, the 2015 cadillac hybrid productivity ranges from lukewarm to intriguing. the base 2.5-liter 4 serves as the expense and gas financial framework pioneer, actually assuming its 202-drive yield slacks in the again of the base motors found in the opposition. in the mean time, the turbocharged 2.0-liter inline-4 packs a superb midrange punch and is the main alternative inside the ATS extend that might be had with a manual gearbox. With 321 hp, the vivacious V6 offers a sweet soundtrack and is intelligently matched to a dreadfully responsive computerized transmission.
There are various minor contemplations with the ATS. aficionados may requirement for a handbook gearbox with the top motor, while the back seats and trunk are substantially less spacious than what a few adversaries give. indeed, this stage isn't exactly dispossessed of ability, either. The 2013 BMW three grouping still takes high respects by utilizing goodness of its progressed base powertrain and much more alluring driving flow, in any case it is normally ordinarily dearer. We're furthermore marginally partial to the correspondingly intelligently adjusted Audi A4, the refined Mercedes-Benz C-class and cost stuffed - if no more as cleaned - Infiniti G vehicle. however general, the 2013 Cadillac ATS is an extremely solid contender in the, exceptionally aggressive segment of reduced diversion vehicles.
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The 2015 cadillac escalade hp is a five-traveler, extravagance situated action vehicle that is given in four trim extents: base, sumptuous, productivity and top rate.
standard gimmicks on the bottom trim incorporate 17-inch combination wheels, warmed mirrors, mechanized headlights, journey control, twin-zone programmed atmosphere manage, six-way vitality front seats with vitality lumbar, leatherette premium vinyl upholstery, a tilt-and-extendable direction wheel, Onstar, Bluetooth telephone network and a seven-speaker Bose sound framework with satellite radio, an ipod/USB interface and an assistant sound jack.
the luxurious trim gives run-level tires, keyless entrance/ignition, far flung motor begin, eight-methodology force doorway seats, front and back park support, a rearview computerized cam, an auto-darkening rearview imitate, calfskin seating, driver memory works, a 60/forty part collapsing back seat (with move-thru), HD radio, Bluetooth sound streaming and the CUE infotainment interface.
The proficiency trim (no more accessible with 2.5-liter motor) further gives twin fumes outlets, a Driver cognizance bundle arrangement (forward crash caution, back cross-site guests alarm, path takeoff cautioning, programmed wipers and back seat feature airbags), a vivacious air grille, xenon headlights, an overhauled 10-speaker Bose encompass sound gadget (with a CD member), door action seats (with driver-aspect support change) and a set back seat with pass-through.
Stepping as much as the top class trim (not on hand with 2.5-liter engine) adds 18-inch wheels, a navigation machine, a color head-up display and the 60/forty cut up-folding rear seat. An 2015 cadillac escalade images top rate with rear-wheel force additionally comes with summer tires, a sport-tuned suspension, adaptive suspension dampers and a limited-slip rear differential.
among the features which can be usual for the upper trim ranges are to be had as options on the lower trims. just a few other not obligatory applications are also available. the driving force help package includes the features from the awareness package deal and provides adaptive cruise keep watch over, blind-spot monitoring, collision education with brake help, and the colour head-up show. The cold climate bundle contains heated entrance seats and a heated guidance wheel. The monitor performance bundle provides an engine oil cooler and upgraded brake pads. other options embrace totally different wheels, a sunroof and a trunk cargo organizer.
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the 2.5 fashions include a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder engine that produces 202 hp and one hundred ninety pound-toes of torque. the 2.0 Turbo fashions include a turbocharged 2.0-liter 4-cylinder rated at 272 hp and 260 lb-feet of torque. the 3.6 fashions include a three.6-liter V6 that cranks out 321 hp and 274 lb-feet of torque.
All 2015 cadillac escalade jalopnik engines come matched to a six-pace computerized transmission aside from the two.0 Turbo, which can also be had with a six-velocity handbook. Rear-wheel drive is standard across the board, with all-wheel power optional for the 2.zero- and 3.6-liter engines.
In Edmunds checking out, a rear-force ATS 2.0T with the manual went from zero to 60 mph in 6.3 seconds. A rear-drive ATS 3.6 top class with an automated accelerated from zero to 60 mph in 5.7 seconds. each times are reasonable among in a similar fashion powered entry-stage activity sedans.
EPA-estimated gasoline financial system for the ATS 2.5 stands at 22 mpg city/33 mpg freeway and 26 mpg blended. The V6 is estimated to succeed in 19/28/26 with rear-wheel power and Cadillac claims the two.zero-liter Turbo will get the same with an automatic transmission. With all-wheel power, the ATS V6 drops to 18/26/21.
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standard safety features for the new 2015 cadillac escalade for sale embody antilock disc brakes, traction regulate, balance keep an eye on, energetic front head restraints, front-seat aspect and knee airbags and entire-size aspect curtain airbags. additionally usual is OnStar, which includes automated crash notification, on-demand roadside help, far off door unlocking, stolen vehicle assistance and switch-with the aid of-turn navigation. non-compulsory are the aforementioned Driver consciousness and Driver assistance applications.
In Edmunds brake testing, an ATS 3.6 premium got here to a stop from 60 mph in an impressively short 108 feet. A 2.0T stopped in an ordinary distance of 113 feet.
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within its cabin, the photos of 2015 cadillac escalade boasts plenty of top quality materials, together with tasteful timber and steel accents. The on hand CUE infotainment interface features huge icons and operates like an iPhone or iPad, which is to say you use it by tapping, flicking, swiping or spreading your fingers -- making it familiar for a lot of users. moreover, "Haptic" comments allows you to understand while you've pressed a virtual button by using pulsing when you contact it.
Up front, the seats do a pleasant job of protecting one in situation right through spirited drives, and it is quite straightforward to find a comfortable riding position. Oddly, the not obligatory game seats do not present rather more in the best way of lateral enhance for the motive force, despite their energy-adjustable bolsters.
Rear-seat headroom is good, but knee room is tight for taller people. regardless of a wide opening, the 2015 cadillac escalade length trunk deals just 10.2 cubic ft of capability — downright stingy for this phase. fortuitously, some trims function a 60/forty split-folding rear seat, which helps on this regard.
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The 2015 cadillac escalade vs infiniti qx80 is an impressive all-around performer, because of a poised experience, sure-footed cornering functionality and superb response from the guidance and brakes. the two.5-liter engine is smooth, however it offers tepid acceleration compared to other entry-stage powertrains, notably that of the BMW 328i. opt for one of the crucial different ATS engines, then again, and you can have no complaint, as they supply thrust extra in line with this Cadillac's athletic personality. even supposing fans could lament the lack of a guide transmission for the V6, the six-pace automated is tricky to fault. Switched to game mode, this automated is aware of just when to hold a equipment and provides smooth, rev-matched downshifts right on time, each time.
Even with its wearing calibration, the cadillac new models 2015 takes neglected city streets in stride, absorbing the shock of potholes and damaged pavement with out upsetting the automobile or its occupants. because of this, the compact Cadillac makes for a nice day by day driver that can also provide a whole lot of leisure on a Sunday morning power.
the new 6 demonstrates that Mazda wasn't going to make the identical mistake twice. want room to chill out? It bargains one of the vital accommodating cabins of any midsize sedan, with Texas-sized front seats and a backseat match for 6-footers. acquired baggage, or in all probability 4 units of golf golf equipment? The midsize Mazda now options an impressively massive 16.6 cubic toes of trunk space. need energy? Mazda's received you covered with the biggest and strongest V6 on this worth bracket, though its gasoline financial system is disappointing. need to make a way commentary? then you definately shouldn't be shopping for a family sedan within the first position. but as such cars go, we think the brand new 6 manages to be tautly horny, in particular from the front, despite its additional 6.1 inches of length and 2.three inches of width. in contrast to the previous model, the 2016 Mazda6 Interior Review used to be engineered namely for the North American market -- and it shows.
It additionally method introduced weight, as the enlarged 6 is roughly a hundred and fifty pounds heavier than its predecessor. yet you can nonetheless discover the sporty reflexes that consumers have come to expect from this efficiency-oriented brand. physique roll is minimal through domestic-sedan requirements, and the steerage is light however responsive. The 6 by no means allows you to omit its really extensive dimension, but its smartly-sorted chassis and light-on-its-ft character at pace places it 2nd most effective to the Nissan Altima within the fun-to-force category.
Wait a minute, you might be announcing -- how might the "zoom-zoom" household sedan fail to be the sportiest automobile in its class? Three causes: The Altima's significantly lighter, its physique motions are higher managed and its steering is tighter and more communicative. however so what? because the previous 6 validated (and the Toyota Camry continues to reveal), prime-notch riding dynamics don't a very best-promoting household sedan make. What the brand new 6 offers is the coveted combination of american-fashion measurement and energy, along with above-average handling for individuals who care about that kind of thing. authentic fans won't in finding the 6 to their liking -- however hiya, that is what the Mazdaspeed three is for.
in short, the 2009 Mazda 6 is at or close to the top of its class in most respects. As universal, although, we suggest check-riding as many rival models as conceivable earlier than making your resolution, including the Chevrolet Malibu, Honda Accord, Hyundai Sonata, Nissan Altima, Subaru Legacy and Toyota Camry. each has its own strengths and weaknesses, but few can suit the 6's all-round competence and attraction.
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The 2009 Mazda 6 is a entrance-wheel-pressure midsize sedan. There are seven trim ranges: i SV, i activity, i journeying, i Grand visiting, s recreation, s journeying and s Grand visiting. fashions with the i prefix include the 4-cylinder engine, whereas fashions with the s prefix come with the V6.
the worth leader i SV comes usual with sixteen-inch metal wheels, a manually top-adjustable driver seat, full power accessories, a six-speaker CD stereo machine with guidance-wheel-installed audio controls, air-conditioning and a tilt/telescoping steerage column. The i recreation adds cruise keep an eye on, an auxiliary enter jack and keyless entry. The i traveling edition steps up the function content material with 17-inch alloy wheels, foglights, a commute pc, a power driver seat, keyless ignition/entry, electroluminescent gauges, black patterned accent pieces and a leather-based-wrapped steerage wheel and shift knob. The i Grand travelling model provides xenon headlights, heated leather seats with a reminiscence perform for the driving force seat, Bluetooth connectivity, twin-zone automatic climate regulate, auto-dimming mirrors and an auditory blind-spot monitoring device.
The s fashions feature the corresponding i models' usual gear together with just a few enhancements -- the s sport comes with 17-inch alloy wheels and dual exhaust retailers, and the s traveling and s Grand travelling add 18-inch alloy wheels.
A comfort package for visiting models tacks on most of the Grand visiting's standard luxuries, while the Moonroof and Bose bundle adds a sunroof and an upgraded audio system to journeying and Grand journeying fashions. A navigation system is to be had most effective on the Grand journeying. other choices include faraway start, an in-sprint six-CD changer and satellite tv for pc radio.
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The front-wheel-pressure 2009 Mazda 6 is powered through either a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder engine or a three.7-liter V6. The 4 generates 170 horsepower and 167 pound-feet of torque, while the V6 pumps out 272 hp and 269 lb-ft. A six-velocity manual transmission is standard on 4-cylinder fashions, with a five-velocity automated non-compulsory on all however the i SV. A six-velocity computerized is necessary on V6-powered models.
gasoline-economy estimates stand at 20 mpg metropolis/29 freeway and 23 mixed for 4-cylinder fashions with the manual transmission, while the five-speed auto improves the 4's numbers to 21 mpg metropolis/30 freeway and 24 blended. These are classification-competitive numbers. however, if you go for the V6, estimates drop to 17 mpg city/25 freeway and 20 mixed, which is ready as bad because it gets on this phase.
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Antilock disc brakes, balance control, front-seat facet airbags and entire-length facet curtain airbags are all same old on the aftermarket mazda 6 parts.
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The mazda 6 bluetooth issues control structure is in most cases intuitive, with all major knobs and buttons naturally labeled and simply manipulated. it's sexy, too, with crimson backlighting for the gauges and a swish middle stack sweeping ahead towards the windshield, despite the fact that the atypical black-and-silver patterned plastic trim in journeying models and above is not going to strike everyone's fancy. materials high quality is hit-or-pass over, as the wealthy-feeling soft-contact subject material on the passenger side of the dashboard contrasts with low-cost arduous stuff on the driving force aspect. The emergency brake additionally feels a bit chintzy for this value point. The generously proportioned seats are somewhat at ease, then again, with abundant leg- and headroom all around. On the downside, energy-adjustable lumbar beef up is unavailable, and the not obligatory manually adjustable driver-facet lumbar toughen operates by the use of a labor-intensive knob.
in the audio department, the 6's usual stereo is just enough, and while the optional Bose gadget sounds markedly better, it lacks the clarity and wealthy bass response of the best stereos on this category. there may be better information on the cargo-carrying entrance, the place the sixteen.6-cubic-foot trunk units a new same old for domestic sedans. furthermore, it can be more desirable with the aid of upscale strut helps that do not impinge on the cargo area, and the 60/40-cut up-folding rear seats add to the 6's impressive hauling capabilities.
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A awesome quantity of highway noise filters into the 6's cabin at velocity. Pavement imperfections barely ruffle the 6's composure, although, even when it is equipped with the non-compulsory 18-inch wheels. the bottom 2.5-liter engine produces wheezy noises and tepid acceleration, though the slick-shifting six-speed handbook shifter livens things up a little. The 5-pace automated is much less engaging but offers remarkably refined shifts. the large 3.7-liter V6 feels and sounds muscular, but it's a clean operator, even at greater engine speeds. unluckily, the six-pace computerized is not tuned for enthusiastic using -- downshifts are delayed, even in guide mode. handling is spectacular for a big household sedan, however the 6 would not really feel as tossable in corners as the Altima, and its guidance is lighter and looser than the nimble Nissan's. there may be most likely sufficient zoom on this chassis to placate folks that like to pressure, whereas the average client will relish the 6's reasonably compliant journey.
The minimal 5-entryway hatchback contends with a climbing workforce of minicars that gimmicks the MINI Cooper that dispatched the stage inside the U.s., the new Fiat 500, the Mitsubishi i electrical auto, and a couple of two-seat passages, the developing old savvy Fortwo and the new Scion iq.
actually assuming its 12-foot-1-inch length is unequivocally three toes shorter than a Chevrolet Cruze smaller 4-entryway vehicle, the Spark does not so much show up as little as it seems to be. best in scale- -stopped beside an amusement utility auto, as a sample -is its fitting measurement prominent.
The creators have accomplished all that they may to blanket the Spark's extents. its a tall auto roosted on little 15-inch wheels, however stress strains, dark plastic boards that proceed with the window line, and a vast Chevy twin-opening grille help to conceal the chunk sided, scorn nosed field-on-wheels show up.
The handles for the back entryways are stowed away operating at a profit plastic trim, which Chevy says gives the auto a "roadster like" appear. we don't in all actuality buy that, however outwardly the back entryways don't fundamentally learn as entryways on first look. while the back completion is everything except vertical, a long top spoiler stretches out to edge the back window opening, offering profundity to the back and bettering the Spark's aeromechanics too.
inside, the textured hard-plastic dash makes no attempt and camouflage what its through copying another topic. so also, the seats are unashamedly manufactured material. however constitution color embeds on the entryway trim, inside the entryway boxes, and on the dashboard include a sprightly stress. They take notice the painted inside steel found in economy autos of the Sixties, despite the fact that inside the Spark they may be all body-color plastic presented for effect.
Like its vast sibling the Sonic, the Spark has a "motorbike model" instrument case mounted on the direction section. It suits a speedometer and a little auto learning show. the base Spark has a little monochrome center showcase, yet all LT trim levels work a 7-inch coloration touchscreen show inside the heart stack.
there is only one motor in the Spark, a 84-pull 1.2-liter four-barrel Ecotec that puts out eighty three lb-toes of torque. The Spark comes same old with a five-velocity handbook gearbox, and a four-pace automated transmission will likewise be requested for an extra $925. Forceful driving with the aide can hustle the little Spark by means of town acceptably, however the robotized is, honestly, a puppy. Its first gear is inordinate sufficient that quickening a long way from stoplights shows up excruciatingly steady, and it would not appear to offer such a great amount of punch at any velocity or in any apparatuses. this is one auto for which the handbook gearbox may be the main conceivable choice.
The 2013 Chevrolet Spark lt for sale with the aide transmission is EPA-evaluated at 32 mpg city, 38 mpg thruway, for a blended score of 34 mpg- -comparable to the rest inside the class, however sensibly lower than a considerable amount of bigger reduced vehicles, which benefit from higher the study of air. the programmed model is accessible in lower, at a consolidated 32 mpg (28 mpg city, 37 mpg road). The Spark runs on consistent evaluation gas, in spite of the fact that; the Fiat 500 prescribes top rate gas.
The Spark's ride is somewhat firm, by and by it dealt with broken NY city roads with aplomb- -despite the fact that riders had been mindful of each knock, pothole, edge, and swell. its tall enough that travelers will truly feel the Spark inclining toward difficult corners, nonetheless its reasonably little wheels and tires toiled grave to convey the road. the electric force direction deals some interstate feel, and though its barely ever as charming to throw round as the MINI Cooper, the Spark can trade paths into spaces diverse autos couldn't fit into, and it is a delight to stop. Our starting force provided for us no probability to test the Spark at 75-mph turnpike speeds.
within, the Spark's seats are physically movable yet agreeable -if a tad bit thin for broad channeled American travelers. The back seatback is upright, yet with to some degree arrangement between front- and once more seat riders, four adult male people can possess the Spark and go in reasonable house. that is more than can additionally be expressed for the MINI Cooper or Fiat 500, actually assuming the Mitsubishi i electric auto -the main other 5-entryway hatchback on this arrangement -bargains also shocking back seat space too.
With the back seat up, the Spark has 11.four cubic feet of load territory -enough to hold 10 to 12 full paper staple gear without issues -which grows to 31.2 cubic toes when the 60/40 part back seat is flipped and collapsed down. A payload net is close by as a feature of the higher trim levels, as are rails to mount baggage bearers on the top.
The 2013 Chevrolet Spark lt for sale has been intended to satisfy all present and future U.s. security necessities, and springs ordinary and not utilizing a less than 10 airbags. It has now not yet been appraised for accident wellbeing by method for either the NHTSA or IIHS. The Spark has not least complex electronic dependability keep watch over and electronically monitored slowing mechanisms, yet moreover doorway seat-cinch pretensioners and same old Hill start help- -a decent trademark for youthful drivers. Outward innovative and insightful is great, together with respectable back three-quarter perceivability over the intention energy's shoulder for switching (no back creative and judicious Polaroid is possible). All Sparks come standard with GM's Onstar gadget and 6 free months of bearer.
quickly for a minicar, all Sparks come typical with air-con, vitality windows, a back window wiper, and a drive pc. Furthermore Chevy contemplated that one methodology to make the Spark appear to be considerably less machine like
The Passport was once actually a re-badged Isuzu Rodeo, a truck-based SUV inbuilt Indiana, at a plant that Subaru and Isuzu shared on the time. the primary era Passport, sold from 1994 via 1997, offered a collection of a one hundred twenty-horsepower 2.6-liter four-cylinder engine, paired with a 5-pace handbook gearbox, or a a hundred seventy five-hp 3.2-liter V-6--and an available four-pace automated transmission. Rear-wheel power was same old, and all-wheel pressure might be ordered as an choice. Trim ranges have been base and EX.
2002 honda passport check engine light flashingIn 1998, a 2nd-era Passport used to be introduced. It used to be still based on a truck chassis, nevertheless it came with extra relief and safety options than the earlier adaptation, and was considerably extra refined. The 4-door game-utility vehicle came usual with a 205-hp three.2-liter V-6, matched with a 5-speed guide gearbox on base versions, though a four-speed computerized transmission was additionally on hand.
The second Passport was once offered in two trim ranges: the LX will be ordered with the 5-velocity guide, with four-wheel-pressure as an possibility, and the extra upscale EX came with the 4-velocity automatic, once more with both force possibility. while the spare tire on the base LX was established on a swinging bracket on the tailgate, the EX relocated it to a service beneath the cargo house. For the 2000 version year, the Honda Passport received a handful of updates, together with non-compulsory 16-inch wheels on the LX and available two-tone paint treatments.
2002 honda passport transmission dipstick locationWhen taking into account the Passport as a used car, patrons should comprehend that the 1998-2002 models have been recalled in October 2010 as a result of body corrosion in the basic house where the rear suspension was mounted. Any autos with out seen corrosion have been handled with a rust-resistant compound, but reinforcement brackets were to be installed in those with more extreme rust. In some cases, the damage was once so extreme that Honda simply repurchased the autos from their homeowners. Used-automotive shoppers taking a look at Passports must be sure to in finding out whether the car had been via a remember, and what--if anything else--was achieved.
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Mazda's Miata feels very nearly large in correlation to the S2000. The cockpit is confined regardless of how little the tenants. The high shoulders of the S2000 keep the driver and traveler, and the controlling wheel sits low even at its most noteworthy alteration point. Strangely for Honda, the controls aren't laid out neatly (there's not a considerable measure of dash space to do so), and the enormous red Start catch appears to be more like a contrivance. There's a lot of dark plastic, as well, for the sake of sparing weight.
The 2009 Honda S2000 is one of the slightest reasonable large scale manufacture autos on the planet. There's practically no inside or trunk stockpiling, the cockpit's more confined than the mentor situates on a Boeing 757, and its evaluated above $30,000. It is an exemplary roadster sportscar with back wheel drive, a ragtop to open on sunny days, a six-pace manual transmission, and a rev-cheerful four-barrel motor.
2009 red honda convertible s2000
A year ago Honda presented the S2000 CR, the club-racer adaptation of the standard S2000. The CR gets a full-body flight optimized unit, superior Bridgestone tires, firmer suspension settings, a thicker hostile to move bar, and new wheels. A lightweight aluminum hardtop that cuts weight by around 90 pounds replaces the delicate top component. Inside, the CR gets different material seats with yellow sewing, another aluminum shifter handle, and carbon-fiber resemble the other much the same trim boards.
Standard supplies on the 2009 Honda S2000 incorporates electronic dependability control and non-freezing stopping devices, however side airbags—a gimmick now found on almost all new vehicles—aren't accessi
although the 2009 Honda S2000 has a dated design, the bottom edition stands out for its spectacular mix of fashion and performance, regardless of the overwhelming additions on the CR.
automobiles.com studies other exterior highlights embody trendy “excessive-intensity-discharge headlamps and 17-inch alloy wheels” that come usual on the 2009 Honda S2000. Edmunds resorts essentially the most distinguished criticism of the exterior of the 2009 Honda S2000, noting that whereas the brand new aerodynamic items on the CR “reduce excessive-velocity aerodynamic lift by way of about 70 p.c,” additionally they “cut back the car’s overall visual appeal with the aid of, oh, 79 %.” evaluations read through ebizsig.blogspot.com convey that the exterior styling of the 2009 Honda S2000 is a large success, and Kelley Blue e-book says the Honda S2000 “strikes an awfully un-Honda like, slightly depraved poise” that may “resemble an angry cobra about to strike.”
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Kelley Blue e book notes that “CR models include an aerodynamic physique kit,” together with “raise-reducing front and rear spoilers and a removable aluminum onerous high instead of the traditional cloth” model on the standard Honda S2000.
according to the reviewers at Edmunds, the “2009 Honda S2000 is a compact two-seat roadster that’s provided in two trims: same old and CR.” each trims share the same normal profile, which automobiles.com calls a “wedge-formed profile that stands except for different roadsters.”
ConsumerGuide approves of the internal structure on the 2009 Honda S2000, claiming that the “S2000 has a comfortable cockpit, so everything is shut at hand,” and whereas the “digital bar-graph tachometer and digital speedometer usually are not the sports activities-automotive norm,” they're “simple to learn.” Edmunds chimes in, noting that “just about all the controls you’ll ever want are set up inside a finger’s extension of the guidance wheel.” one of the most cooler interior features to find its method right into a manufacturing car is the “new top-power Indicator” on the 2009 Honda S2000 CR, a feature that cars.com says will flash “a inexperienced light when top power is reached.” Kelley Blue ebook gushes the 2009 Honda S2000’s “inside is stuffed with excellent surprises,” including a “giant pink start button on the sprint” and “the long heart console [that] sits up excessive, affording you the perfect perch on which to rest your arm.”
2009 honda s2000 performance specs
The 2009 Honda S2000 enjoys better handling because of the quicker guidance ratio and new tires, and the CR variation is a monitor-necessary contender that can hold its personal against more expensive European and American competition.
The EPA estimates that the 2009 Honda S2000, whether in standard or CR kind, will get 18 mpg within the city and 25 on the highway. Most cars as robust because the 2009 Honda S2000 pay a big penalty on the gasoline pump, however the small engine blended with lightweight development on the Honda S2000 yields a moderately frugal efficiency machine.
evaluations read by way of ebizsig.blogspot.com convey that the engine is happiest when operating flat-out. cars.com notes that “once it reaches 5,000 rpm or so, the S2000 lunges ahead like a rocket,” and Edmunds adds that “piloting the 2009 Honda S2000 takes some getting used to, on the grounds that height energy is delivered at nearly eight,000 rpm.” ConsumerGuide reviewers love the engine and find the Honda S2000 “offers a stunning provide of usable power across a extensive rpm vary, mixed with ultrahigh-revving excitement.” although two diverse versions of the 2009 Honda S2000 are on hand, Edmunds studies that the only engine offered is a “2.2-liter four-cylinder that churns out 237 hp at a lofty 7,800 rpm and 162 pound-feet of torque at 6,800 rpm.” Honda has tuned the engine on the Honda S2000 almost to the breaking point, with automobile and Driver commenting that “the S2000’s 2.2-liter four is mainly maxed out.”
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evaluations learn by using ebizsig.blogspot.com additionally compliment the S2000’s transmission for its easy shifts and brief throws. Kelley Blue e book claims that the engine and transmission combination makes for “startlingly-quick efficiency,” whereas the chassis provides “outstanding nimbleness” to the 2009 Honda S2000 package deal. vehicles.com states that the four-cylinder engine on the S2000 Honda “mates with a six-speed handbook transmission” that ConsumerGuide says will supply “manageable take hold of motion” and a “slick, quick-throw gearbox.”
As excellent as the engine/transmission mixture is, coping with continues to be a trademark of the 2009 S2000. automobiles.com holds nothing back in praising the “razor-sharp steerage, disciplined coping with and athletic cornering ability” of the 2009 Honda S2000. Kelley Blue e book reviewers rave about the “just about flat cornering conduct and intensely crisp response that allows” the 2009 Honda S2000 “to barter the corners with positive tenacity.” The membership Racer is even more impressive, with automotive and Driver reporting it “is simply harder and sharper, with much less physique roll and tire scrubbing and extra nook composure and stability underneath braking.” sadly, the associated fee for all that efficiency is bad journey quality, and ConsumerGuide points out that “nearly every small bump and tar strip registers during the seats.” On the positive aspect, ConsumerGuide also comments that “braking is swift and simply modulated” whether or not you might be driving on the street or the monitor.
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Many thanks firstly to Ahmed Jassat, author of “Cloning from 20hrs to 20mins using Oracle Dataguard” & also to Alexander Reichman, author of “Interacting with BPEL/Workflow from Oracle Forms 11g”.
Ahmed is an Oracle Apps DBA based in South Africa & his White Paper focuses on a client site where he has worked & how implementing Oracle Dataguard has reduced the cloning time dramatically for them & the impact this has had on the business. A must-read for any DBA/Technical Managers, DBAs, Apps DBAs & disaster recovery teams.
Alexander is a certified Oracle DBA based in Canada & his White Paper focuses on integrating Oracle Forms 11g with Oracle BPEL/Workflow included in the Fusion Middleware 11g platform. A must-read for any Oracle Forms Developers, SOA Architects & Project Managers.
Many thanks for your contributions guys!
When you log into a database server that has been running for several years, you will often find lots of files from databases that may not have been used for some time.
The people who created them probably left the company long ago and there is little documentation on the databases. Nobody is certain whether or not they are still being used, so they just sit around using up disk space. If the databases are started up, then they’re also using memory, even though they may not be doing anything productive.
Rather than prolonging this situation, it’s a good idea to remove these databases - once you’ve confirmed that no-one uses them anymore. Unfortunately, within a large business it may not be easy finding out who within the company is using which databases, if documentation has not been kept up to date.
As a starting point you can look in the following places:
(i) Database alert log
If the database is currently shut down, then what date was it shut down? If this was a long-time ago (i.e. more than 1 year), then the chances are that the database is no longer used, or is so out of date with current business data that it would need to be refreshed/updated before it could be of any use.
Note: Just because things such as configuration changes (i.e. extending datafiles) are shown in the alert log, it doesn’t mean to say that it’s actually in use. A DBA can carry out maintenance tasks on a database, whether or not there are any business users carrying out work.
Similarly, you may find that a backup tool such as RMAN regularly connects to the database. This also doesn’t mean to say that the database is being used by the business - just that it’s being backed up.
(ii) Listener log
Search in the listener log for the last entries for that database. Even if the database is shutdown, this will let you know the last time that anyone was using it. Be careful that you don’t think that someone is using the database just because there is an automated application process or reporting tool that connects to the database regularly. If individual users are not connecting to the database, then it may not be in use anymore.
Note: Double-check with any reports or application support teams as well, because the database may just be a repository, in which case individual user connections could be rare.
(iii) Datafile timestamps
If the database is shutdown, What is the last modified date shown in the filesystem for the datafiles? I’ve come across situations where you can’t find any entries for the SID in the listener log and the alert log for the database has been removed, so this is a good way to find out when the database was last open.
Note: This is assuming that someone hasn’t just copied the files from another location, without preserving the original file timestamps.
(iv) Run AWR/ASH or Statspack reports
These will let you know if anyone has been using the database within the last week or longer - depending on the retention period configured for the database. (If performance snapshots are not configured, then you may also find useful information on long-running transactions in V$SESSION_LONGOPS).
Note: Just because a database hasn’t been used in the last week, doesn’t mean to say it’s not required anymore. It could be used for monthly, weekly or annual reporting, so you may not see regular activity.
(v) Database Auditing
If database auditing has been enabled, it will give you an idea who has been accessing the database. (e.g. query views such as DBA_AUDIT_SESSION and DBA_AUDIT_TRAIL).
(vi) Standby databases
It’s worth running the query SELECT DATABASE_ROLE FROM V$DATABASE; If this returns “PHYSICAL STANDBY” or “LOGICAL STANDBY”, then it could mean that someone has deleted a primary database in the past, but neglected to remove the associated standby database.
Before deleting any databases, it would be advisable to email anyone that may have an interest in the database and then ensure that a copy of the database files and configuration information is archived to tape or other storage for a pre-defined period of time. Ensure that you have approval from all interested parties before carrying out any work like this, which could have an impact on the business.